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caryatid(e)

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A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
118 words
Illustration(s):
1

...(e) ( pl . caryatid(e)s ) Carved, draped, straight, standing female figure (cora) , on its head an astragal (enriched with bead-and-reel ), ovolo (enriched with egg-and-dart ), and square abacus , used as a column substitute, supporting an entablature . Examples from Greek Antiquity include those of the south porch of the Erechtheion , Athens ( c .421–407 bc ), where six figures supported the roof. A similar draped female figure with a basket-like form over the head instead of the astragal-ovolo-abacus capital arrangement is a canephora ...

caryatid

caryatid  

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A carved female figure, usually clad in long robes, serving as a column. They were first used in Greek architecture and the most famous caryatids are on the Erechtheum at Athens (c.421–406 bc). The ...
cora

cora  

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(pl. corae).Any column in the form of a young woman, as in the prostasis of the Erechtheion, Athens, also called caryatid.
polos

polos  

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1 Cylindrical headdress of a caryatid.2 Greek centring-pin or dowel used when jointing the drums of the column-shafts.Dinsmoor (1950)
Osiride

Osiride  

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Pier supporting an entablature or other load, with an engaged figure of the Ancient Egyptian god Osiris attached to it, which, unlike a caryatid or a telamon, does not itself act as a support.J. Curl ...
canephora

canephora  

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In ancient Greece, each of the maidens who carried on their heads baskets bearing sacred objects used at certain feasts; a caryatid representing or resembling such a figure.
Pericles

Pericles  

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Early 4th-cent. bcdynast of Limyra (east Lycia). His name suggests imitation of Athenian culture. He defeated Artembares, ruler of Pinara and Tlos (Tituli Asiae Minoris 1. 67, 104) and ...
Erechtheum

Erechtheum  

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A marble temple of the Ionic order built on the Acropolis in Athens c. 421–406 bc, with shrines to Athene, Poseidon, and Erechtheus, a legendary king of Athens. A masterpiece of the Ionic order, it ...
telamon

telamon  

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(pl. telamones).Straight, unbowed male whole figure acting as a column supporting an entablature on its head. See also atlas, canephora, caryatid, from which it is distinct.
antic

antic  

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A term used to denote the fantastic, bizarre, or distorted nature of a particular piece of sculpture or decoration.
Tivoli

Tivoli  

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From the late republican period (1st century ad), a favourite site for country retreats of the Roman aristocracy (e.g. Cassius, Catullus, Augustus). Sixty sculptures from the Villa of Cassius (1st ...
Flemish Mannerism

Flemish Mannerism  

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North-European mutation and mélange of Flamboyant Gothic, High Renaissance Italian Mannerist, and French Renaissance Fontainebleau styles. It exploited cartouches, caryatides, grotesque ornament, ...
William Inwood

William Inwood  

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(1771?–1843)Inwood was born in Highgate, near London, around 1771, and died in London on 16 March 1843. He trained initially as a surveyor and estate manager, but was best ...
Jean Goujon

Jean Goujon  

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(b c.1510; d ?Bologna, ?1568).French sculptor. He ranks second only to Germain Pilon as the greatest French sculptor of the 16th century and he created a distinctive Mannerist style as sophisticated ...
Luigi Cagnola

Luigi Cagnola  

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 (1762–1833) Italian architect.The Napoleonic wars both disrupted his architectural career and offered him the opportunity of designing a distinguished triumphal arch, the Arco del Sempione, formerly ...
Jacques Sarrazin

Jacques Sarrazin  

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(bapt. Noyon, 8 June 1592; d Paris, 3 Dec. 1660).The leading French sculptor of the mid-17th century. He was in Rome from about 1610 to 1628, during which time he formed his style on the example of ...
forum Augustum

forum Augustum  

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Or dedicated in 2 bc, the vast precinct of Mars Ultor in Rome, vowed by Octavian at Philippi. The octastyle marble Corinthian temple stood on a lofty podium at the northern end; the interior of the ...
Erne

Erne  

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Subject:
Religion
Waterway in Ireland flowing 75 miles NW from Lough Gowna in Co. Longford through Lough Oughter and Lough Erne, counties Cavan, Fermanagh, and Donegal, to Donegal Bay south of Ballyshannon. Two bodies ...
Jacques Lemercier

Jacques Lemercier  

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(c. 1585–1654).Important mid-C17 French architect. He worked on the Square Court of the Louvre in Paris, begun by Lescot, and was responsible for the Pavillon de l'Horloge (completed 1641) in which ...
Berthold Lubetkin

Berthold Lubetkin  

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(1901–90).Russian-born, he was the most influential Socialist architectural immigrant to Britain in the 1930s, bringing International Modernism with him. He studied in Russia in the 1920s, then in ...

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