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The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
Literature, Classical studies
88 words

...'tids ( karyātidĕs ) The Greek name for columns carved in the form of women in long drapery. They appear in Greece c. 550 bc . The most famous are the six which supported the roof of the small porch on the south-west corner of the Erechtheum , one of which is now in the British Museum. The derivation of the name is unknown; one suggestion is that it means ‘maidens of Caryae’, a place in Laconia, and it is perhaps connected with the girl dancers who performed there in honour of...