You are looking at 1-20 of 6,538 entries  for:

  • All: cardinal x
clear all

Did you mean cardinality cardinality

View:

Overview

cardinal

A high church official, appointed by the pope. The cardinals (from Latin cardo, ‘hinge’) were defined as a ‘sacred college’ with clearly defined functions in the 11th century, when they ...

Cardinal

Cardinal   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... , red table grape , a cross , grown for wine production in vietnam and thailand . Cardinal is also a (Burgundian) name for a red wine mixed with cassis...

cardinal

cardinal   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Food (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... at one time the name for a drink based on rum, has become a French culinary term indicating the colour scarlet, the colour of a cardinal’s headgear. It may turn up in connection with a sauce , a garnish, or a consommé . It is usually obtained from the coral of a lobster...

cardinal

cardinal   Quick reference

The Diner’s Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... A drink which combines red wine with blackcurrant liqueur—in other words, the red-wine version of kir . The name was suggested by the red robes of a cardinal. An alternative term is communard...

Cardinal

Cardinal   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...were called in Latin cardines ( see cardinal ). The cardinal points are those that lie in the direction of the poles and of sunrise and sunset. Thus the winds that blow due north, east, west and south are called cardinal winds. It is probably from the fact that there are four cardinal points that there are four cardinal humours , cardinal virtues and other objects. Cardinal signs In the zodiac these are the two equinoctial signs, aries and libra , and two solstitial signs, cancer and capricorn . Cardinal virtues The most important moral...

cardinal

cardinal   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Zoology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
21 words

... In Bivalvia , applied to the area around the hinge. The word is derived from the Latin cardinalis meaning ‘hinge’....

cardinal

cardinal   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
281 words

... (Lat. cardo , hinge) Originally, the word applied to the senior clergy of the Roman parishes—the hinges on which the Church depended—who developed into papal advisers, much later becoming Princes of the Church and the electors of popes. There are three grades of cardinalCardinal-Deacon, Cardinal-Priest, and Cardinal-Bishop, but these do not necessarily correspond to the actual rank of the holder, since an Archbishop may be a Cardinal-Deacon. In the early 4th century the Cardinal-Priests were simply the priests of the Roman titular churches ( see ...

Cardinal

Cardinal   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
56 words

... . A member of the ‘Sacred College’ of priests selected by the pope to assist him in governing the Roman Catholic Church . In 1994 there were 167 cardinals in all. On the death of a pope they meet in secret session to elect his successor; since 1971 those over the age of 80 may not...

cardinal

cardinal   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
60 words

... Highest ranking priest in the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church after the pope. Some cardinals are heads of departments of the Curia Romana, whereas others are primates of national churches or other senior bishops. They are nominated by the pope, whom they advise. On the death of a pope they meet in secret conclave to elect his...

Cardinal

Cardinal   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Opera Characters (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
36 words

... ( Maxwell Davies : Taverner ). Ten. Not named, but presumably Wolsey. Reprieves Taverner after he is sentenced for heresy, because he wants him to remain as court musician. Created ( 1972 ) by John Lanigan...

cardinal

cardinal   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...cardinal A component of some inflammasomes (caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 8, apoptotic protein NDPP1, 431 aa) that inhibits NF κ ‎B activation. Has a single CARD domain ....

cardinal

cardinal   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
68 words

... A high church official, appointed by the pope. The cardinals (from Latin cardo , ‘hinge’) were defined as a ‘sacred college’ with clearly defined functions in the 11th century, when they became the electors of popes. There are three levels of cardinal : deacon, priest, and bishop. See also papacy . Phyllis G. Jestice G. D. Kittler , The Papal Princes (1960). I. S. Robinson , The Papacy, 1073–1198 ...

cardinal

cardinal   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,339 words

... Three groups of cardinals existed at Rome . First the cardinal-bishops ( episcopi cardinales ), present at Roman synods before the middle of the 11 th c., titulars first of seven, then of six dioceses situated in the immediate neighbourhood of Rome: Ostia, Albano, Palestrina, Porto, Silva Candida, Gabii (later Labicum, then Tusculum ) and Velletri (later Sabina). Their main task was to perform, once a week each, a liturgical service at the Basilica of Saint John Lateran . The cardinal-priests ( presbyteri cardinales ), responsible for the...

cardinal

cardinal   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
199 words

...times. The cardinal-priests were the parish clergy of the various Roman churches. Cardinal-deacons had care of the poor of the seven districts of Rome. Cardinal-bishops were created c. the 8th cent., when the increase in Papal business necessitated invoking the help of neighbouring bishops to act from time to time as the Pope’s representative. All cardinals must now be in priest’s orders and those not already bishops are given episcopal consecration. They are nominated by the Pope. Unless excused or bishops of foreign dioceses, they reside in Rome and act...

cardinal

cardinal   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
705 words

...came to rank with princes of the royal blood. The three ranks of cardinals originated at different periods. The cardinal-priests were the parish priests of various Roman churches. Cardinal-deacons had the care of the poor in the seven districts of Rome. Cardinal-bishops were created c. the 8th cent., when the increase of Papal business made it necessary to invoke the help of neighbouring bishops to act from time to time as the Pope's representatives. The terms ‘cardinal-subdeacon’ and ‘cardinal-acolyte’ were occasionally used of the subdeacons and acolytes at...

Cardinal

Cardinal   Reference library

Anne Button

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... . In Richard III he reluctantly agrees that the Duke of York and his mother Queen Elizabeth should be brought out of the sanctuary (3.1) that he led them to in the previous scene. He is based on Thomas Bourchier (or Bouchier) ( c. 1404–1486 ). In folio editions it is the Archbishop of York who leads them to sanctuary. Anne...

cardinal virtues

cardinal virtues   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
12 words

... virtues The Platonic cardinal virtues are courage, temperance, wisdom, and...

cardinal points

cardinal points   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
16 words

... points North, south, east, and west, so elevations facing these points are cardinal fronts...

cardinal veins

cardinal veins   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
40 words

... veins two pairs of veins in the embryo that carry blood from the head (anterior cardinal veins) and trunk (posterior cardinal veins) ; they unite to form the common cardinal vein , which drains into the sinus venosus of the...

Cardinal Virtues

Cardinal Virtues   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
24 words

... Virtues ( Virtutes Cardinales ) Justice, Prudence, Temperance, and Fortitude, as distinguished from the Theological Virtues (Faith, Hope, and Charity), often personified...

cardinal number

cardinal number   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... number A number that gives the number of elements in a set. If two sets can be put in one-to-one correspondence with one another they have the same cardinal number or cardinality . For finite sets the cardinal numbers are 0, 1, 2, 3,…, but infinite sets require new symbols to describe their cardinality. See aleph and aleph-null...

View: