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Overview

brother

Subject: Religion

Used of sons of the same parent(s) (e.g. Judg. 8: 19), of related people (e.g. Deut. 23: 8, NJB), or in reference to a forgiven foe (1 Kgs. 20: 33, NRSV). In the NT it is used of a fellow ...

Dynamic Integration Theory

Dynamic Integration Theory   Reference library

Manfred Diehl, Eden Griffin, and Allyson Brothers

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
8,587 words
Illustration(s):
3

...L. H. , Labouvie-Vief, G. , Aycock, J. , Rebucal, K. A. , & Koch, H. E. (2004). Performance in auditory and visual emotional Stroop tasks: A comparison of older and younger adults . Psychology and Aging , 19 , 523–535. Manfred Diehl , Eden Griffin , and Allyson ...

brother

brother   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
10 words

... The term was often used to mean a brother...

brother

brother   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
54 words

... Used of sons of the same parent(s) (e.g. Judg. 8: 19), of related people (e.g. Deut. 23: 8, NJB), or in reference to a forgiven foe (1 Kgs. 20: 33, NRSV). In the NT it is used of a fellow Christian (1 Cor. 6: 6, NRSV marg.) and several times in Acts...

brother

brother   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
10 words

... . The term was often used to mean a brother...

Brother

Brother   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... When used with another noun, this word can denote a fellow member of the same calling, order, corporation or the like. Apart from the more regular instances, such as ‘brother workers’, former designations of this type included brother birch for a fellow schoolmaster, ‘brother blade’ for a fellow soldier or companion in arms, ‘brother brush’ for a fellow painter, ‘brother bung’ for a fellow innkeeper, ‘brother Crispin’ for a fellow shoemaker, ‘brother mason’ for a fellow freemason, and ‘brother string’ for a fellow violinist. Brother Cadfael See under ...

Big Brother

Big Brother   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
47 words

...Brother The head of the Party in George Orwell 's Nineteen Eighty‐Four who never appears in person, but whose portrait, with the caption ‘Big Brother is watching you’, dominates every public space. The reality television programme Big Brother owes its name to Orwell's...

Big Brother

Big Brother n   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Science Fiction

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...Brother n after Big Brother, the head of state in George Orwell's novel Nineteen Eighty-Four an all-powerful, all-seeing, authoritarian ruler or government. 1949 G. Orwell Nineteen Eighty-Four 209 One could infer […] the general structure of Oceanic society. At the apex of the pyramid comes Big Brother. Big Brother is infallible and all-powerful […]. Nobody has ever seen Big Brother. He is a face on the hoardings, a voice on the telescreen. 1957 Economist (Oct.) 208/2 The reporting to the Privy Council of any evidence discovered by this court...

Big Brother

Big Brother   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
35 words

...Brother The head of the Party in George Orwell 's Nineteen Eighty‐Four who never appears in person, but whose portrait, with the caption ‘Big Brother is watching you’, dominates every public...

Big Brother

Big Brother   Quick reference

Lincoln Allison

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
89 words

...Brother In George Orwell ’s 1984 , the embodiment of state power is ‘Big Brother’, a middle-aged man pictured almost everywhere and said to be always watching the people. Big Brother was, thus, a powerful, literary image of totalitarianism. For Orwell, he combined elements of Hitler and Stalin , but perhaps also Lord Reith (the first chairman of the BBC), God, and Winston Churchill . The image of Big Brother has entered political language and propaganda and is used to connote the all-embracing power of the state. Lincoln...

Brother Jonathan

Brother Jonathan   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
20 words

...Brother Jonathan , sobriquet applied to America and the American people, which has been largely supplanted by the name Uncle Sam....

Big Brother

Big Brother ([Lit.])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
119 words

...Brother [Lit.] A character in George *Orwell 's novel *Nineteen Eighty-Four ( 1949 ). Big Brother is the head of the totalitarian Party and dictator of the state in which Winston Smith lives. His portrait, with the caption ‘Big Brother is watching you’, is ubiquitous. > A person or government that is ever present and watches people at all times He censored our reading, selected our playmates—we weren't allowed many—and watched us like Big Brother. Barbara Michaels Search the Shadows 1988 Under new Big Brother legislation, Whitehall departments,...

Brother Lawrence

Brother Lawrence (c.1614–1691)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
56 words

... Lawrence of the Resurrection ( Nicolas Herman ) ( c. 1614–1691 ), Carmelite lay brother and mystic. His writings, published after his death as Maximes spirituelles ( 1692 ) and Mœurs et entretiens de F. Laurent ( 1694 ), recommend an elevated form of prayer consisting in the simple practice of the presence of God, whether by the imagination or the...

lay brother

lay brother   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
316 words

...brother The Cluniacs and other monastic orders had used lay brothers during the 11th century, but the idea was developed in a new way and on a much greater scale by the Cistercians . Although all Cistercian monks were supposed to do physical work, the amount of time that was available after liturgical exercises and periods devoted to study was too limited for producing sufficient food for the monastic community. The order therefore decided to accept lay brothers and employ hired labour, both at the monastery and at distant granges . Lay brothers entered...

blood brother

blood brother   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
238 words

...brother Fictive *kinship relationship apparently entered into by exchanging *oaths . Although the phenomenon is known cross-culturally, the most important medieval manifestations are from the North. The terms used in ON-Icelandic are eiðbróðir (‘oath-brother’), svarabróðir (‘sworn-brother’), and fóstbróðir (‘foster-brother’), the latter two being most widely attested in the sagas. The historical literary evidence situates blood brotherhood in the mechanisms of blood *feud , insofar as the oaths taken require the participants to avenge one...

Timothy, Brother

Timothy, Brother   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Opera Characters (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
38 words

...Brother ( Maw : The Rising of the Moon ). The only monk remaining in the monastery now used as the officers’ mess for the 31st Royal Lancers stationed in Ireland. Created ( 1970 ) by Alexander Oliver...

lay brother

lay brother   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
66 words

...brother , lay sister . A member of a religious order who is not bound to the recitation of the Divine Office and is occupied in manual work. The institution originated in the 11th cent. The Second Vatican Council in 1965 required that lay brothers should be drawn into the heart of the community's life and that, if possible, there should be only one category of...

Ashworth, Brother

Ashworth, Brother   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Ashworth, Brother , an alias of Alexander Percy (Duke of Northangerland ), used chiefly when he preaches at Slugg St Methodist Chapel in Verdopolis , in the Glass Town and Angrian saga . The ‘disguise’ is employed to disseminate republicanism amongst the masses. Branwell, in particular, uses Brother Ashworth to parody Methodist revival meetings and Primitive Methodist hymns (see, for example, Neufeldt BBP , pp. 506–8, and Neufeldt BB Works , 3....

My Brother

My Brother   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
79 words

...My Brother , My Sisters Ballet in one act with choreography by MacMillan , music by Schoenberg and Webern , designs by Y. Sonnabend . Premiered 21 May 1978 by the Stuttgart Ballet with Cragun , Keil , Montagnon , and Reid Anderson . The ballet reveals the violent relationships between a brother and his five sisters, who live in a dangerous fantasy world. The ballet also features a mysterious figure known as He who haunts the background. MacMillan revived it for the Royal Ballet in 1980...

Brother Man

Brother Man   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference

...commitment. There are three central pairs of characters: Brother Man and Minette, a young woman who is physically attracted to him but whom he apparently thinks of only as a daughter; Girlie and Papacita, who passes counterfeit coins and whose moral degeneracy contrasts with Brother Man's spiritual purity; and the sisters Jesmina and the disturbed Cordelia, who represents a force for evil. Papacita desires Minette and vows to find a way to separate her from Brother Man. The discrediting of Brother Man begins when counterfeit coins are found planted in his...

Brother Jonathan

Brother Jonathan   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
102 words

... Jonathan , sobriquet applied to America and the American people, which has been largely supplanted by the name Uncle Sam. The most commonly accepted origin attributes the term to Washington , who supposedly relied on the advice of Jonathan Trumbull , and once in a moment of perplexity remarked, “We must consult Brother Jonathan.” The legend is questionable, since no contemporary evidence exists, and the British used the term as early as the 17th century in alluding to the Roundheads or Puritans. In the U.S. it often refers to a Yankee, as in the novel...

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