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booty

Subject: History

‘It is a law established for all time among all men that when a city is taken in war, the persons and the property of its inhabitants belong to the captors’ (Xenophon, Cyropaedia). ‘Booty’ ...

booty

booty   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Idioms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
36 words

... shake your booty dance energetically. informal 🅘 Booty in this context means ‘buttocks’ (it originated in African American slang in the 1920s, probably as an alteration of botty , itself a shortened form of bottom...

Booty

Booty   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
296 words

... [Paris 1938 ] 98f), one-sixth of the collected booty was reserved for the imperial treasury and the remainder given out to the soldiery. Interestingly, officers did not receive booty in addition to their wages unless they had distinguished themselves in battle; their reward came out of the imperial share. The Ecloga 16.1–2 states that booty and gratuities granted to soldiers counted among peculium castrense . Details from historical sources show practice at variance with theory in the distribution of booty and revenues derived therefrom. Ibn Ḥawqal ...

booty

booty   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
172 words

... ‘According to a former rule of the Law of Nations, all enemy property, public or private, which a belligerent could get hold of on the battlefield was booty and could be appropriated. … [I]t is obvious from Articles 4 and 14 of the Hague Regulations [respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land annexed to Hague Convention IV of 18 October 1907 , 205 C.T.S. 277 ] as well as from Article 18 [of the Prisoners of War Convention of 12 August 1949 , 75 U.N.T.S. 135 ] that it is now obsolete as regards private enemy property, except military papers, arms,...

booty

booty   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
94 words

... , a form of prize which, when a ship was captured at sea, was permitted to be distributed among the captors at once. In an old definition it was everything that could be picked up by hand above the main deck, all else in the ship having to be legally condemned by a prize court before its value could be distributed among the captors. As may be imagined, it was a custom which allowed of much abuse. This form of prize ‘pickings’ was abolished at the end of the Napoleonic War ( 1803–15...

booty

booty   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
278 words

... ‘It is a law established for all time among all men that when a city is taken in war, the persons and the property of its inhabitants belong to the captors’ (Xenophon, Cyropaedia ). ‘Booty’ referred not just to movable and inanimate objects (e.g. precious metals), but could include animals and livestock, human beings, and even whole cities and territory. War was one of the major suppliers of the slave trade ( see slavery ). It was rare after Homer for wars to be fought solely and openly for acquisitive purposes. But it was always assumed that success in...

booty

booty   Reference library

Michel Austin

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
307 words

... ‘It is a law established for all time among all men that when a city is taken in war, the persons and the property of its inhabitants belong to the captors’ (Xen. Cyr . 7. 5. 73). This universal ancient conception is reflected in the wide range of meanings of the ancient terminology for ‘booty’ (notably leia , laphura , and ōpheleia in Greek, praeda and spolia in Latin). It referred not just to movable and inanimate objects (e.g. precious metals), but could also include animals and livestock, human beings, and even whole cities and territory. War,...

booty

booty   Reference library

Michel Mervyn Austin

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
375 words

... ‘It is a law established for all time among all men that when a city is taken in war, the persons and the property of its inhabitants belong to the captors’ ( Xen. Cyr. 7. 5. 73). This universal ancient conception is reflected in the wide range of meanings of the ancient terminology for ‘booty’ (notably λεία, λάφυρα, and ὠφέλεια in Greek, praeda and spolia in Latin). It referred not just to movable and inanimate objects (e.g. precious metals), but could also include animals and livestock, human beings, and even whole cities and territory. War, for...

Booty

Booty (240)   Reference library

Dictionary of American Family Names

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
8 words

... (240) English (East Anglia and Essex): unexplained....

booty

booty adj. (US black/W.I./UK black teen)   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
142 words

... adj. [? fig. use of booty n. 2 (3) as a negative in the same way as arse n. is used] ( US black/W.I./UK black teen ) 1 weak. 1997–2000 College Sl. Research Project (Cal. State Poly. Uni., Pomona) [Internet] Booty ( adj. ) 1. Corny. 2. Weak. 2 second-rate, inferior. 1989 LL Cool J ‘It Gets No Rougher’ [lyrics] The competition is booty, get the picture now? 1990 Big Daddy Kane ‘Down the Line’ [lyrics] But your rhymes are so booty you should write 'em on White Cloud. 1991 Tribe Called Quest ‘Scenario’ [lyrics] our booty rhymes...

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booty   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
18 words

... plunder XV. of uncert. orig.; Cf. (O)F. butin (whence Eng. † butin XV–VII) — MLG. būte exchange,...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Word Origins (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
104 words

... [LME] The original core meaning of booty was ‘to distribute’. Victors in war divided the booty stolen from an enemy among themselves. The modern American word meaning ‘a person's bottom or buttocks’ is unconnected. It is probably an alteration of botty [L19th] in the same sense, itself an alteration of bottom , an Old English word used for the buttocks since the late 18th century. If someone urges you to shake your booty , they want you to dance energetically. A sexy woman has been bootylicious since 1994 , although the word was popularized by the...

Booty

Booty   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
108 words

...in Poll Tax (Semington, Wilts); Robert Booty , 1565 in IGI (Lowestoft, Suffolk); George Booty , 1570 in IGI (West Stow, Suffolk). Booty, 1881 frequency. © Archer...

booty

booty n. 1   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
675 words

... n. 1 ▪ In phrases play booty ( v. ) ( also booty , bowl booty , cast booty , cry booty , fight booty , ride booty ) to cheat in cards or dice (occas. bowls), usu. in conspiracy with a confederate. The result of such play is either to gang up on a third party, and share the resulting profits or ‘booty’, or deliberately to play to lose; also in fig. use; similarly used of horseracing (see cit. 1796 ) where a jockey deliberately loses. c. 1561 Awdeley Fraternitye of Vacabondes in Viles & Furnivall ( 1907 ) 9: They thus ticklyng the...

booty

booty noun (orig US)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Modern Slang (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
54 words

... noun orig US 1 Sexual intercourse; a person (esp. a woman) regarded as an object of sexual ambition or desire. 1926 –. 2 Buttocks. 1959 – (but prob. in use much earlier). New York Times This is a woman's best part…A skirt has to scoop under the booty ( 1999 ). [Prob. an alteration of botty noun...

booty

booty n. 2   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
1,458 words

...Primer at www.dolemite.com [Internet] booty ho Definition: a ho that you hate but you wanna stick yo shit in her booty Example: Damn Jennet is a mad booty-ho! booty juice ( n. ) [sense 1 + juice n. 1 (2)] ( US black ) a mix of sweat and vaginal juices. 2000 Ebonics Primer at www.dolemite.com [Internet] booty juice Definition: mixture of female ejaculate and sweat formed between the vagina and anus. Example: Damn girl,I just luvs to drinks dat booty juice . ▪ In phrases bust some booty ( v. ) ( US black ) 1 to perform sexual...

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
108 words

... • almighty , Aphrodite, Blighty, flighty, mighty, nightie, whitey • ninety • feisty • dotty , grotty, hottie, knotty, Lanzarote, Lottie, Pavarotti, potty, Scottie, snotty, spotty, totty, yachtie, zloty • lofty , softie • Solti • novelty • Brontë , démenti, Monte, Monty, Visconti • frosty • forty , haughty, naughty, pianoforte, rorty, shorty, sortie, sporty, UB40, warty • balti , faulty, salty • flaunty , jaunty • doughty , outie, pouty, snouty • bounty , county, Mountie • frowsty • viscounty • Capote , coatee, coyote, dhoti, floaty,...

booty

booty n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words
booty

booty n [u]   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Spanish Dictionary: English-Spanish (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
6 words
booty

booty 2 noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
68 words
booty

booty noun   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford American Thesaurus (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
22 words

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