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Overview

bootstrapping operations

(USA).

Another and early name for management buy-outs.

bootstrapping operations

bootstrapping operations (USA)   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... operations (USA) . Another and early name for management buy-outs...

bootstrapping operations

bootstrapping operations  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(USA).Another and early name for management buy-outs.
management buy-out

management buy-out   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... equity . Buy-outs are funded largely by loans secured against the existing assets of the company or business being acquired, usually from institutional investors , in the form of senior debt . Management buy-outs began in the USA during the 1960s and were known as bootstrapping operations . They were used mostly as a way for private companies to raise money by selling activities to managers. The buy-out market has developed differently in the USA compared to the UK or Continental Europe, with no distinction being made in the USA between management...

Psycholinguistics

Psycholinguistics   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
10,033 words

...innate and being merely triggered by an adequate stimulus (as in early phonetic learning). Statistical learning is a major mechanism that we share with other mammals (Hauser et al. 2001 ), applying widely to the phonetic, phonological, morphological, and syntactic domains. Boot-strapping is a special case: the child uses correlational evidence to bridge from known to as yet unknown distinctions. The classical case is the acquisition of the syntactic noun-verb distinction from available, correlated evidence about objects versus actions, but the potential...

The Somatic Marker Hypothesis and Political Life

The Somatic Marker Hypothesis and Political Life   Reference library

Marco Verweij and Antonio Damasio

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Political Decision Making

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
6,827 words

...think, talk, feel, behave, and interact are in principle limitless. They appear to agree with Wheeler and Clark ( 2008 , p. 3572), who presented the human brain as “a cognitive machine intrinsically geared to self-transformation, artefact-based expansion and a snowballing/bootstrapping process of computational and representational growth,” as a result of which human nature is distinguished by its “continual openness to radical cognitive change.” Any attempts in the social sciences to uncover regularities are therefore futile at best and covert exercises in...

Cognitive Poetics

Cognitive Poetics   Reference library

Ellen Spolsky

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Literary Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022

...world (including our own body and actions) that is causing the changes. The attempt to predict the play of sensory stimulation can thus itself be used gradually to install the very models that will enable the predictions to succeed. The prediction task … is thus a kind of “bootstrapping heaven.” 41 Individual performance plays out differently, depending on the connectivity with other neuronal systems, the strength of available neurotransmitters, and other aspects of the internal environment such as available nourishment, but since the species has survived (so...

What is Development?

What is Development?   Reference library

Gustavo Esteva

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
12,452 words

...of them seem “good”), development assistance, and the formulation of new paradigms and language. As Rahnema explains, a radical critique of the development enterprise does not throw the baby out with the bathwater or suggest that the so-called poor should adopt localistic bootstrapping alternatives, or even less to accommodate to their miserable conditions, romanticizing poverty and ingenious survival skills. What people are doing, by the millions, hundreds of millions, often includes a vigorous struggle in several fronts: • resisting additional dispossession...

Computational Linguistics

Computational Linguistics   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
17,923 words
Illustration(s):
2

...a refractory problem. The number of semantic and factual details underlying interpretation and understanding is so huge that much current research looks toward learning , often based on scanning large computerized corpora of annotated or unannotated texts, as a way of bootstrapping NLP systems toward levels of increased competence. See also Pragmatics and Contextual Semantics ; Cognitive Science ; Sociolinguistics ; Scripts, Frames, and Schemas ; and Semantics . Bibliography Allen, James . 1995. Natural language understanding . Redwood City,...

bootstrap

bootstrap   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
255 words
bootstrap

bootstrap   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
294 words

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