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book

1 The totality of the purchases and sales that make up a trader's position. The terms long book, short book, and open book are used synonymously with long position, short ...

Native North American art

Native North American art   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
56,066 words
Illustration(s):
17

...eras of collecting and were now promoting basketry as expressions of cultural identity and individual artistry and technique. Famed Pomoan basketry artist Elsie Allen authored a book, Pomo Basketmaking: A Supreme Art for the Weaver, in 1972 that explained the technique of Pomo basketry while Mabel McKay 's spiritual approach to basketry became the subject of the book Mabel McKay—Weaving the Dream by Greg Sarris , which appeared in 1994 as part of the Portraits of American Genius series. California basketmaking as art form became the emphasis at...

copy-book

copy-book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
18 words

...book A book in which copies, usually produced by *writing-master s, are written or printed as models for...

price book

price book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
23 words

...book A publication including a list of prices charged in a particular trade, for example, a builder’s or a printer’s price book...

address book

address book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
50 words

...book Personal book that typically includes spaces for friends’ and contacts’ names, addresses, telephone numbers, email addresses, and birthdays. Address book s may be soft-, hard-, or spiral-bound or offer page refills to facilitate editing or appending information. Software applications are available for computerized address book s. Ellen D....

prayer book

prayer book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
51 words

...book Any book enabling someone to read a liturgy or religious service. Typically intended for individual use, prayer book s—such as *breviaries , *books of hours, the * Book of Common Prayer , siddurim, and some *missals —are generally produced in small *formats for easy transport and handling. Michael F. Suarez,...

white book

white book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
55 words

...book [medieval Lat. liber albus ; see also album ] A book of official records or reports bound in white; the counterpart to a black book ( liber niger ). In Britain, the term (with capital initials) denotes the book first published in 1882 as Annual Chancery Practice , now called Supreme Court Practice . Michael F. Suarez,...

cloth book

cloth book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
102 words

...book ( rag book ) Brightly coloured picture-book for small children, made of cotton or polyester to allow the book to be washed and to avoid tearing; modern cloth book s sometimes include other appliquéd fabrics to enhance their textures. They usually contain nursery rhymes, highly abridged fairy tales, *ABC s, and themed picture-books. Typically between 18 and 22 cm high and often squarish, cloth book s are about 8–12 pages long, to facilitate *sewing down the left edge. Cloth book s originated in the mid-19 th century, the most prolific producer...

guard book

guard book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
97 words

...book ( stub book ) A book prepared with sewn-in guards or stubs for the subsequent attachment of additional material—clippings, photographs, *maps , *plate s, MSS, or whatever the case may be. The guards should be of sufficient quantity and thickness to allow the insertion of the anticipated additional material without straining or damaging the construction of the book. MSS may be mounted in guard book s by *gatherings or *quires or parts of them; if they are mounted leaf by leaf, the construction of the original MS may be hard to determine. See...

leaf book

leaf book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
118 words

...book Book built around a *leaf or leaves of a rare printed book or MS, especially a bible, *incunable , or *private press book. Leaf book s originated with F. *Fry ’s Description of the Great Bible ( 1865 ), containing leaves from fourteen printings of the English Bible. The first book based around a single leaf was from Caxton’s first edition of The * Canterbury Tales ( *Caxton Club , 1905 ); probably the most influential, A Noble Fragment ( 1921 ), featured the *Gutenberg Bible and was introduced by A. E. *Newton . Published predominantly...

book stand

book stand   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
143 words
Illustration(s):
1

... stand A sloping stand to prop books upright, usually on a desk, with a ledge at the bottom on which to rest the book, and a support at the back. Book stand s are usually wooden, adjustable, and sometimes collapsible. Although stationary stands for single books are the norm, stands may rotate and may have two or more sides. Book stand s can be traced back to the Renaissance or earlier: in some Renaissance MSS and pictures scribes are shown copying, with their *exemplar on a book stand placed above their desk. See also book wheel. A revolving book...

book tokens

book tokens   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
151 words

... tokens Gift certificates for books; also a system for selling, marketing, or giving away generally unspecified books. Book tokens are used to encourage book sales, either by a country or a local body promoting reading in general or by a company hoping to increase sales. The token is a voucher (generally a card) that bears stamps, or otherwise indicates a monetary value or a number of books, entitling the recipient to exchange the token for a book or books in any participating bookshop, or (as is sometimes the case) through a particular book club or in...

bank book

bank book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
55 words

...book ( passbook ) A book for recording the transactions of a deposit account at a bank. Typically, it records the date of the deposit or withdrawal, the amount, and the updated balance. Bank book s are typically small and thin—and hence easily inserted into a machine for repeated printing. See also chequebook . Alexis...

book-louse

book-louse   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
47 words

...-louse ( lepinotus ) A smooth, grey, soft-bodied insect of the order Psocoptera , which feeds on paper and is attracted to book-mould. Book-lice are 1–2 mm long with thread-like antennae and scale-like wing pads. They require high humidity for survival. Karen Attar M.-L. Florian , Heritage Eaters ...

cellar book

cellar book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
50 words

...book In the wine trade, a utilitarian stock-book of wines purchased, stored, and sold. Among oenophiles, a record of successive tastings, and of the company in which choice bottles were consumed. George Saintsbury’s Notes on a Cellar Book ( 1920 ) may still be read with envious pleasure. Brian...

Book Society

Book Society   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
97 words

... Society British book club, founded 1929 . Like its American counterpart the *Book-of-the-Month Club , the Book Society used a panel of experts—including J. B. Priestley and Hugh Walpole—to select books. Titles were then sold (not republished, as with some other clubs) at full price by mail order, reaching remote corners of Britain and the empire. Publishers welcomed the Club, but booksellers feared it would threaten their business. Other clubs followed the Society’s success, including V. *Gollancz ’s *Left Book Club . The *paperback *imprint *Pan ...

colouring book

colouring book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
111 words

...book A book printed with line art, for a reader to colour at will, originally with paint, subsequently with crayons. The earliest known example, The Little Folks’ Painting Book , appeared in New York in 1879 . The genre boomed in the 20 th century and was commercialized through links with comic strips, cinema, and television, such as the Mickey Mouse Colouring Book ( 1931 ). Yet the genre’s feel-good, educative features lent themselves to parody and antithesis: the Black Panther Colouring Book ( 1968 ), probably an FBI forgery, has...

visitors’ book

visitors’ book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
100 words

...book A book in which visitors may write their names, addresses, the date of their visit, and comments. Visitors’ book s may be held by hotels, guesthouses or restaurants, museums, stately homes and other public attractions, churches, exhibitions, or private individuals. They originated in the first half of the 19 th century: Shakespeare’s Birthplace in Stratford-upon-Avon has visitors’ book s dating from 1812 , and a letter published in The Times of 9 December 1836 speaks of visiting Bledlow Workhouse and suggesting an amendment via the ...

birthday book

birthday book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
165 words

...book The term originated in the mid-19 th century to denote an *anthology given as a birthday present. The first instance of the term’s use occurred in The Times of 31 August 1859 , which advertised as a new birthday gift The Boys’ Birthday Book . An illustrated collection of tales, essays, and narratives of adventure by Mrs S. C. Hall and others, it was soon joined by The Girls’ Birthday Book . By 1876 , when The Shakespeare Birthday Book appeared, the phrase had taken on its more common meaning of a book in *diary form with space for...

Book History

Book History   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
40 words

... History Annual ( 1998 – ) sponsored by *SHARP . It aims to publish articles on every aspect of the history of the book in its social, cultural, and economic dimensions in all fields, methods, and periods. A. S. G....

girdle book

girdle book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
108 words

...book A book bound for easy portability. Common in the Middle Ages (particularly in Germany), girdle book s were favoured by religious travellers, such as pilgrims and members of the mendicant orders. The *leaves were stitched into one large piece of *leather ( see chemise ), which bore flaps that could be fastened around a girdle or belt. The few girdle book s that survive show varying methods of attaching the book to the girdle: ties, metal rings, or toggles. Richard Ovenden U. Bruckner , ‘ Das Beutelbuch und seine Verwandten: der Hülleneinband,...

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