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blackshirt

Subject: History

The colloquial name given to the Squadre d'Azione (Action Squad), the national combat groups, founded in Italy in 1919. Organized along paramilitary lines, they wore black shirts and ...

Blackshirt

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
82 words

... The colloquial name given to the Squadre d’Azione (Action Squads), the national combat groups, founded in Italy in 1919 . Organized along paramilitary lines, they wore black shirts and patrolled cities to fight socialism and communism by violent means. In 1921 they were incorporated into the Fascist Party ( see fascism ) as a national militia. The SS in Nazi Germany and the followers of Oswald Mosley ’s British Union of Fascists in the 1930s were also known as Blackshirts...

Blackshirt

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
88 words

... • advert , alert, animadvert, assert, avert, Bert, blurt, Burt, cert, chert, concert, controvert, convert, curt, desert, dessert, dirt, divert, exert, flirt, girt, hurt, inert, insert, introvert, Kurt, malapert, overt, pert, pervert, quirt, shirt, skirt, spirt, spurt, squirt, Sturt, subvert, vert, wort, yurt • Engelbert • Colbert • sweatshirt • nightshirt • pay dirt • Frankfurt • miniskirt • underskirt • expert • Blackshirt • redshirt • T-shirt • Brownshirt • undershirt • extrovert • ragwort • milkwort • pillwort • nipplewort • lungwort •...

Blackshirt

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Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... . The gentleman thief or amateur cracksman, real name Richard Verrell , in Bruce Graeme's bestselling novel named after him ( 1925 ). He is always scrupulously dressed in black, his evening dress complemented by black hood, black silk gloves, black shoes, black socks and black shirt. He has a special pocket from which, after his derring-do, he springs out an opera hat to set rakishly on his head as he sets out for home. The elegant hero appeared in many more books by Graeme , whose real name was Graham Montague Jeffries , and after the Second World...

blackshirt

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... a member of a Fascist organization, in particular, (in Italy) a member of a paramilitary group founded in the 1920s by Benito Mussolini , and (in the UK) a supporter of Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists, founded in 1932...

Blackshirt

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Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words
blackshirt

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
74 words
Blackshirt

Blackshirt noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
98 words
Blackshirt

Blackshirt noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
91 words
blackshirt

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
101 words
blackshirt

blackshirt noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
53 words
blackshirt

blackshirt  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The colloquial name given to the Squadre d'Azione (Action Squad), the national combat groups, founded in Italy in 1919. Organized along paramilitary lines, they wore black shirts and patrolled cities ...
Blackshirts

Blackshirts   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... , Italian Fascist militia, who wore black shirts as part of their uniform, later copied by Mosley 's followers in the UK. See fascism and Italy ,...

Blackshirts

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
67 words

...Blackshirts ( camicie nere ) The colloquial name given to the members of Mussolini 's paramilitary Squadre d'Azione ( ‘Action Squad’ ) after the black shirts of their uniform. They were founded in 1919 to fight socialist and Communist groups in the streets and disrupt their meetings, as well as to maintain law and order within the Fascist movement itself. See also mvsn ; Brownshirts ; ...

Blackshirts

Blackshirts   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... . Mussolini's Italian Fascists, who wore black shirts, as did their English imitators. The name was also used in Nazi Germany for Himmler's ss , by contrast with the Brownshirts ( see sa ). See also Fascism ; Mosleyites ; Waffen SS...

Giacomo Matteotti

Giacomo Matteotti  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1885–1924)Italian socialist leader. A member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies, he began in 1921 to organize the United Socialist Party. He openly accused Mussolini and his Blackshirts of winning ...
MVSN

MVSN  

(Milizia Volontaria per la Sicurezza Nazionale, Voluntary Militia for National Security) (Italy)Created in January 1923 to establish a militia answerable to Mussolini alone, it initially consisted ...
Italo Balbo

Italo Balbo  

(b. 6 June 1896, d. 28 June 1940).Italian Fascist After participating in World War I he became a leader of the Fascist blackshirts. He organized the March on Rome in 1922, and in 1923 was appointed ...
March on Rome

March on Rome  

(27– 9 Oct. 1922)The events that led to Mussolini's seizure of power. On 27 October the Fascist movement mobilized, and attempted to cut off all lines of communication to the capital in order to ...
Brownshirt

Brownshirt  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Member of an early Nazi paramilitary organization, the Sturmabteilung or SA (‘assault division’). The Brownshirts, recruited from various rough elements of society, were founded by Adolf Hitler in ...
British Union of Fascists

British Union of Fascists  

The BUF was founded in 1932 by Sir Oswald Mosley's New Party and various small British fascist groups. The Blackshirts, a paramilitary organization, were formed in self‐defence against attacks from ...

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