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battle of Tannenberg

(1410), also known as the battle of Grünwald, the decisive engagement of the ‘Great War’ of 1409–11, in which Polish-Lithuanian-Russian forces defeated the military monastic ...

Tannenberg, Battle of

Tannenberg, Battle of (23–31 Aug. 1914)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
225 words

...the Germans had relatively few casualties and took 137,000 prisoners of war. The battle ended the threat of a Russian invasion, but at a time when German advances to the west were disappointing, its psychological effects were even more important. It transformed Ludendorff and especially Hindenburg into mythical figures, and their position was so strong that they became virtual dictators of Germany 1916–18 . Especially in the late stages of World War II, the image of Tannenberg was often invoked in Nazi propaganda to encourage a belief in ultimate...

Tannenberg, battle of

Tannenberg, battle of (1410)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., battle of ( 1410 ), also known as the battle of Grünwald, the decisive engagement of the ‘Great War’ of 1409–11 , in which Polish-Lithuanian-Russian forces defeated the military monastic order of the Teutonic Knights, who ruled the region from their vast, forbidding castle-monastery at Marienburg (Malbork). The Polish King Wladislaw II Jagello led a multinational force of about 30,000 Poles, Lithuanians, Russians, Czechs, and even Mongols towards Marienburg. On 14 July, moving north-west, they encountered the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order,...

Tannenberg, battle of

Tannenberg, battle of (1914)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., battle of ( 1914 ). The first major encounter between the German and the Russian empires in WW I ended in a major tactical victory for the Germans whose mythic significance (revenge for the destruction of the Teutonic Knights in 1410 ) was arguably greater than its military importance. The Schlieffen Plan allowed only token forces to be left for the defence of East Prussia against a Russian army whose significant improvement since the Russo-Japanese war encouraged the belief that it could defeat Germany and Austria-Hungary simultaneously...

Grunwald (Tannenberg), battle of

Grunwald (Tannenberg), battle of (15 July 1410)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
252 words

...(Tannenberg), battle of ( 15 July 1410 ) Fought in southern Prussia. In the process of leading a crusade against pagans, the *Teutonic Knights occupied lands claimed by Christian *Poland and pagan *Lithuania . Nevertheless, after Lithuania converted in 1386 all three cooperated to crush pagan resistance in Samogitia, fight Tatars on the steppe, and suppress piracy in the *Baltic Sea . When an uprising began in Samogitia in 1409 , Grand Master Ulrich von Jungingen suspected that the cousins who ruled Lithuania and Poland, Vytautas and...

battle of Tannenberg

battle of Tannenberg  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1410),also known as the battle of Grünwald, the decisive engagement of the ‘Great War’ of 1409–11, in which Polish-Lithuanian-Russian forces defeated the military monastic order of the Teutonic ...
battle of Masurian Lakes

battle of Masurian Lakes  

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(1914).The destruction of the Russian Second Army at Tannenberg left another Russian army deep in East Prussia, with the Germans badly out of position to deal with it. Even ...
Battle of Grunwald

Battle of Grunwald  

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(15 July 1410)Fought in southern Prussia. In the process of leading a crusade against pagans, the Teutonic Knights occupied lands claimed by Christian Poland and pagan Lithuania. Nevertheless, after ...
eastern front

eastern front  

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(1914–18).The German elite accepted war in 1914, in part because it feared the long-term build-up of Russian military strength. The pretext for escalating from a local war to a ...
I Weltkriege

I Weltkriege  

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Subject:
Literature
(1914–18 War).The war, the causes of which are still to some extent a matter of controversy, was occasioned by the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28 ...
memorials

memorials  

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Memorials have been a feature of the commemoration of war since early recorded history. They were once largely triumphalist. The pharaoh Tuthmosis III (1479–1425 bc) erected two obelisks to proclaim ...
Masuren

Masuren  

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Subject:
Literature
A district of the former Prussian province of East Prussia (see Ostpreussen), largely covered with forest and with innumerable lakes. During the 1914–18 War it was the scene of two ...
military monastic orders

military monastic orders  

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Came into being after the First Crusade. Hugh de Payns and a small group of knights elected themselves the guards of pilgrims visiting Jerusalem and the River Jordan c.1119 and ...
Ostpreußen

Ostpreußen  

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Subject:
Literature
A former Prussian province (Provinz), is now partly Lithuanian, partly Russian, and partly Polish territory. The north-eastern area around Königsberg (now Kaliningrad) has been incorporated into ...
wagenburg

wagenburg  

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A mobile fort assembled by drawing wagons into a defensive circle, like the Wild West wagon circle or the Boer laager. The first references are from the time of Julius ...
SIGINT

SIGINT  

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Overview Page
Is an abbreviation of signals intelligence, as opposed to humint or human intelligence (for which, see spies). In addition to the entry below, see Combined Bureau Middle East, Far East ...
Jan Žižka

Jan Žižka  

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(c.1376–1424),Hussite general. Serving in the court of King Vaclav (Wenceslas) IV of Bohemia, Zizka took part in numerous campaigns in Poland, where in addition to gaining much experience, he ...
Paul von Hindenburg

Paul von Hindenburg  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1847–1934)German general and statesman. He fought at the Battle of Königgratz (Sadowa) and in the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71) and retired in 1911. He was recalled to active service at the outbreak ...
Erich Ludendorff

Erich Ludendorff  

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Subject:
History
(1865–1937)German general. Shortly after the outbreak of World War I he was appointed Chief of Staff to General von Hindenburg and they jointly directed the war effort until the final offensive ...
radio

radio  

1. The first electronic mass medium of communication, involving an audio signal broadcast wirelessly in the form of radio waves from a high-power transmitter to a low-power receiver (radio set). ...
World War I

World War I  

(1914–18)A war fought between the Allied Powers – Britain, France, Russia, Japan, and Serbia – who were joined in the course of the war by Italy (1915), Portugal and Romania (1916), the USA and ...

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