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battle of Sedgemoor

A battle fought in 1685 on the plain of Sedgemoor in Somerset, in which the forces of the rebel Duke of Monmouth, who had landed in Dorset as champion of the Protestant cause and pretender ...

Sedgemoor, Battle of

Sedgemoor, Battle of (1685)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
36 words

..., Battle of (July 16, 1685 ) Defeat of an English rebellion led by the Duke of Monmouth against James II . An attempt to launch a surprise night attack by the untrained rebel forces ended in...

Sedgemoor, Battle of

Sedgemoor, Battle of (6 July 1685)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
86 words

..., Battle of ( 6 July 1685 ) The decisive battle of Monmouth’s Rebellion , fought near Westonzoyland in Somerset. Monmouth was blocked in his retreat from Bristol by the army of James II , commanded by Lord Feversham and John Churchill (later Duke of Marlborough ). Monmouth attempted a night attack to give his raw recruits some advantage over the professional royalist army, but his plans miscarried and he suffered a crushing defeat. The battle proved to be the last fought on English...

Sedgemoor, battle of

Sedgemoor, battle of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
148 words

..., battle of , 1685 . Sedgemoor was that most desperate of ventures, a surprise night attack. Monmouth landed at Lyme Regis on 11 June 1685 and was proclaimed king at Taunton on the 20th. But he gained little support and his scratch army failed to take Bristol or Bath. He was pursued to Bridgwater by a royal army under Lord Feversham, with John Churchill, the future duke of Marlborough , as second in command. The royal army drew up east of Bridgwater, behind the line of the Bussex rhine, a waterlogged ditch. On the night of 5 July, Monmouth led out...

Sedgemoor, battle of

Sedgemoor, battle of (1685)   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
225 words

..., battle of , 1685 . Sedgemoor was that most desperate of ventures, a surprise night attack. Monmouth landed at Lyme Regis on 11 June 1685 and was proclaimed king at Taunton on the 20th. But he gained little support from the gentry or nobility and his scratch army failed to take Bristol or Bath. He was pursued to Bridgwater by a royal army under Lord Feversham , with John Churchill , the future duke of Marlborough , as second in command. Monmouth’s men outnumbered their opponents, but Feversham’s were trained soldiers. The royal army drew up east...

Sedgemoor, battle of

Sedgemoor, battle of (1685)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., battle of ( 1685 ). When the Catholic James II succeeded to the throne in February 1685 , his half-brother the Duke of Monmouth was pressed to lead a rising which would be synchronized with a rebellion by the Earl of Argyll in Scotland. Monmouth landed at Lyme Regis on 11 June and was proclaimed king in Taunton. Local men—but few notables—flocked to join him, and he had the best of a clash with the Earl of Feversham's royal army on the 27th. He then heard that Argyll had been executed, and fell back to Bridgwater. Feversham followed, establishing...

Sedgemoor, Battle of

Sedgemoor, Battle of   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

..., Battle of a battle fought in 1685 on the plain of Sedgemoor in Somerset, in which the forces of the rebel Duke of Monmouth , who had landed in Dorset as champion of the Protestant cause and pretender to the throne, were decisively defeated by James II's...

Sedgemoor, Battle of

Sedgemoor, Battle of   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
65 words
Sedgemoor, Battle of

Sedgemoor, Battle of   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
68 words
Sedgemoor, Battle of

Sedgemoor, Battle of   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
50 words
Sedgemoor, Battle of

Sedgemoor, Battle of   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
57 words
Sedgemoor, Battle of

Sedgemoor, Battle of   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
49 words
battle of Sedgemoor

battle of Sedgemoor  

A battle fought in 1685 on the plain of Sedgemoor in Somerset, in which the forces of the rebel Duke of Monmouth, who had landed in Dorset as champion of the Protestant cause and pretender to the ...
Monmouth's rebellion

Monmouth's rebellion  

(1685)An insurrection in south-west England against James II, led by the Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate son of Charles II. The Duke of Argyll led a revolt in Scotland against James and persuaded ...
1st duke of Marlborough, John Churchill

1st duke of Marlborough, John Churchill  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1650–1722)English general. He was appointed commander of British and Dutch troops in the War of the Spanish Succession and won a series of victories over the French armies of Louis XIV, most notably ...
bloody

bloody  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Covered with blood or involving bloodshed and cruelty. The adjective is used informally to express anger, annoyance, or shock; recorded in English from the mid 17th century, the origin of the term is ...
Somerset

Somerset  

Forms the southern hinterland of the Bristol channel and has an unusual variety of topographical features—the bare Mendips north of Wells, the marshes around Glastonbury, the wooded Quantocks west of ...
James II

James II  

King of England and Ireland, James VII of Scotland, b. 14 Oct. 1633, 2nd s. of Charles I and Henrietta Maria; acc. 6 Feb. 1685; deemed to have abdic. 11 Dec. 1688; m. (1) Anne, da. of Edward Hyde ...
Monmouth, James Scott, Duke of

Monmouth, James Scott, Duke of (1649–85)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
96 words

...of ( 1649–85 ) English noble , illegitimate son of Charles II . As captain general, Monmouth defeated the Scots at Bothwell Bridge ( 1679 ). Allied with the Earl of Shaftesbury , he became leader of the Protestant opposition to the succession of the Duke of York (later James II ). The discovery of a plot ( 1683 ) forced Monmouth into exile in Holland. Upon James' accession ( 1685 ), he launched a rebellion. Despite initial success, Monmouth lacked the support of the nobility and was defeated by the Duke of Marlborough at the Battle of Sedgemoor. He...

Monmouth's rebellion

Monmouth's rebellion   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
101 words

... of the Duke of Monmouth to depose the new Catholic king, James II , was supported enthusiastically by Protestant craftsmen and labourers in Dorset and Somerset. Most of the local gentry did not join the rebellion. Monmouth was proclaimed king in Taunton, but was defeated at the battle of Sedgemoor. Over 500 of his followers were killed in battle; many others were hanged or transported to the West Indies in the terrible retribution that followed under Lord Chief Justice Jeffreys ( 1645–89 ). The ‘Bloody Assize’ has remained etched in the folk memory of...

‘Duke's Reappearance, The’

‘Duke's Reappearance, The’   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Hardy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
182 words

...of the Saturday Review , it was collected in A Changed Man and Other Tales . In the latter version ‘several slight touches were added to identify it as a family tradition’ (Purdy 153). When he gave the manuscript to Edward *Clodd , Hardy added a footnote to the first line: ‘Christopher Swetman was one of the author's ancestors on the maternal side’ (Purdy 155). In the Life Hardy states that the *Swetman family ‘seem to have been involved in the Monmouth rising’, and that one ‘indubitably true’ family tradition held that ‘after the Battle of Sedgemoor [...

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