Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

You are looking at 1-20 of 230 entries  for:

  • All: battle of Salamis x
clear all

View:

Overview

battle of Salamis

Subject: History

(480 bc) A naval battle fought in the Aegean Sea during the Greek-Persian wars. Themistocles, the Greek commander, lured the Persian fleet of Xerxes, the Persian king, into the ...

Salamis, Battle of

Salamis, Battle of (480)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
80 words

..., Battle of ( 480 bc ) A naval battle fought in the Aegean Sea during the Greek-Persian wars. Themistocles , the Greek commander, lured the Persian fleet of Xerxes , the Persian king, into the narrow waters between the island of Salamis and the mainland. The outnumbered but nimbler and expertly handled Greek triremes took full advantage of the confusion engendered by the confined space to win a victory that offset the earlier reverses at Thermopylae and...

Salamis, Battle of

Salamis, Battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,166 words

...Battle of Salamis. [ See also Athens ; Herodotus ; Marathon, Battle of ; Parthenon ; Persian Wars ; Plataea ; and Thermopylae, Battle of .] Bibliography Briant, Pierre . From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire . Translated by Peter T. Daniels . Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbraun, 2002. First published in French in 1996. The bible of Achaemenid Persian studies; combines a topical approach and a chronological framework. Green, Peter . The Greco-Persian Wars . Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996. A revision of Xerxes at Salamis ...

Salamis, battle of

Salamis, battle of (480 bc)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., battle of ( 480 bc ). This was the decisive naval encounter of the Graeco-Persian wars . Following three days of indeterminate skirmishing off Artemisium, the Greek fleet fell back to the island of Salamis, and it was here, in the channel between the modern Ambelákia on Salamis and Pérama on the coast of Africa, that the reckoning with Xerxes' navy took place. It is possible that the Persian fleet was induced to move into the channel, at night, by a message from Themistocles , but the Greeks were informed by a deserter and were ready at dawn. It is...

Salamis, battle of

Salamis, battle of (480 bc)   Reference library

John F. Lazenby

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
183 words

..., battle of ( 480 bc ) . The Persians, tempted, perhaps, by a message from Themistocles , moved into the channel between the island and the mainland, almost certainly at night, to confront the Greek fleet, based on the island. Their intention was to surprise the Greeks at their anchorage, and prevent their escape by flanking their lines of retreat, but the Greeks were warned in time by a deserting Tenian ship ( see tenos ). When battle was joined in the morning, the two fleets were almost certainly aligned east–west, with the Persians along the shore...

Salamis, battle of

Salamis, battle of   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
138 words

..., battle of ( 480 bc ). The Persians, tempted, perhaps, by a message from Themistocles , moved into the channel between the island and the mainland, almost certainly at night, to confront the Greek fleet, based on the island. Their intention was to surprise the Greeks at their anchorage, and prevent their escape by flanking their lines of retreat, but the Greeks were warned in time by a deserting ship from Tenos. When battle was joined in the morning, the two fleets were almost certainly aligned east–west, with the Persians along the shore of Attica, and...

Salamis, Battle of

Salamis, Battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
1,996 words

...of California Press, 1996. Hammond, N. G. L. The Battle of Salamis . Journal of Hellenic Studies 76 (1956): 32–54. A detailed survey of the topography of the battle, although his identification of Áyios Yeóryios rather than Lipsokoutáli as the island of Psyttaleia is much disputed. Hammond, N. G. L. The Expedition of Xerxes. In Cambridge Ancient History . Vol. 4: Persia, Greece, and the Western Mediterranean, c. 525 to 479 BC, edited by John Boardman et. al, pp. 518–591. London: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Hignett, C. Xerxes’ Invasion of...

battle of Salamis

battle of Salamis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(480 bc)A naval battle fought in the Aegean Sea during the Greek-Persian wars. Themistocles, the Greek commander, lured the Persian fleet of Xerxes, the Persian king, into the narrow waters between ...
Persian Empire

Persian Empire   Reference library

Oxford Bible Atlas (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
683 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...of Greece, defeating the Spartans at Thermopylae and occupying Athens. But he met a severe defeat in the naval battle of Salamis, and Greece retained its freedom. Revolts and Downfall Artaxerxes I (465–424) overcame revolts in the north‐east (Bactria) and southwest (Egypt) of his empire. It was in his reign that Nehemiah came to Jerusalem ( Neh. 2: 1 ). After the brief (45‐day) reign of...

Israel among the Nations: The Persian Period

Israel among the Nations: The Persian Period   Reference library

Mary Joan Winn Leith

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21,095 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...officials with new appointees charged with enforcing a new legal order in a region of new strategic importance. Whatever the nature of his imperial mission, in the biblical text Ezra's main interest is the problem of mixed marriages and consequently of defining the boundaries of Israelite ethnicity. Because some of Judah's leaders, namely, priests, head the list of guilty persons ( Ezra 10.18 ), Ezra may represent an exclusivist faction of Yahwism battling a more assimilationist local priestly or lay-priestly governing faction. Ezra 10.15 ...

Phayllus

Phayllus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An athlete (see athletics) from Croton in south Italy who gained three victories in the Pythian Games and also fought at Salamis (480 bc; see Salamis, battle of) in a ...
Salamis

Salamis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An island in the Saronic Gulf in Greece, to the west of Athens. The strait between the island and the mainland was the scene in 480 bc of a crushing defeat of the Persian fleet under Xerxes I by the ...
Eurybiades

Eurybiades  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Presumably one of ‘the first in birth and wealth’ (Herodotus 7. 134. 2) among the Spartans, commanded the ‘Hellenic League’ fleet at the battles of Artemisium and Salamis (480 bc). ...
Tīmotheus

Tīmotheus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(c.450–360 bc),of Miletus, famous citharode and dithyrambic poet. The comic poet Pherecrates speaks of him raping Music with his twelve‐stringed lyre. He defeated the citharode Phrynis c.420. In a ...
Graeco-Persian wars

Graeco-Persian wars  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(540s–330s bc). The Greeks first came into conflict with the Persians in Asia Minor, as a result of the conquest of Lydia by Cyrus ‘the Great’, probably in 546 bc. ...
ancient naval warfare

ancient naval warfare  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Ancient warships of the Mediterranean were distinguished from merchant ships, partly by having a ram, partly by being oar-powered, at least in battle, though they carried masts and sails for ...
coast defence

coast defence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Has generally been the primary responsibility of navies, and fixed defence by land forces only a last resort. The debate over the merits of these two approaches has been acrimonious. ...
Ancient Navies

Ancient Navies  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
This entry contains eight subentries: An Overview, Greece, Rome, Hellenistic States, Persia, Egypt, Carthage, PhoeniciaBecause the Mediterranean Sea was a natural pathway for trade, communication, ...
Mardonius

Mardonius  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Nephew and son‐in‐law of Darius I of Persia, took over command in Ionia c.492 bc, immediately after the Ionian Revolt, and removed one major cause of discontent by abolishing government through ...
Munichia

Munichia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An Attic festival held on the 16th of the month Munichion (roughly, early May) in honour of the Artemis of Munichia (1). There was sacrifice and a procession, in which ...
wooden

wooden  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Wooden horse an alternative name for the Trojan Horse. The Wooden Horse (1949) was the account by the writer Eric Williams of how he and two companions, when prisoners of war in Germany, successfully ...

View: