Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

View:

Overview

battle of El Alamein

Subject: History

A battle of the Second World War fought in 1942 at El Alamein in Egypt, 90 km (60 miles) west of Alexandria. The German Afrika Korps under Rommel was halted in its advance towards the Nile ...

El Alamein, battle of

El Alamein, battle of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
91 words

... Alamein, battle of , 1942 . Fought in Egypt, El Alamein was the first decisive, irreversible British victory over German ground forces, which were forced to retreat 1,500 miles to Tunisia. Rommel, short of fuel and against British air superiority, could not fight a mobile battle to balance Montgomery 's superiority in combat troops. The 8th Army had nearly 200,000 men, more than half from Britain, against about 100,000 Italians and Germans. The battle caused silenced church bells in Britain to be rung in celebration and made Montgomery a national...

Alamein, El, Battle of

Alamein, El, Battle of (October–November 1942)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
139 words

..., El, Battle of ( October–November 1942 ) A critical battle in Egypt in World War II. In June 1942 , the British took up a defensive position in Egypt. One flank rested on the Mediterranean at El Alamein and the other on the salt marshes of the Qattara Depression. In August, General Montgomery was appointed to command the defending 8th Army. He launched an offensive in which, after a heavy artillery preparation, about 1200 tanks advanced, followed by infantry, against the German Afrika Korps commanded by General Rommel . Rommel was handicapped by...

El Alamein, battle of

El Alamein, battle of (1942)   Reference library

R. A. C. Parker

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
214 words

... Alamein, battle of , 1942 . Fought in Egypt, close to Alexandria, El Alamein was the first decisive, irreversible British victory over German ground forces, which, together with their Italian allies, were forced to retreat 1,500 miles to Tunisia. Rommel, short of fuel and against British air superiority, could not fight a mobile battle to balance Montgomery ’s superiority in combat troops. The 8th Army had nearly 200,000 men, more than half from Britain, the rest from India, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa, against about 100,000 Italians and...

El Alamein, Battle of

El Alamein, Battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Alamein, Battle of a World War II battle in the Egyptian desert in late October 1942 , between Allied forces under the British command of Field Marshall Bernard Law Montgomery , and German and Italian Axis forces under the command of Erwin Rommel . The fighting extended into early November and was eventually won by the Allied forces to become the first British land victory over the German army in the...

Alamein, Battle of El

Alamein, Battle of El   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
712 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., Battle of El In 1942 the pivotal battles of the Desert War were fought around the El Alamein area in Egypt. The German Commander Field Marshal Erwin Rommel had pushed the British Eighth Army back to this natural defensive position in June but had failed to smash his way through it. In July the British C-in-C, General Sir Claude Auchinleck, made three attempts to push the German and Italian forces back. The 9th Australian Division, which had reinforced Auchinleck on 4 July 1942 , took part in all these actions, on 10 , 21 – 22 and 26 – 27 July ....

El Alamein, Battle of

El Alamein, Battle of   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... Alamein, Battle of a battle of the Second World War fought in 1942 at El Alamein in Egypt, 90 km (60 miles) west of Alexandria. The German Afrika Korps under Rommel was halted in its advance towards the Nile by the British 8th Army under Montgomery, giving a decisive British...

El Alamein, Battle of

El Alamein, Battle of   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
81 words
El Alamein, Battle of

El Alamein, Battle of   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
79 words
El Alamein, Battle of

El Alamein, Battle of   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
50 words
El Alamein, Battle of

El Alamein, Battle of   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
77 words
El Alamein, Battle of

El Alamein, Battle of   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
103 words
battle of El Alamein

battle of El Alamein  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A battle of the Second World War fought in 1942 at El Alamein in Egypt, 90 km (60 miles) west of Alexandria. The German Afrika Korps under Rommel was halted in its advance towards the Nile by the ...
El Alamein, Battles of

El Alamein, Battles of (1942)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
153 words

...El Alamein, Battles of ( 1942 ) In June 1942 the British took up a defensive position on the Mediterranean at El Alamein, some 50 miles (80 km) from Alexandria, in an effort to stop the advance of the German Afrika Korps. During the first battle (30 June– 25 July 1942 ) Rommel 's forces were effectively halted. A front was established between the sea and the salt marshes of the Qattara Depression. General Montgomery , who had been appointed to command the 8th Army in August, launched an offensive on 23 October. After heavy artillery preparation, about...

battles of Alamein

battles of Alamein  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1942),part of the Western Desert campaigns in WW II. Alamein (or al-Alamayn) lies on the Egyptian coast some 60 miles (96 km) west of Alexandria. With the extremely inhospitable—if ...
battle of Mersa Matruh

battle of Mersa Matruh  

Reference type:
Overview Page
This was fought during the Western Desert campaigns after Tobruk had been captured by Rommel's forces on 21 June 1942 and the remnants of the British and Commonwealth Eighth Army ...
Comando Supremo

Comando Supremo  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Common term for the Italian High Command, properly called Stato Maggiore Generale (STAMAGE), the Supreme General Staff. Marshal Badoglio headed STAMAGE from its inception in June 1925 until December ...
Afrika Korps

Afrika Korps  

Also the Deutsches Afrika Korps or DAK the German forces commanded by Gen. Erwin Rommel in North Africa from February 1941 to March 1943, when it became a part of ...
Halfaya Pass

Halfaya Pass  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Situated near the Egyptian–Libyan border, this gap was one of only two exits through a defensible escarpment which narrowed the coastal plain to a bottleneck south of Sollum in Libya. ...
Erwin Rommel

Erwin Rommel  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1891–1944)German Field Marshal. Rommel was posted to North Africa in 1941 after the collapse of the Italian offensive, and, as commander of the Afrika Korps, he deployed a series of surprise ...
Men(n)as

Men(n)as  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. c.300),martyr. This very famous saint was Egyptian by birth; he was killed in Egypt for his Christian faith, perhaps under Diocletian; he was reputed to be a soldier in the Roman army, but this ...

View: