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Overview

automation

Subject: History

The use of automatic machinery and systems, particularly those manufacturing or data‐processing systems which require little or no human intervention in their normal operation. During the ...

automation

automation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
11 words

...automation Production by machinery without the need for immediate human intervention....

automation

automation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...automation Mechanisms and systems that reduce or eliminate human labour; often applied specifically to manufacture and inspection on production...

automation

automation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
51 words

... In theory, a workerless system of manufacture; in practice, a series of individual computer-controlled or robotic machine tools, with electromechanical link operations replacing transfer by hand. Research on the modern labour process suggests that automation displaces, rather than replaces, human labour and skill—to maintenance, planning, distribution, and ancillary...

automation

automation   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
38 words

... Use of self-governing machines to carry out manufacturing, distribution and other processes automatically. By using feedback , sensors check a system's operations and send signals to a computer that automatically regulates the process. See also mass production ; ...

automation

automation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
236 words

...after World War II enabled more sophisticated automation to be used in manufacturing industries, for example iron and steel. The most familiar example of a highly automated system is perhaps an assembly plant for automobiles or other complex products. Over the last few decades automation has evolved from the comparatively straightforward mechanization of tasks traditionally carried out by hand, through the introduction of complex automatic control systems, to the widespread automation of information collection and...

automation

automation   Reference library

Jeremy Marshall

The Oxford Companion to Beer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...able to tend to other items. It may also, of course, allow for reduced manning. Other benefits include consistency, because automation excludes errors unique to humans, such as forgetfulness, lack of oversight, or variation between different operators. Simple automation can be as basic as a computer chip with one input (e.g., from a temperature probe and one output) to a cooling valve. The essence of more complex automation is a programmable logic controller (PLC) with many inputs and outputs, a personal computer (PC) with a human machine interface...

automation

automation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...automation Control of the stages of an industrial or manufacturing process by means of electronic signals. Automation has both positive and negative consequences for workers. It can reduce or eliminate exposure to hazardous work processes, but unless there are built-in safeguards, the process can continue even after a worker has been injured on the job. Workers may also experience loss of self-esteem and low morale if they perceive themselves to be equated with “cogs in the machine” by managers of the industrial processes. ...

office automation

office automation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...automation The application of computers to office tasks. This may involve the use of electronic filing systems, word processing systems, computer graphics systems, email , desktop publishing , management information systems, database management systems , and teleconferencing or videoconferencing ...

marketing automation

marketing automation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
376 words

...automation A software system that enables the automated management and measurement of repetitious marketing tasks and workflow across a wide range of media during the execution of marketing campaigns. Marketing tasks such as segmentation , lead generation , customer relationship marketing , cross selling , and measurement of marketing investment (return on investment) are all automated with a marketing automation system. The active features of a marketing automation platform are e-mail marketing , landing pages , campaign management , lead ...

design automation

design automation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Electronics and Electrical Engineering (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...automation Software systems that assist in the development of complex electronics at all levels of the design hierarchy. These range from tools that assist with top-level conceptual and design issues down to those dealing with the fine placement and layout of transistors and wiring. At the highest level design automation involves system modelling , which generally makes use of graphical tools to construct block diagrams that capture the system architecture. There are also tools such as silicon compilers that can translate high-level system and...

sales force automation

sales force automation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...force automation The functions associated with the process of selling items or services. It includes functions such as order processing, customer database maintenance, and repeat order...

home automation system

home automation system   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...automation system A system based on the Internet of things that automates some manual set of activities associated with the home; for example, switching on lights and power sockets...

Design Automation Conference

Design Automation Conference   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Electronics and Electrical Engineering (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Automation Conference ( DAC ) The main annual global design automation conference. First held in 1964 , it began as a technical conference about the use of software-assisted design in the electrical, mechanical, and other engineering disciplines. In the 1970s its focus became exclusively electronic, and from the mid-1980s commercial companies began to exhibit; this now accounts for a significant portion of its attendance. ...

salesforce automation system

salesforce automation system   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
57 words

...automation system ( SFA system ) A computer application used to coordinate and analyse various types of information relevant to salespeople and salesforce managers. It will include a detailed customer database , product information, activity records, and an order management system. Most SFA systems can now be used via smartphones. See also customer relationship management system...

Automation and Computerization.

Automation and Computerization.   Reference library

Howard P. Segal

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,160 words

...Automation and Computerization. Automation and computerization are related but separate phenomena. Automation means the mechanization—and usually the speeding up—of production, not only in manufacturing but also in service. Computerization is an advanced form of automation. Fantasies and anxieties about automation predate the nation's founding. The golem of Jewish legend, for example, is a powerful automaton. But Americans' historic receptivity to technological innovation and their need for machines to compensate for scarcity of labor have made the United...

Automation and Computerization

Automation and Computerization   Reference library

David Alan Grier

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... and Computerization Automation and computerization are related but distinct concepts that have their origin in production engineering but are applied to many forms of economic, social, and political activity. Both automation and computerization are used in efforts to reduce the costs of labor and to make institutions more responsive to market forces. Both have substantially altered the labor force and changed the way that organizations make decisions. Automation. Traditionally, automation is a three-stage activity in which a process is created to...

Automation and Computerization

Automation and Computerization   Reference library

David Alan Grier

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... and Computerization Automation and computerization are related but distinct concepts that have their origins in production engineering but are applied to many forms of economic, social, and political activity. Both are employed in efforts to reduce the costs of labor and to make institutions more responsive to market forces. Both have substantially altered the labor force and changed the way in which organizations make decisions. Automation. Traditionally, automation is a three-stage activity that strives to create a process to produce goods with as...

Securities Industry Automation Corporation

Securities Industry Automation Corporation (USA)   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...Industry Automation Corporation ( SIAC ) (USA) . A US organization formed by the American Stock Exchange and New York Stock Exchange to provide: price collection and dissemination; settlement services; and communication services ( cf. National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations...

SAE levels of automation

SAE levels of automation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...levels of automation ( 0–5 levels ) A range defining the levels of human intervention in autonomous car development, defined as: • Level 0 : Fully manual vehicles. • Level 1 : Single level of automation that assists the driver, e.g. steering, speed, or braking control. • Level 2 : Automation in respect to helping the driver steer and accelerate/decelerate, e.g. lane departure system and self-parking features. • Level 3 : Environment detection, which is the lowest class in an automated drive system. For example, overtaking slower-moving vehicles...

Securities Industry Automation Corporation

Securities Industry Automation Corporation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...Industry Automation Corporation ( SIAC ) The US corporation that provides the National Securities Clearing Corporation with the data-processing and electronic communications facilities required to act as a clearing house for both New York’s stock exchanges. Since 2006 it has been a wholly owned subsidiary of the New York Stock Exchange...

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