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Overview

authoritarianism

A style of government in which the rulers demand unquestioning obedience from the ruled. Traditionally, ‘authoritarians’ have argued for a high degree of determination by governments of ...

authoritarianism

authoritarianism   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
43 words

... System of government that concentrates power in the hands of one person or small group of people not responsible to the population as a whole. Freedom of the press and of political organization are suppressed. Many authoritarian regimes arise from military...

authoritarianism

authoritarianism   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
120 words

... Government distinguished by a high degree of state power and discretion and, most often, the absence of procedures for popular consent or for guarding individual rights. A modern term, it does not refer to anything more precise than dictatorship . During the Cold war , some Western political theorists and international affairs experts developed a distinction between authoritarianism and to totalitarianism . Authoritarian states were held to be less severe, less intrusive, and less durable than totalitarian states, such as Hitler 's Germany or...

authoritarianism

authoritarianism n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n. A personality characteristic associated with a potentiality for fascism first identified in 1950 by the German philosopher, sociologist, and psychologist Theodor W(iesengrund) Adorno ( 1903–69 ) and several colleagues in a monumental study entitled The Authoritarian Personality , usually measured with the F scale or a modification of it. It correlates positively with anti-Semitism, ethnocentrism , political and economic conservatism, and intolerance of ambiguity . See also A–S scale , E scale , PEC scale . authoritarian ...

authoritarianism

authoritarianism   Quick reference

Lincoln Allison

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
201 words

... A style of government in which the rulers demand unquestioning obedience from the ruled. Traditionally, ‘authoritarians’ have argued for a high degree of determination by governments of belief and behaviour and a correspondingly smaller significance for individual choice. But it is possible to be authoritarian in some spheres while being more liberal in others. Frederick the Great is alleged to have said, ‘I have an agreement with my people: they can say what they like and I can do what I like’. Authoritarianism has become simply a ‘boo’ word,...

Authoritarianism

Authoritarianism   Reference library

PÁdraig Carmody

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,489 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of social organization, and lack the power to pursue revolutionary goals—that is, that they are conservative. Authoritarian regimes are more common in predominantly rural societies. However, in their insistence on societal obedience, totalitarian states are authoritarian, whereas authoritarian states are not necessarily totalitarian. Colonialism and the Authoritarian Legacy in Africa. Another area of the world where there were authoritarian states during the twentieth century was in the European colonies of Africa and Asia. While individual rights were often...

Authoritarianism

Authoritarianism   Reference library

Juan J. Linz

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,229 words

... While “authority” refers to legitimate power, “authoritarianism” is associated with “arbitrary,” illegitimate authority. Nondemocratic regimes share the following characteristics: those governing are self-appointed and, even if elected, cannot be displaced by citizens’ free choice among competitors; and there is no freedom to create a broad range of groups, organizations, and political parties to compete for power or question the decisions of the rulers. This essay deals with authoritarian regimes, which may be contrasted with competitive...

Authoritarianism

Authoritarianism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,180 words

... . While authority refers to legitimate power, authoritarianism is associated with “arbitrary,” illegitimate authority. Nondemocratic regimes share the following characteristics: those governing are self-appointed and, even if elected, cannot be displaced by citizens' free choice among competitors; and there is no freedom to create a broad range of groups, organizations, and political parties to compete for power or question the decisions of the rulers. This essay deals with authoritarian regimes, which may be contrasted with competitive...

authoritarianism

authoritarianism (in relation to China)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
96 words

...authoritarianism ( in relation to China ) A type of government based on strong central authority and limited political freedom. Although it may be slowly fragmenting, it is currently evident in China from the end of the Mao Zedong era, as per the country’s one-party state dominated by the Chinese Communist Party , a legal system based upon rule by law , limited political participation and activism, a moribund civil society , and the lack of nationwide democratic elections. See also Charter 08 ; China Democracy Party ; Constitution ; Great Firewall...

authoritarianism

authoritarianism ((in relation to India))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
58 words

... (in relation to India) A type of government based on strong central authority and limited political freedoms. It was most prevalent during the Emergency (1975–7) , and—despite Indian democracy —is occasionally visible in the contemporary context concerning civil society and facets of national security , including President’s Rule . See also political dynasties ; vote banks ....

Bureaucratic Authoritarianism

Bureaucratic Authoritarianism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,026 words

...Authoritarianism . The concept of bureaucratic authoritarianism arose from the study of major episodes of authoritarian rule in South America between the 1960s and the 1980s: Brazil from 1964 to 1985 , Argentina from 1966 to 1973 and later from 1976 to 1983 , Chile from 1973 to 1990 , and Uruguay from 1973 to 1985 . This body of analysis is closely identified with the writings of Guillermo O'Donnell . Bureaucratic authoritarianism is a type of military rule often interpreted as novel in relation to the earlier history of Latin America. It...

Bureaucratic Authoritarianism

Bureaucratic Authoritarianism   Reference library

David Collier

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,017 words

...Authoritarianism The concept of bureaucratic authoritarianism arose from the study of major episodes of authoritarian rule in South America between the 1960s and the 1980s: Brazil from 1964 to 1985 , Argentina from 1966 to 1973 and later from 1976 to 1983 , Chile from 1973 to 1990 , and Uruguay from 1973 to 1985 . This body of analysis is closely identified with the writings of Guillermo O’Donnell. Bureaucratic authoritarianism is a type of military rule often interpreted as novel in relation to the earlier history of Latin America. It was...

Bureaucratic Authoritarianism

Bureaucratic Authoritarianism   Reference library

Deborah L. Norden

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
618 words

...Authoritarianism . Although military involvement in politics had long been endemic to the Latin American political landscape, in the mid-1960s this practice metamorphosed into a new phenomenon. If militaries had in the past mostly intervened only temporarily to replace “unacceptable” governments, now military regimes became much more entrenched, long-term phenomena. In his classic text Modernization and Bureaucratic-Authoritarianism ( 1973 ), Guillermo O'Donnell coined the term “bureaucratic-authoritarianism” to refer to this new form of military...

Autocracy and Authoritarianism

Autocracy and Authoritarianism   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
1,415 words

...of governance in Africa since independence is autocracy/authoritarianism where political rulers (leaders?) almost typify/symbolize the state, with little or no regard for the due process, transparency, accountability, and control. In the process, Africans have been reduced to mere spectators/onlookers/clients, rather than primary stakeholders in the democratic and developmental process. These are the defining indices of authoritarianism. Africa has a checkered history of autocracy/authoritarianism. Despite popular pretenses to the contrary, especially the...

Authority, Authoritarianism, and Religion

Authority, Authoritarianism, and Religion   Reference library

Ryan P. Burge

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
10,134 words

...The authoritarian response to this item, according to Adorno would be “strongly agree.” This statement attempted to tap into two different components of authoritarianism: submission to moral authorities and the propensity to believe in superstition. Right-Wing Authoritarianism. While the F-Scale provided a baseline to measure an authoritarian personality, the scale suffered from problems of multidimensionality that subsequent authors tried to correct. One of the most significant efforts was the development of a measure of Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) by...

authoritarianism

authoritarianism noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
51 words
authoritarianism

authoritarianism noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
55 words
authoritarianism

authoritarianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A style of government in which the rulers demand unquestioning obedience from the ruled. Traditionally, ‘authoritarians’ have argued for a high degree of determination by governments of belief and ...
Bureaucratic Authoritarianism

Bureaucratic Authoritarianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The concept of bureaucratic authoritarianism arose from the study of major episodes of authoritarian rule in South America between the 1960s and the 1980s: Brazil from 1964 to 1985, Argentina ...
authoritarian leadership

authoritarian leadership   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... leadership A leadership style that is best explained in terms of initiating structure . A coach exhibiting authoritarian leadership will expect strict obedience of athletes to the training regime that he or she lays down. See also autocratic leadership...

authoritarian personality

authoritarian personality   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
37 words

... personality Concept explored by Adorno , and supposed to characterize the adherents of fascism . The authoritarian personality is intolerant, bigoted, dominating, attracted to regimes of command and submission, and impatient of subtlety of any...

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