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attention

Sustained concentration on a specific stimulus, sensation, idea, thought, or activity, enabling one to use information-processing systems with limited capacity to handle vast amounts of ...

attention

attention n.   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... n. 1 a position assumed by a soldier, standing very straight with the feet together and the arms straight down the sides of the body: the squadron stood to attention when we arrived | midshipmen standing at attention . 2 an order to assume such a...

attention

attention n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n. Sustained concentration on a specific stimulus, sensation, idea, thought, or activity, enabling one to use information-processing systems with limited capacity to handle vast amounts of information available from the sense organs and memory stores. See also alpha blocking , attention operating characteristic , attention span ( 1 , 2 ) , attenuation theory , automatic processing , bottleneck theory , cocktail party phenomenon , controlled processing , dual-task performance , filter theory , flanker compatibility effect , ...

attention

attention   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Science and technology, Medicine and health
Length:
120 words

... The selection of information so that the mind can concentrate on one out of several simultaneously presented objects or trains of thought. Attention involves withdrawal from some things in order to deal effectively with others. It enables a person to concentrate on the task in hand. Information processing models hypothesize that a selective filter in the brain restricts the amount of information that can be attended to at any one time. Attention can be measured by the extent to which interference occurs between two tasks that a person is performing...

attention

attention   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
91 words

... The selective perceptual capacity whereby some aspects of an event or a scene are ‘spotlighted’ or taken up into consciousness while others are ignored or not noticed at all. It is the capacity by which some things but not others determine a subject’s take on a scene or interpretation of the scene. Aspects of a scene to which one has paid attention enter into working memory, inferences, and descriptions of the environment. They therefore also become important in directing action compared to other features to which one pays no attention...

attention

attention   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
164 words

... . As William James says, ‘consciousness goes away from where it is not needed,’ and it seems an everyday truth that one can selectively consider, concentrate, or focus on some aspect of the world or of one's inner life. Searle draws a distinction between the centre and the periphery within the field of consciousness, arguing that there are different levels of attention—from the full attention I pay to my feet when putting on my shoes to the marginal attention due to them the rest of the day. How attention stands vis-à-vis a clear conception of...

attention

attention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
231 words

...is that, all things being equal, our attention is drawn to intense stimuli such as bright lights, loud noises, saturated colours, and rapid motion ( see also salience ). See also selective attention . 2. In traditional models of persuasion , an essential prerequisite for persuasive communication . ‘Grabbing’ and ‘holding’ attention has long been seen as the advertiser’s first priority, though some theorists suggest that advertising can work very effectively when it is not the primary focus of attention. See also central route ; clutter ;...

attention

attention   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,258 words

...events, the one to which attention was diverted appeared to occur earlier than the other. The fundamental property of attention was, for those writers, to make the contents of consciousness appear clearer. It would have made little sense to them to discuss effects of attention of which the observer was not aware. Pillsbury's book Attention , published in 1908 , contains many observations which modern work has confirmed, and is a remarkably insightful volume in many respects. With the rise of behaviourism , attention was relegated to the status of a...

Attention

Attention   Reference library

N. Phillips and D. Marno

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
1,215 words

...cl. rhet. attention is a function of public oratory, in Christianity the sense of oration as prayer (or oratio mentis ) contributes to the emergence of a spiritual notion of attention. In this context, there is a rising interest in poetic form as potentially conducive to focusing attention. In Augustine’s Confessions , reciting the Psalms appears both as an illustration of the imperfections of human attention and as a way of creating a devotional attention. The Middle Ages and the early mod. period move toward a more methodical focusing of attention, esp....

attention

attention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
318 words

... A perceptual process influencing selective response to stimuli. When in the presence of many relevant stimuli, animals usually respond selectively to one or a few of them. One of the processes determining this selectiveness is attention. What is attended to may be influenced by the salience of the stimulus, the * motivation of the animal, and previous * learning by the animal. The phenomenon of selective attention is closely related to the concept of * search image . For example, carrion crows ( Corvus corone ) have been shown to respond...

attention span

attention span   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... span The period of time a person is able to sustain attention on selected...

self-attention

self-attention   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...attention An athlete's concern about the execution of his or her own skills. With some highly skilled performers, self-attention is higher at home matches than away ones. See also home court advantage...

attention concept

attention concept   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
201 words

... concept The capturing and retention of customer attention is an increasingly difficult task that is breeding different types of new marketing technique and practice. In an age of impatience and shortening attention spans, increases in the number of communications channels , and the vast availability of information, the impact of traditional mass marketing has, to some extent, been undermined. Attention grabbing is much more difficult than it used to be; attention holding is even more difficult. We are now in the age of customer attention deficit and...

attention span

attention span n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... span n. 1. The length of time for which a person can attend to something. 2. Another name for the span of apprehension . See also chunking , magical number seven...

selective attention

selective attention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Organizational Behaviour

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
124 words

...attention The process of attending to some sensory stimuli at the expense of others. We are unable to attend to all sensory data available to us at the same time, so we have adapted ways of prioritizing what requires our attention in a particular situation, which is often done unconsciously. It means that some data may be excluded, as in a case where a quick decision must be made where we focus on what we consider to be the key factors. Without selective attention our senses would be overloaded with information. Ideally we prioritize the data...

selective attention

selective attention   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...attention ( selectivity ) The ability of a person to attend to specific stimuli and exclude other competing stimuli. Selective attention is one of the most important cognitive abilities of a successful athlete. However, this usually useful ability can also have unfortunate consequences. A footballer, for example, may perceive the ball as the only important aspect of the game and ignore all other sources of information, The ball-watching may allow an opponent to move undetected and unmarked into a scoring...

selective attention

selective attention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
78 words

...attention (psychology) A general tendency for human beings to focus on only some of the sensory data or information available to them at any given time. We cannot attend to everything: selective inattention (also called perceptual defence ) is unavoidable. Selectivity is a key feature of attention ; it is based on salience , which is generally conceptualized as a mental ‘ filter ’. See also cocktail party effect ; foregrounding ; markedness ; selective perception . ...

selective attention

selective attention n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...attention n . Focusing concentration on a single stimulus or class of stimuli to the exclusion of others. The US psychologist William James ( 1842–1910 ) famously pointed out in his Principles of Psychology ( 1890 ) that this ability must be acquired: ‘The baby, assailed by the eyes, ears, nose, skin and entrails all at once, feels it all as one great blooming, buzzing confusion’ (p. 488). See attenuation theory , bottleneck theory , cocktail party phenomenon , filter theory , flanker compatibility effect , Kamin blocking...

divided attention

divided attention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
32 words

...attention The * trade-off among differing aspects of * attention . For example, many animals need to watch out for predators whilst they are * feeding . Consequently, their * attention is divided between * foraging and * vigilance...

attention economy

attention economy   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Social Media

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
41 words

...attention economy A commercial recognition of attention as a scarce and valuable commodity, leading to consumers being offered online content or services which they are seeking in return for allowing themselves to be exposed to promotional messages. See also content market...

margin of attention

margin of attention n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...of attention n. Another name for marginal consciousness...

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