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art Nouveau

A style of decorative art, architecture, and design prominent in western Europe and the US from about 1890 until the First World War and characterized by intricate linear designs and ...

Art Nouveau

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A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Nouveau A form of art and architecture that was most popular between 1890 and 1905 . It is characterized by flowing forms and lines that are said to resemble natural forms such as flowers, leaves, and vines, and other organic forms. Some of the work of Antoni Gaudi , although very individual, can be said to be floral and natural Art-Nouveau...

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
90 words

... nouveau Ornamental style which flourished in most of central and w Europe and the USA from c .1890 to World War 1. The idea originated in England with the Arts and Crafts Movement . Focusing mainly on the decorative arts, its most characteristic forms come from sinuous distortions of plant forms and asymmetrical lines. It is sometimes known in France by its English name, the ‘Modern Style’. Outstanding art nouveau graphic artists include Beardsley , Tiffany , and Mucha . Charles Rennie Mackintosh , Antonio Gaudi , and Victor Horta were among its...

Art Nouveau

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A Dictionary of Modern Design (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
360 words

...work of Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo , Aubrey Beardsley , Japonisme, Rococo, and the Celtic Revival, Art Nouveau’s asymmetrically and sinuous characteristics were generally more compatible with the crafts. However, its forms were disseminated widely through magazines such as the Studio , Ver Sacrum , L’Art décoratif , Pan , Dekorative Kunst , and Jugend as well as the Paris Exposition Universelle of 1900 , which was perhaps the apogee of French Art Nouveau, although the style was also evident in the international exhibitions in Turin ( 1902 ) and St...

Art Nouveau

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,526 words
Illustration(s):
1

...9. Conclusion . Art Nouveau was born of the desire by a section of society to reject historicism and to abolish the distinction between the major and minor arts. It was to lead on the one hand to Art deco and on the other to Modernism in architecture. The end of Art Nouveau came with World War I, but there had been some strong opposition to it much earlier. In 1901 Guimard had been criticized for the ‘extravagance’ of his designs for the Métro, for example; in 1903 Art Nouveau was described by Crane in the Magazine of Art as ‘this strange...

Art Nouveau

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The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
930 words

...the ‘Belgian line’, and established Art Nouveau use of modern materials. In France the impact of Art Nouveau was limited, although René Lalique ( 1860–1945 ) and Émile Gallé ( 1846–1904 ) produced some fine work. Lalique explored its use of asymmetry and organic form in jewellery and metalwork, while Gallé's use of etched relief in his glassware made a distinctive contribution. The designs for the Paris metro stations by Hector Guimard ( 1867–1942 ) are a lasting reminder of the attractions of Art Nouveau architecture. In Spain the movement centred...

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
251 words

... Nouveau A style which originated in the 1880s and lasted until the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 , encompassing the decorative arts , design, and architecture. Its characteristics were the use of flowing, expressive lines and whiplash curves , flower and leaf motifs, and female figures with long, undulating hair. The style developed in Britain from the Arts and Crafts Movement, but influences also included Japanese art, Rococo , and Celtic art. From Britain it spread rapidly across Europe and North America. Designs could be seen in The...

art nouveau

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The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
173 words

... nouveau A decorative style that flourished throughout Europe and America from the 1880s to c. 1914 , characterized by asymmetry, sinuous lines, and a flame‐like patterning of the surface with such motifs as the willowy, elongated, female figure with flowing hair and the fantastic curves of stylized flowers. English art nouveau tends to be sparser and more geometric than the continental version. The first British works are A. H. Mackmurdo 's ( 1851–1942 ) chair of 1881 , and a title page to Wren's City Churches ( 1883 ). Art‐oriented literary...

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Patrick Goode

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
330 words

...); and in Antwerp, with the design of the Liberal meeting house ‘Help U Zelve’, Antwerp ( 1898 ), by Van Averbeke and Van Asperen. Horta himself used only the decorative elements of Art Nouveau in his larger-scale designs (such as his store for L’Innovation, Brussels, 1910–12 ), and by about 1912 had reverted to more traditional forms of architecture. Art Nouveau’s rejection of historicism was inspiring, but as an essentially craft-based approach to architecture, it had no future in an increasingly mechanized world. Patrick...

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A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
578 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Sullivan , all display characteristic Art Nouveau elements. Journals such as L’Art Décoratif , Die Jugend , Kunst und Kunsthandwerk , Pan , and The Studio disseminated the style, which was also promoted in German-speaking countries by various Sezession groups (in Austria-Hungary the preferred term was Sezessionstil rather than Jugendstil ). In the Ottoman Empire traditional Muslim and Turkish motifs and ways of handling space blended with new ideas from Western Europe, so that some extraordinary Art Nouveau works were erected in Istanbul c. 1900:...

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A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
476 words

...and jewellery, but Art Nouveau also had a major vogue in illustration and poster design and its influence can be seen to varying degrees in much of the painting and sculpture of the period—in a fairly pure form in the work of Alfred Gilbert and Jan Toorop , for example, and in certain aspects of such diverse artists as Munch (his penchant for undulating lines) and Matisse (the flat arabesque forms of the trees in some of the landscapes of his Fauve period). The style takes its name from a shop called La Maison de l'Art Nouveau opened in Paris in ...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
451 words

...and jewellery, but Art Nouveau also had a major vogue in illustration and poster design and its influence can be seen to varying degrees in much of the painting and sculpture of the period—in a fairly pure form in the work of Alfred Gilbert and Jan Toorop , for example, and in certain aspects of such diverse artists as Munch (his penchant for undulating lines) and Matisse (the flat arabesque forms of the trees in some of the landscapes of his Fauve period). The style takes its name from a shop called La Maison de l’Art Nouveau opened in Paris in ...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
445 words

...and jewellery, but Art Nouveau also had a major vogue in illustration and poster design and its influence can be seen to varying degrees in much of the painting and sculpture of the period—in a fairly pure form in the work of Alfred Gilbert and Jan Toorop , for example, and in certain aspects of such diverse artists as Munch (his penchant for undulating lines) and Matisse (the flat arabesque forms of the trees in some of the landscapes of his Fauve period). The style takes its name from a shop called La Maison de l'Art Nouveau opened in Paris in ...

art nouveau

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The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
30 words

... nouveau noun phrase E20 French (literally, ‘new art’). A decorative style in French and English art of the late nineteenth century characterized by ornamented and flowing lines. Cf. Jugendstil...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... nouveau a style of decorative art, architecture, and design prominent in western Europe and the US from about 1890 until the First World War and characterized by intricate linear designs and flowing curves based on natural...

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
135 words

... nouveau • aglow , ago, alow, although, apropos, art nouveau, Bamako, Bardot, beau, Beaujolais Nouveau, below, bestow, blow, bo, Boileau, bons mots, Bordeaux, Bow, bravo, bro, cachepot, cheerio, Coe, crow, Defoe, de trop, doe, doh, dos-à-dos, do-si-do, dough, dzo, Flo, floe, flow, foe, foreknow, foreshow, forgo, Foucault, froe, glow, go, good-oh, go-slow, grow, gung-ho, Heathrow, heave-ho, heigh-ho, hello, ho, hoe, ho-ho, jo, Joe, kayo, know, lo, low, maillot, malapropos, Marceau, mho, Miró, mo, Mohs, Monroe, mot, mow, Munro, no, Noh, no-show, oh, oho,...

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Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: Italian-English (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words
Art nouveau

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Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... nouveau . (French, ‘new art’.) A decorative style of art flourishing in most of western Europe and the United States from the late 19th century to the outbreak of the First World War. As its name implies, it was a deliberate attempt to create a new style in reaction to the reproduction of historical forms that had been such a prominent feature of 19th-century architecture and design. Its most characteristic theme was the use of sinuous, asymmetrical lines based on plant forms, and frequent motifs were flowers, leaves and tendrils as well as female figures...

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Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
8 words
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Pocket Oxford German Dictionary: English German (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
7 words
art nouveau

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
67 words

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