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art

Subject: Religion

It has been said that while the Greeks taught the holiness of beauty, the Hebrews taught the beauty of holiness. This is an unfortunate generalization, although it is true to say that the ...

art

art   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
82 words

... The most elusive of terms, its validity is only vouchsafed in cultures which admit to such a concept. Broadly speaking, the term ‘art’ in the visual sense can be applied to any work/subject which engenders, by intent or otherwise, aesthetic and/or intellectual appreciation. In a teasing subversion of the title of his magisterial survey The Story of Art ( 1950 ) the great art historian Sir Ernst Gombrich declared, ‘There really is no such thing as Art. There are only...

‘art for art's sake’

‘art for art's sake’   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
71 words

...art for art's sake’ A concept which originated in literary circles in France (‘ l'art pour l'art ’) in the earlier 19th century and transferred to art criticism in discussions of Manet and his circle. It was first used in print in English in 1868 and became associated with the Aesthetic Movement and the belief that the formal qualities of a work of art were more important than its...

ABC art

ABC art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
8 words

...art . An alternative term for Minimal art...

figurative art

figurative art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
25 words

...art . Art in which recognizable figures or objects are portrayed. The term ‘representational art’ is used synonymously; the opposite is non-figurative or abstract art...

art mobilier

art mobilier   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
67 words

... mobilier (French: ‘portable art’). A term used in the study of prehistoric and primitive art for small movable works of art such as figurines, engraved stones, and bone carvings. According to The Thames and Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms ( 1984 ), the term is also applied in the sense of ‘furnishing art’ to ‘small portable art objects used for decorative purposes, e.g. Renaissance bronze...

Art Autre

Art Autre   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
133 words

... Autre . A term coined by the French critic Michel Tapié ( 1909–87 ) in his book Un art autre ( 1952 ) to describe a type of art that he regarded as appropriate to the turbulent mood in France in the post-war period—an art than worked through ‘paroxysm, magic, total ecstasy’. The term is a vague one and is sometimes used synonymously with Art Informel (also coined by Tapié ). However, Art Autre can be seen as a broader term, for it embraces figurative art (for example that of Dubuffet ) as well as abstract art. In using the phrase ‘art autre’ (other art...

Art Brut

Art Brut   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
235 words

... Brut (French: ‘Raw Art’). Term coined by Jean Dubuffet for art produced by people outside the established art world—solitaries, the maladjusted, patients in psychiatric hospitals, prisoners, and fringe-dwellers of all kinds. In English, the term ‘Outsider art’ (the title of a book by Roger Cardinal , 1972 ) is sometimes used to cover this type of work. Dubuffet claimed that such art—‘springing from pure invention and in no way based, as cultural art constantly is, on chameleon- or parrot-like processes’—is evidence of a power of originality that all...

Outsider art

Outsider art   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
234 words

...art , a term used to describe the art made by people not conventionally associated with art production, such as psychiatric patients, children, and prisoners. It is synonymous with Art Brut—‘raw art’—a term coined by Jean Dubuffet , who, in 1964 , began to collect works he considered to be free from cultural norms and fashions or traditions in art. In 1948 he had founded the Compagnie de l'Art Brut with André Breton , in the first edition of whose periodical Dubuffet defined the term as ‘works executed by people free from artistic culture, for whom...

Concrete art

Concrete art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
93 words

...art . Term applied to abstract art that is intended to be totally autonomous, repudiating all figurative references and symbolic associations. The name was coined by Theo van Doesburg , who in Paris in 1930 issued a manifesto called Art Concret (it took the form of the first number of a periodical with this title, but no other numbers were issued). Although Concrete art is typically severely geometrical, it is not necessarily so; for example, the sculpture of Max Bill (an artist particularly associated with Concrete art) often uses graceful spiral...

Mycenaean art

Mycenaean art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
82 words

...art . A term applied to the art of Greece in the Late Bronze Age (Late Helladic Period), that is, from about 1500 to about 1100 bc . Usually the term embraces the art not only of the mainland, but also of the Greek Islands with the exception of Crete ( see Minoan art ). Mycenaean art is named after the fortress-city of Mycenae, the site of the most important remains, which was excavated by the German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in the...

Outsider art

Outsider art   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
512 words

...art Art critic Roger Cardinal coined the term outsider art in 1972 as an English translation for the French term art brut (“raw art”), the spontaneous visual art produced by individuals in mental health institutions and prisons, as well as art by children. This rather specific definition no longer applies to outsider art, which has been expanded to include art created by unschooled artists living outside the mainstream of contemporary culture, uninvolved with the art world. Unlike folk artists, many of whom are influenced by traditional styles and...

land art

land art   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
449 words

... art. In questioning the methods by which art was normally exhibited, Land art was disruptive to modernist critical practices; it has, consequently, been seen as a branch of Conceptual art. The comparison is derived from incidental, rather than theoretical similarities; many Land art projects were so big that they had to remain at the planning stage, by implication becoming examples of Conceptual art. The use of photographic records for both types of art also appears to unite them. Whereas Conceptual art advocated a dematerialization of the art object,...

applied art

applied art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
38 words

...art . Term describing the design or decoration of functional objects so as to make them aesthetically pleasing. It is used in distinction to fine art , although there is often no clear dividing line between the two...

Art Informel

Art Informel   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
162 words

... Informel , term coined by the French critic Michel Tapié to describe a type of spontaneous abstract painting popular among European artists in the 1940s and 1950s, roughly equivalent to Abstract Expressionism in the USA. Tapié popularized the term in his book Un art autre ( 1952 ), and these two terms—Art Autre and Art Informel—are sometimes used more or less synonymously. They are rarely used with any precision, but some critics regard Art Informel as a narrower term, representing only one aspect of the broader trend of Art Autre (which includes...

Insular art

Insular art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
93 words

...art . A term applied to art produced in the British Isles (more specifically northern England, Ireland, and Scotland) from about ad 500 to 900 . It is used mainly in the field of illuminated manuscripts, where its neutrality circumvents the controversies (sometimes fuelled by national loyalties) about the place of origin of certain works, such as the Book of Kells , as well as underlining the close cultural links between Ireland and the north of Britain during this period ( see Celtic art ). The term Hiberno-Saxon art is used in a similar...

Systemic art

Systemic art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
79 words

...art . Term coined by Lawrence Alloway in 1966 to describe a type of abstract art characterized by the use of very simple standardized forms, usually geometric in character, either in a single concentrated image or repeated in a system arranged according to a clearly visible principle of organization. The chevron paintings of Noland are examples of Systemic art. It has been described as a branch of Minimal art , but Alloway extended the term to cover Colour Field Painting...

Correspondence art

Correspondence art   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
611 words

...Art Exhibitions and Competitions,” Umbrella , 3/3 (May 1980), pp. 56–8 R. H. Cohen : “ Art and Letters: Please Mr. Postman Look and See … Is There a Work of Art in Your Bag for Me?, ” ARTnews , lxxx/10 (1981), pp. 80–7 M. Crane and M. Stofflet : Correspondence Art: Source Book for the Network of International Postal Art Activity (San Francisco, 1984) Mail Art Then and Now (exh. cat. by R. Cohen , New York, Franklin Furnace, 1984) S. Home : Assault on Culture: Utopian Currents from Lettrisme to Class War (London, 1988) J. Held Jr. : Mail Art: An...

Art Informel

Art Informel   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
133 words

... Informel . Term coined by the French critic Michel Tapié to describe a type of spontaneous abstract painting popular among European artists in the 1940s and 1950s, roughly equivalent to Abstract Expressionism in the USA. Tapié popularized the term in his book Un art autre ( 1952 ), and these two terms— Art Autre and Art Informel—are sometimes used more or less synonymously. They are rarely used with any precision, but some critics regard Art Informel as a narrower term, representing only one aspect of the broader trend of Art Autre (which includes...

Environment art

Environment art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
169 words

...art (or Environmental art ) . An art form in which the artist creates a three-dimensional space in which the spectator can be completely enclosed and involved in a multiplicity of sensory stimulations—visual, auditory, kinetic, tactile, and sometimes olfactory. This type of art was prefigured in the Merzbau of Kurt Schwitters and in the elaborate decor of some of the Surrealist exhibitions of the 1930s, as well as in certain types of entertainments at funfairs, but as a movement it originated in the late 1950s and flourished chiefly in the...

holographic art

holographic art   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
201 words

... art; they also relate closely to other contemporary art forms—like laser art and computer art—in which the technological processes required to create images are of equal importance to the images themselves. However, holographic art can be distinguished from these other forms by its dependence on light, which is both its subject and generative principle. In their apparent dematerialization of solid objects, and creation of areas of uncertain space, holograms have been interpreted as a form of postmodernist art. Oliver Parfitt Popper, F. , Art of the...

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