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art

Subject: Religion

It has been said that while the Greeks taught the holiness of beauty, the Hebrews taught the beauty of holiness. This is an unfortunate generalization, although it is true to say that the ...

art

art   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
82 words

... The most elusive of terms, its validity is only vouchsafed in cultures which admit to such a concept. Broadly speaking, the term ‘art’ in the visual sense can be applied to any work/subject which engenders, by intent or otherwise, aesthetic and/or intellectual appreciation. In a teasing subversion of the title of his magisterial survey The Story of Art ( 1950 ) the great art historian Sir Ernst Gombrich declared, ‘There really is no such thing as Art. There are only...

‘art for art's sake’

‘art for art's sake’   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
71 words

...art for art's sake’ A concept which originated in literary circles in France (‘ l'art pour l'art ’) in the earlier 19th century and transferred to art criticism in discussions of Manet and his circle. It was first used in print in English in 1868 and became associated with the Aesthetic Movement and the belief that the formal qualities of a work of art were more important than its...

ABC art

ABC art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
8 words

...art . An alternative term for Minimal art...

figurative art

figurative art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
25 words

...art . Art in which recognizable figures or objects are portrayed. The term ‘representational art’ is used synonymously; the opposite is non-figurative or abstract art...

art mobilier

art mobilier   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
67 words

... mobilier (French: ‘portable art’). A term used in the study of prehistoric and primitive art for small movable works of art such as figurines, engraved stones, and bone carvings. According to The Thames and Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms ( 1984 ), the term is also applied in the sense of ‘furnishing art’ to ‘small portable art objects used for decorative purposes, e.g. Renaissance bronze...

Art Autre

Art Autre   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
133 words

... Autre . A term coined by the French critic Michel Tapié ( 1909–87 ) in his book Un art autre ( 1952 ) to describe a type of art that he regarded as appropriate to the turbulent mood in France in the post-war period—an art than worked through ‘paroxysm, magic, total ecstasy’. The term is a vague one and is sometimes used synonymously with Art Informel (also coined by Tapié ). However, Art Autre can be seen as a broader term, for it embraces figurative art (for example that of Dubuffet ) as well as abstract art. In using the phrase ‘art autre’ (other art...

Art Brut

Art Brut   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
235 words

... Brut (French: ‘Raw Art’). Term coined by Jean Dubuffet for art produced by people outside the established art world—solitaries, the maladjusted, patients in psychiatric hospitals, prisoners, and fringe-dwellers of all kinds. In English, the term ‘Outsider art’ (the title of a book by Roger Cardinal , 1972 ) is sometimes used to cover this type of work. Dubuffet claimed that such art—‘springing from pure invention and in no way based, as cultural art constantly is, on chameleon- or parrot-like processes’—is evidence of a power of originality that all...

Outsider art

Outsider art   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
234 words

...art , a term used to describe the art made by people not conventionally associated with art production, such as psychiatric patients, children, and prisoners. It is synonymous with Art Brut—‘raw art’—a term coined by Jean Dubuffet , who, in 1964 , began to collect works he considered to be free from cultural norms and fashions or traditions in art. In 1948 he had founded the Compagnie de l'Art Brut with André Breton , in the first edition of whose periodical Dubuffet defined the term as ‘works executed by people free from artistic culture, for whom...

Aboriginal art

Aboriginal art   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
166 words

...art Traditional Aboriginal art is found in many forms, including rock paintings, wood carving, ceremonial clothing, sand painting, sculpting, and painting on leaves. Together these forms of Aboriginal art, incorporating icons and symbols, are the oldest continuous expression of art in the world. Aboriginal rock art dates back 40,000 years. Storytelling and totem representation, along with mythological allusions, are central features in Australian indigenous art. Ceremonies and rituals, often with spiritual connotations, are often depicted in Aboriginal art....

Tiwi Art

Tiwi Art   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
73 words

...Tiwi Art The Tiwi Islands are part of the Northern Territory, some 80 km to the north of Darwin. They comprise Melville Island, Bathurst Island, and nine smaller uninhabited islands. The creation of indigenous Australian art is an important part of Tiwi island culture. There are three art centres on the islands that cooperate under the name of Tiwi Art. The art produced is abstract, geometric, brightly coloured, and highly collectable. Kenneth...

Mycenaean art

Mycenaean art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
82 words

...art . A term applied to the art of Greece in the Late Bronze Age (Late Helladic Period), that is, from about 1500 to about 1100 bc . Usually the term embraces the art not only of the mainland, but also of the Greek Islands with the exception of Crete ( see Minoan art ). Mycenaean art is named after the fortress-city of Mycenae, the site of the most important remains, which was excavated by the German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in the...

Concrete art

Concrete art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
93 words

...art . Term applied to abstract art that is intended to be totally autonomous, repudiating all figurative references and symbolic associations. The name was coined by Theo van Doesburg , who in Paris in 1930 issued a manifesto called Art Concret (it took the form of the first number of a periodical with this title, but no other numbers were issued). Although Concrete art is typically severely geometrical, it is not necessarily so; for example, the sculpture of Max Bill (an artist particularly associated with Concrete art) often uses graceful spiral...

land art

land art   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
449 words

... art. In questioning the methods by which art was normally exhibited, Land art was disruptive to modernist critical practices; it has, consequently, been seen as a branch of Conceptual art. The comparison is derived from incidental, rather than theoretical similarities; many Land art projects were so big that they had to remain at the planning stage, by implication becoming examples of Conceptual art. The use of photographic records for both types of art also appears to unite them. Whereas Conceptual art advocated a dematerialization of the art object,...

Outsider art

Outsider art   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
512 words

...art Art critic Roger Cardinal coined the term outsider art in 1972 as an English translation for the French term art brut (“raw art”), the spontaneous visual art produced by individuals in mental health institutions and prisons, as well as art by children. This rather specific definition no longer applies to outsider art, which has been expanded to include art created by unschooled artists living outside the mainstream of contemporary culture, uninvolved with the art world. Unlike folk artists, many of whom are influenced by traditional styles and...

Māori art

Māori art   Quick reference

Rebecca Lenihan

Dictionary Plus Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
149 words

...Māori art The name given to art produced by Māori, or that makes use of traditional Māori symbols and motifs. Very broadly, there are three main periods of Māori art; Māori rock art, traditional Māori art, and contemporary Māori art. Māori rock art often portrays everyday subjects, for example people, birds, dogs, and waka (canoes), as well as taniwha (supernatural creatures of Māori mythology) and other spiritual beings. Traditional Māori artists worked with flax and other fibres to create woven creations, and with wood, stone, bone, and pounamu to create...

applied art

applied art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
38 words

...art . Term describing the design or decoration of functional objects so as to make them aesthetically pleasing. It is used in distinction to fine art , although there is often no clear dividing line between the two...

Art Informel

Art Informel   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
162 words

... Informel , term coined by the French critic Michel Tapié to describe a type of spontaneous abstract painting popular among European artists in the 1940s and 1950s, roughly equivalent to Abstract Expressionism in the USA. Tapié popularized the term in his book Un art autre ( 1952 ), and these two terms—Art Autre and Art Informel—are sometimes used more or less synonymously. They are rarely used with any precision, but some critics regard Art Informel as a narrower term, representing only one aspect of the broader trend of Art Autre (which includes...

Systemic art

Systemic art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
79 words

...art . Term coined by Lawrence Alloway in 1966 to describe a type of abstract art characterized by the use of very simple standardized forms, usually geometric in character, either in a single concentrated image or repeated in a system arranged according to a clearly visible principle of organization. The chevron paintings of Noland are examples of Systemic art. It has been described as a branch of Minimal art , but Alloway extended the term to cover Colour Field Painting...

Insular art

Insular art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
93 words

...art . A term applied to art produced in the British Isles (more specifically northern England, Ireland, and Scotland) from about ad 500 to 900 . It is used mainly in the field of illuminated manuscripts, where its neutrality circumvents the controversies (sometimes fuelled by national loyalties) about the place of origin of certain works, such as the Book of Kells , as well as underlining the close cultural links between Ireland and the north of Britain during this period ( see Celtic art ). The term Hiberno-Saxon art is used in a similar...

Art Informel

Art Informel   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
133 words

... Informel . Term coined by the French critic Michel Tapié to describe a type of spontaneous abstract painting popular among European artists in the 1940s and 1950s, roughly equivalent to Abstract Expressionism in the USA. Tapié popularized the term in his book Un art autre ( 1952 ), and these two terms— Art Autre and Art Informel—are sometimes used more or less synonymously. They are rarely used with any precision, but some critics regard Art Informel as a narrower term, representing only one aspect of the broader trend of Art Autre (which includes...

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