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Overview

arrest

Subject: Law

N. The apprehension of a person suspected of criminal activities. Most arrests are made by police officers, although anybody may, under prescribed conditions, effect an arrest. ...

arrest

arrest   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
220 words

...range of reasons ( see arrestable offence ). When an arrest is made, the accused must be told that he is being arrested and given the ground for his arrest. The arresting police officer has power to search the person he is arresting for any property that may be used in evidence against him. Anyone making or assisting in an arrest may use as much force as reasonable in the circumstances. Resisting lawful arrest may constitute the crime of assault or obstructing a police officer . A person who believes he has been wrongfully arrested may petition for habeas...

Arrest

Arrest   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,021 words

... . An arrest occurs when a person is taken into custody, or forcibly restrained, by legal authority. Law enforcement officers, who are government employees such as local police officers and federal agents, make most arrests. These “government actor” arrests are often accompanied by searches that may uncover evidence to be used in the prosecution of criminal charges. Such a “search incident to arrest” is limited to the arrested person and that person's “wingspan.” Government actor arrests are also often followed by interrogation . Statements made under...

arrest

arrest   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
799 words

...have been given ever greater arrest powers, both by the judges through development of the common law, and by the legislature. Thus warrants are now used only occasionally—eg if someone skips bail or escapes from prison—almost eliminating judicial control of the police power to arrest. The police can now arrest anyone reasonably suspected of committing a crime (or of being about to do so) or who is reasonably suspected of having done so in the past. Police can arrest in circumstances where, were they private citizens, the arrest would be unlawful. For...

arrest

arrest   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
177 words

...arrest Detention of a person by an investigating official or another citizen, using words or physical seizure. An arrest must be made on lawful grounds, for an arrestable offence, within the scope of the power of arrest (e.g. the criteria specified in Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Act 2002 (NSW) s 99). Former distinctions between arrestable and non-arrestable offences , and between offences for which police have power to arrest without warrant and offences for which an arrest warrant is required, grew out of common law principles...

arrest

arrest   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
444 words

...power to search the person he is arresting for any property that may be used in evidence against him. Anyone making or assisting in an arrest may use as much force as reasonable in the circumstances. Resisting lawful arrest may involve the crime of assault or obstructing a police officer. A person who believes he has been wrongfully arrested may petition for habeas corpus and may sue the person who arrested him for false imprisonment . See also bail ; caution ; citizen's arrest ; detention ; remand...

cardiopulmonary arrest

cardiopulmonary arrest   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
11 words

...cardiopulmonary arrest A failure of both the cardiac and respiratory...

cardiac arrest

cardiac arrest   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...arrest Cessation of the effective pumping action of the heart. During acardiac arrest, the heart may be beating rapidly without pumping any blood, or it may stop beating completely. Cardiac arrest is marked by an abrupt loss of consciousness and absence of breathing or...

metaphase arrest

metaphase arrest   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
23 words

...arrest referring to the accumulation of metaphase figures in a population of cells poisoned with colchicine, Colcemid, or some other spindle...

d’Arrest

d’Arrest   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Arrest A comet with an orbital period of 6.51 years; perihelion date 1 August 2001 ; perihelion distance 1.346...

cardiac arrest

cardiac arrest   Quick reference

Food and Fitness: A Dictionary of Diet and Exercise (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...arrest The cessation of the effective pumping action of the heart. The heart may be beating rapidly without pumping any blood, or it may have stopped beating entirely. Cardiac arrest is marked by an abrupt loss of consciousness, and the absence of breathing and...

respiratory arrest

respiratory arrest n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
57 words

...arrest n. cessation of breathing, which, without treatment, will very quickly be followed by cardiac arrest. It may result from airway obstruction, brain, spinal, or lung injury, overdose of certain medications (e.g. opioids), disease of the muscles and/or nerves necessary for breathing, or severe lung disease. Treatment includes clearance of any airway blockage and ventilatory...

resisting arrest

resisting arrest   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
157 words

...arrest Taking any action to prevent one’s arrest. A person may use reasonable force to resist an illegal arrest ( Christie v Leachinsky [ 1947 ] AC 573 (HL)). If he resists a legal arrest, however, he lays himself open to a charge of assaulting or obstructing a police officer in the course of his duty (Offences against the Person Act 1861 s 38, Police Act 1996 s 89). The fact that the police officer was in plain clothes is no defence to such a charge. The House of Lords has ruled that it is the right and duty of every citizen to take reasonable...

crack arrest

crack arrest   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...crack arrest Crack propagation that stops of its own accord when the energy release rate of the loaded component or structure falls below a critical value. If predictable, it can be incorporated into structural-integrity...

thermal arrest

thermal arrest   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...thermal arrest The constant-temperature section of a heating or cooling curve for a pure substance, or for alloys having eutectic or eutectoid compositions, that occurs when there is a phase change. It is applied particularly to...

cardiac arrest

cardiac arrest   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
81 words

...cardiac arrest A complete cessation of heart function. It can result from a large number of causes including airway , breathing or circulatory problems, drugs , poisons, myocardial infarction , circulatory collapse, anaphylaxis , and respiratory arrest . Ineffective pumping action of the heart can occur when the ventricles of the heart beat very rapidly ( fibrillation ). Without prompt treatment, irreversible brain damage will occur. Management depends on the cause but initially is by commencing basic life support...

respiratory arrest

respiratory arrest   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
69 words

...arrest cessation of breathing, which – without treatment – will very quickly be followed by cardiac arrest . It may result from airway obstruction, brain or spinal injury, overdose of certain medications (e.g. opioids), disease of the muscles and/or nerves necessary for breathing, or severe lung disease or injury. Treatment must be prompt and include clearance of any blockage in the airway and ventilatory support, for example by mouth-to-mouth resuscitation...

respiratory arrest

respiratory arrest   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
50 words

...respiratory arrest Cessation of breathing. It may be due to airway obstruction, brain or spinal injury, drug overdosage, or disease or trauma to the lungs, muscles, or nerves necessary for breathing. Treatment includes removal of any airway blockage and establishing ventilatory support as quickly as...

cardiac arrest

cardiac arrest   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Body

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
215 words

...arrest Cardiac: pertaining to the heart. Arrest: stop. Cardiac arrest: previously equated with death, but since the advent of modern resuscitation methods, an emergency well known to viewers of hospital soaps. When the heart stops, and the circulating blood therefore comes to a standstill, that part of the brain which allows conscious function has only a few minutes to survive. The heart stops beating if the pacemaker-generated rhythm is halted, or if conduction of the electrical impulses is disrupted, sending the muscle of the ventricles — the heart's...

cardiac arrest

cardiac arrest n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
85 words

...arrest n. the cessation of effective pumping action of the heart, which may be because the heart stops beating altogether (asystole), because there is normal electrical activity without mechanical pumping activity (pulseless electrical activity), or because there is rapid, chaotic, electrical and mechanical activity (ventricular fibrillation). There is abrupt loss of consciousness, absence of the pulse, and breathing stops. Unless treated promptly, irreversible brain damage and death follow within minutes. Some patients may be resuscitated by massage of...

cardiac arrest

cardiac arrest   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
112 words

...arrest the cessation of effective pumping action of the heart. This may be because the heart stops beating altogether ( asystole ), because there is normal electrical activity without mechanical pumping activity ( pulseless electrical activity ), or because there is rapid, chaotic, ineffective electrical and mechanical activity of the heart (ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia ). There is abrupt loss of consciousness, absence of the pulse, and breathing stops. Unless treated promptly, irreversible brain damage and death follow within...

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