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appetitive behaviour

The active, goal-seeking and exploratory phase of behaviour that precedes the more stereotyped consummatory behaviour that the animal exhibits when it reaches its goal. Upon reaching the ...

appetitive behaviour

appetitive behaviour n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... behaviour n. Behaviour motivated by desire for food or drink. US appetitive behavior...

appetitive behaviour

appetitive behaviour   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
231 words

... behaviour The active, * goal -seeking and exploratory phase of behaviour that precedes the more stereotyped * consummatory behaviour that the animal exhibits when it reaches its goal. Upon reaching the goal, appetitive behaviour normally ceases. In some cases, there are difficulties in separating appetitive goal-seeking behaviour from other forms of behaviour. For example, the nest-building behaviour of the blackbird ( Turdus merula ) begins with the search for large twigs to form a foundation. Small twigs are then collected to form the sides. The...

appetitive behaviour

appetitive behaviour  

The active, goal-seeking and exploratory phase of behaviour that precedes the more stereotyped consummatory behaviour that the animal exhibits when it reaches its goal. Upon reaching the goal, ...
Pericles

Pericles   Reference library

Sonia Massai and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,543 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...interpretation of the emblematic shields and mottoes carried by the six suitors. Pericles is mocked for his modest apparel. The joust takes place offstage. 7 Pericles wins but looks melancholic and refuses to eat at the banquet. Simonides and his daughter Thaisa also lose their appetite: Thaisa is charmed by the mysterious knight and her father is too keen to discover his origins to care about food. Simonides sends his daughter over to Pericles to enquire about his identity. Pericles refrains from disclosing his real identity and introduces himself as a lord...

Sensibility

Sensibility   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,039 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...multiplying ‘encounters with things and persons’, evoking ‘passions and refining them into manners’, experienced in turn as male sensibility. Commercial capitalists changed their manners in fostering new modes of mass mannerliness among customers—both groups primed to change by appetite, by mobility, by religion, by successful rebellions and reactions, as well as by emulativeness and the other possibilities nurtured by alehouse culture. Trumpeting of the reformation of manners marked anxieties over the triumph of moneyed interests and attempts to uphold an...

Popular Culture

Popular Culture   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,520 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...handkerchief carrying the tragic image and verses of *Chatterton , he had been sorely conscious of the fate of the failed poet. Of all the literary figures he encountered in London, Clare really warmed only to unpretentious John Hamilton Reynolds ( 1796–1832 ) whose appetite for drink, jest, and the ‘Fancy’ chimed with plebeian tastes. Clare also sensed that his own beloved rural culture was fast becoming a commercial item. The language, customary calendar, recreational rituals, and modes of work of his early life were being marketed as objects of...

Women

Women   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,844 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Wollstonecraft, he emphasized the role of male sexual licence and profligacy in the degradation of women within marriage and within society generally. He expressed outrage at the way in which every aspect of women's lives was directed towards the gratification of men's animal appetites. And he discussed at length the ways in which existing sexual morality gave pre-eminence to male desire while refusing even to recognize the existence of women's sexuality. One of the greatest injustices women suffered, especially once married, he argued, arose from the fact...

exploratory behaviour

exploratory behaviour  

A form of appetitive behaviour that may be goal-orientated (e.g. the search for food or nesting material) or concerned with the examination of areas or articles with which an animal is unfamiliar, in ...
consummatory

consummatory  

In animals, applied to behaviour associated with the achievement of a goal (e.g. the eating of food) as distinct from appetitive behaviour (e.g. searching for food).
appetitive

appetitive  

A general and rather imprecise adjective that is applied to the behaviour exhibited by an animal that is exploring its environment or seeking a goal. See consummatory.
appetite

appetite  

A complex phenomenon, not to be confused with hunger, that in humans is the comparatively pleasant, though at times compelling, anticipation of certain foods. In other animals, appetite is studied by ...
major depressive episode

major depressive episode  

A mood episode, lasting at least two weeks, characterized by five or more of the following symptoms, including at least one of the first two, for at least two weeks: depressed mood or depression most ...
feeding

feeding  

All behaviour that involves the obtaining, manipulation, and ingestion of food. Compare foraging.
orexin

orexin  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Potent orexigenic (appetite-stimulating) peptides, orexin-A (hypocretin-1, 33 aa) and orexin B (hypocretin-2, 28 aa), derived from the same precursor peptide. They are specifically localized in ...
satiation

satiation  

A process that leads to the cessation of an activity, applied most commonly to feeding behaviour. Satiation may be associated with physiological changes and it occurs before the point at which ...
goal

goal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The state that is presumed to exist within the brain of an animal and which corresponds to a state of affairs the animal seeks to achieve. It is inferred from observation of the stimuli that ...
hunger

hunger  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The desire for food that can be a pleasant sensation under normal circumstances but can be very unpleasant, even painful, if not satisfied in a timely manner. Hunger is a dominant feeling, both ...
reinforcement

reinforcement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(in animal behaviour)Increasing (or decreasing) the frequency of a particular behaviour through conditioning, by arranging for some biologically important event (the reinforcer) always to follow ...
Trueblood

Trueblood  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Jim Trueblood has generally been depicted as a Black male who, unable to control his sexual appetites, breaks one of humanity's greatest taboosincest. He further has the dubious distinction of ...
incentive

incentive  

A cash payment or some other reward that is offered to employees conditional on an improvement in performance. The purpose of an incentive is to induce motivation.

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