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antefix

[Ar]

A Latin word for a terracotta plaque covering the end of an imbrex at eaves level, and usually decorated with an apotropaic subject.

antefix

antefix   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
25 words

... [Ar] A Latin word for a terracotta plaque covering the end of an imbrex at eaves level, and usually decorated with an apotropaic ...

Antefix

Antefix   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
36 words

... . Ornamental tile used on the eaves and cornices of ancient buildings, to conceal the ends of the tiles; the term also used to denote the ornamental heads of animals making the spouts from the...

Antefix

Antefix   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
581 words

...the provenance of an antefix does not necessarily correlate with the origin of the mold or the workshop using it. Among the options available for antefix decoration, the palmette, or stylized palm leaf, the lotus, and other floral patterns were common motifs. Also, the frontal face, sometimes divinely beautiful, at other times monstrous (e.g., the gorgoneion), was one of the most effective and widely used, especially in northwestern Greece and Magna Graecia. According to Pliny the Elder ( Natural History 35.151–152) the face antefix was the invention of a...

Antefix

Antefix   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
525 words

... [ antefixum ; pl. antefixes, antefixa ] . Plaque closing the outer end of the final cover tile in each row of overlapping cover tiles running down from the ridge to the eaves of a sloped roof on Classical Greek and Roman and on Neo-classical buildings. Its practical functions were to prevent rain from penetrating below the cover tile and seeping through the opening between the adjacent pan tiles beneath, and to prevent wind from dislodging the row of cover tiles. Although functional in origin, the antefix soon also became a decorative element adorned...

antefix

antefix noun   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
51 words

... noun (also in Latin form antefixum , plural antefixa ) M19 Latin ( antefixum , from as ante - before + noun use of fixus fixed). Classical Architecture An ornament on an eave or cornice to conceal the ends of tiles; also, as ornamental head, etc., making a spout from a gutter. Usually in plural...

antefix

antefix  

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[Ar]A Latin word for a terracotta plaque covering the end of an imbrex at eaves level, and usually decorated with an apotropaic subject.
persona

persona  

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Overview Page
1 Gargoyle carved as a grotesque mask.2 Antefix, or stop to the ends of the joint tiles of an Antique temple, appearing at the cymatium or corona of the cornice.
Ornament and pattern

Ornament and pattern  

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Overview Page
Vegetal, geometric and other forms of ornament play an unusually important role in the architecture and visual arts of the Islamic lands, where virtually all surfaces are decorated (see Subject ...
anthemion

anthemion  

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Overview Page
(pl. anthemia).1 Decorative group of leafy forms resembling a radiating cluster of flowers on the same plant, and called by some a honeysuckle: it occurs in Classical architecture above acroteria, on ...
stele

stele  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An upright carved stone marking an antique grave.
persona

persona   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
38 words

...1. Gargoyle carved as a grotesque mask. 2. Antefix , or stop to the ends of the joint-tiles of an Antique temple , appearing at the cymatium or corona of the cornice...

ante-

ante-   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
330 words
Illustration(s):
1

...or narthex at the west end of a church, with aisles and nave , sometimes a few bays long, e.g. the five-aisled Galilee , Durham Cathedral ( c. 1170–80); ante-court : first court of a great house, preceding the cour d’honneur , giving access to service-wings; antefix , antefixum ( pl . antefixes , antefixa ): 1. Decorative termination (often featuring anthemion ) of the covering-tiles over the joints of roof-tiles placed on the eaves -tiles or on top of the cyma of the cornice , and sometimes on the ridge -crest of a Greek...

Sculpture, Architectural

Sculpture, Architectural   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
7,063 words

...a procession of soldiers. Friezes were also used for the decoration of altars, the most notable example being the processional friezes carved on the sides of the Ara Pacis Augustae ( 13–9 bce ), which feature the emperor and members of the imperial family. [ See also Altars ; Antefix ; Ara Pacis Augustae ; Architecture, subentry Forms and Terms ; Capitals ; Columns, Commemorative ; Mausoleum ; Moldings, Architectural ; Narrative, Artistic ; Pantheon ; Parthenon ; Sculpture ; Temples ; and Treasuries .] Bibliography Barletta, Barbara A. The...

Terracotta

Terracotta   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
8,664 words
Illustration(s):
1

... : The Sanctuary of Santa Venera at Paestum II: The Votive Terracottas (Ann Arbor, 2002) 3. R eliefs and plaques . Greek terracotta reliefs can take the form of small, figurine-like objects, large decorative plaques, grave stelai, architectural decoration or revetment ( see Antefix ), oscilla (objects to be hung in the breeze) or applied decoration on furniture, pottery, lamps or other portable objects. In the Archaic period at many sites in Sicily and South Italy , terracotta altars ( arulae ) had hand-modelled or mould-made relief decoration. In the...

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
93,988 words
Illustration(s):
35

..., early 3rd century bc ). Roofs without gutters were decorated with antefixes at the ends of the cover tiles nearest the eaves. These were usually in the shape of palmettes but sometimes took more elaborate figural forms, particularly during the Archaic period ( see Antefix ). The outer edges of the flat eaves tiles occasionally also bore painted decoration. Finally, the ridge tiles were surmounted by further palmettes, while acroteria sometimes crowned the gable ends ( see Acroterion ). A terracotta gutter (sima) was frequently employed to...

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