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Overview

annualization

In the USA, a procedure specified by the Internal Revenue Code in which taxable income for part of a year is multiplied by 12 and divided by the number of months involved to give a monthly ...

Annuals

Annuals   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
574 words

... ( 1866 ). The most notable new annual of the 20th century was Blackie's Children's Annual . The 1920s were particularly rich in new annual publications, including Joy Street , Mrs Strang's Annual for Girls ( 1919 , renamed The Oxford Annual for Girls ) and The Greyfriars Holiday Annual ( 1920 ). For many years, the Amalgamated Press dominated the market for younger readers, with Tiny Tots ( 1899 ) and Playbox Annual ( 1909 ). The School Friend Annual appeared in 1927 and the Girls’ Crystal Annual in 1940 . In the post–World War II...

annuals

annuals   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
1,225 words

...on their first appearance in the annuals. The young Tennyson contributed poetry for some five years to various annuals, Leigh Hunt contributed essays to the Keepsake , Macaulay published his poem ‘Armada’ in Friendship's Offering ( 1833 ), and even the scornful Charles Lamb who termed the annuals ‘ostentatious trumpery’ was persuaded by his editor friends to contribute to the Bijou ( 1827 ) and the Gem ( 1829 ). Despite the snobbery of writers like Lockhart (who tried unsuccessfully to establish an annual himself) and Thackeray (who...

poetry annuals

poetry annuals   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
110 words

...annuals Published as giftbooks, annuals flourished from the mid‐1820s to the 1840s and were the most influential force in poetry publishing in this period. Well‐known titles included The Literary Souvenir , The Keepsake, Forget‐Me‐Not , and Fisher's Drawing‐Room Scrapbook . Their popularity stemmed from their engravings of famous paintings, fashionable people, and exotic locations: authors produced poems to fit these pictures. The annuals paid well in a disastrous market, and poets such as William Wordsworth , S. T. Coleridge , Walter Scott , and ...

poetry annuals

poetry annuals   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
111 words

...annuals Published as giftbooks, annuals flourished from the mid‐1820s to the 1840s and were the most influential force in poetry publishing in this period. Well‐known titles included The Literary Souvenir , The Keepsake, Forget‐Me‐Not , and Fisher's Drawing‐Room Scrapbook . Their popularity stemmed from their engravings of famous paintings, fashionable people, and exotic locations: authors produced poems to fit these pictures. The annuals paid well in a disastrous market, and poets such as William Wordsworth , S. T. Coleridge , Walter Scott , and ...

annuals and keepsakes

annuals and keepsakes   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
188 words

...of up to 30,000 copies. Trollope contributed to such annuals and occasional books one or two otherwise uncollected short stories: ‘Christmas Day at Kirkby Cottage’ appeared in Macmillan's Magazine , 1870 ; Good Cheer for 1882 carried ‘The Two Heroines of Plumplington’; in the same year the Life Christmas annual published ‘Not if I Know It’. First publication of two short stories which eventually became part of Lotta Schmidt and Other Stories was in table books: The Victoria Regia carried ‘The Journey to Panama’ in 1861 and A Welcome ( 1863 )...

annuals and gift books

annuals and gift books   Reference library

Beverly Taylor

Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
200 words

... and gift books . Though reviewers and notable contributors disparaged the literary merit of annuals and gift books, Dickens did not escape the vogue for sumptuously bound collections of quality steel engravings and undistinguished poetry, tales, and travel sketches. Introduced to England by engraver Rudolph Ackermann , the 1823 Forget Me Not initiated enthusiasm for annuals that lasted over 30 years. Primarily addressed to young women and edited by fashionable ladies, annuals bore such titles as Iris , Amulet , and among the more successful, ...

annuals and bedding plants

annuals and bedding plants   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... and bedding plants . Annuals are some of the most colourful and easily grown of all garden plants. The diverse range of species covers many plant habits, textures, colours, and fragrances, making them adaptable to most garden situations. Annuals by their very nature have a short life cycle and many bloom in profusion throughout the summer and continue right through to the autumn, making them a valuable addition to the garden. Annuals are frequntly used as bedding plants but not all bedding plants are annuals. In climates such as that of the British Isles...

Annuals

Annuals   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
166 words

... Formed in 2003 by Adam Baker (vocals), Kenny Florence (guitar), Mike Robinson (bass), Zach Oden (guitar), Anna Spence (piano) and Nick Radford (drums), this North Carolina-based band endeared themselves to many critics with their playful and inventive indie rock. The members had been playing together in bands for several years and Annuals was in fact launched as an offshoot of lead guitarist Florence’s main band, Sedona. The sextet’s early releases, the Lay Down Dry demo and the Git’ Got EP, were released via the independent Terpsikhore Records label....

Annuals

Annuals  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Formed in 2003 by Adam Baker (vocals), Kenny Florence (guitar), Mike Robinson (bass), Zach Oden (guitar), Anna Spence (piano) and Nick Radford (drums), this North Carolina-based band endeared ...
annuals

annuals  

Reference type:
Overview Page
This term covers miscellanies, such as Joy Street (1923) or Blackie's Children's Annual (1905); annual publications associated with weekly or monthly story papers or comics, such as Dandy (1939) or ...
poetry annuals

poetry annuals  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Published as giftbooks, annuals flourished from the mid‐1820s to the 1840s and were the most influential force in poetry publishing in this period. Well‐known titles included The Literary Souvenir, ...
annual

annual   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
28 words

... Plant that completes its life cycle in one growing season, such as the sweet pea, sunflower, and wheat. Annual plants overwinter as seeds. See also biennial ; ...

annual

annual   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Agriculture and Land Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
63 words

... 1. A plant whose life cycle occurs within a one-year period. This includes germination, flowering, and fruiting. Common agricultural examples of annuals are wheat and barley . 2. Annual rings describe the new wood formed in the trunk of a tree . These are easily identifiable when cut through, and can indicate the age of a tree. See also biannual ; biennial...

annual

annual   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biology (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
31 words

...annual A plant that completes its life cycle in one year, during which time it germinates, flowers, produces seeds, and dies. Examples are the sunflower and marigold. Compare biennial ; ephemeral ; perennial...

annual

annual   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... A plant that completes its life cycle (germination, growth, flowering and fruiting, then death) in a single growing season and so has a lifespan of 1 year. See also biennial ; perennial plant ; seasonal plant...

annual

annual   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... Applied to a plant that completes its life cycle (from germination to flowering to seed production and the death of vegetative parts) within a single growing season . See also therophyte . Compare biennial ; ephemeral ; perennial...

annualization

annualization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Accounting (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
38 words

... In the USA, a procedure specified by the Internal Revenue Code in which taxable income for part of a year is multiplied by 12 and divided by the number of months involved to give a monthly...

annual

annual   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Plant Sciences (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
37 words

... Applied to a plant that completes its life cycle (from germination to flowering to seed production and the death of vegetative parts) within a single growing season. Compare biennial ; ephemeral ; perennial ; see also therophyte...

annual

annual   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
343 words

...a magazine’s Christmas compendium, such as Peter Parley ’s Magazine and Annual ( 1840 onwards). At first these latter productions were simply bound volumes of a year’s periodical parts, perhaps embellished with extra colour plates. In some cases, however, an annual outlived its parent magazine, by 30 years in the case of Peter Parley’s . An unusual case of an annual begetting a magazine, rather than the other way round, was Basil Blackwell’s Joy Street , in the 1920s. Annuals in the first half of the 20th cent., in Britain and America, were generally...

annual

annual   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
796 words

... For Victorians, the word ‘ annual ’ generally meant not just any work published on an annual basis but, more particularly, a literary annual or Christmas book of the sort originally published in October 1822 by *Ackermann . That year, he launched the first Forget Me Not (dated 1823 ), ushering in what an anonymous writer in the Bookseller described as a ‘class of highly illustrated books which formed … so striking a feature of the literature and fine arts of the United Kingdom, under the designation of “ Annual s;” and which, besides the...

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