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animals in cult

Numerous features of Greek religion attest links between animals and gods, usually between one animal or group of animals and one divinity. Thus Athena is associated with various birds (in ...

animals in cult

animals in cult   Reference library

Emily Kearns

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
480 words

... in cult Numerous features of Greek religion attest links between animals and gods, usually between one animal or group of animals and one divinity. Thus Athena is associated with various birds (in Athens especially the owl); Dionysus is called ‘bull’ in an Elean hymn (Plut. Mor. 299b; see elis ) and seen as a bull by Pentheus (Eur. Bacch. 920–2). There are traces, too, of a closer identification, in which gods (and/or their worshippers) appear in animal or part-animal form. Arcadia was in historical times the special home of theriomorphic...

animals in cult

animals in cult   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
267 words

... in cult Numerous features of Greek religion attest links between animals and gods, usually between one animal or group of animals and one divinity. Thus Athena is associated with various birds (in Athens esp. the owl); Dionysus is called ‘bull’ in an Elean hymn and seen as a bull by Pentheus in Euripides' Bacchae . There are traces, too, of a closer identification, in which gods (and/or their worshippers) appear in animal or part‐animal form. Arcadia was in historical times the special home of theriomorphic deities; here we find a myth of ...

animals in cult

animals in cult  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Numerous features of Greek religion attest links between animals and gods, usually between one animal or group of animals and one divinity. Thus Athena is associated with various birds (in Athens ...
Sensibility

Sensibility   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,039 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... the Spectator could recommend perceiving the miserable and hungry in London's streets as ‘a different species’, and aggrandize the pleasure of ‘a secret comparison’ between ‘ourselves and the person who suffers’. Journals such as the Spectator were an important part of a public culture which encouraged its new middle-class audience to pursue the cult and language of sensibility. This word and its cognates denoted the receptivity of the senses—the material basis of consciousness—in a psychoperceptual scheme combining John *Locke 's psychology with ...

Psychology

Psychology   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,151 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of Edinburgh physician Robert Whytt ( 1714–66 ), mesmerism through the British disciples of Frantz Anton Mesmer ( 1734–1815 ) [ see *animal magnetism ], and a lively cult of craniology or *phrenology through the lectures and demonstrations of Johann Caspar Spurzheim ( 1776–1832 ) and Franz Joseph Gall ( 1758–1828 ). Religious spokesmen and philosophers overlapped both in the offices that they held and in the problems that engaged their attention: the latter encompassed the epistemological grapplings of associationists inspired by * Locke and...

Painting

Painting   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,778 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in the representations of later Academy exhibitions, for example George Scharf 's ( 1788–1860 ) water-colour of The Royal Academy Exhibition, 1828 . Scharf's image, packed with portraits painted by the stars of the Academy, and with the top-hatted, besuited, and beribboned members of the urban bourgeoisie who have come to view them, usefully reveals that the Romantic cult of the individual exemplified by the boom in portraiture was being articulated along a collective, commercialized circuit of taste. Each sitter and viewer takes his or her place in a...

Popular Culture

Popular Culture   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,520 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in the performances of the famous London *phrenologist Deville. Clare's own magpie mind conjoined the countryman's minute and animistic knowledge of local flora and fauna with complex theories of botanical classification derived from works like John Ray 's Historia Planetarum ( 1686–1704 ) and John Parkinson 's Theatrum Botanicum ( 1640 ). Scientific and folk cosmologies could thus find themselves in unlikely couplings. Belief in the possibility of glimpsing the future was one of the attractions of the contemporary vogue of *animal magnetism...

Aetolian cults and myths

Aetolian cults and myths  

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Overview Page
Relatively isolated, after the Archaic period Aetolia had the reputation of a rough and violent region. In cult the massive conflagration of live birds and wild animals for Artemis Laphria ...
Kāmākhyā

Kāmākhyā  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(‘wanton-eyed’).Hindu goddess, a form of Durgā. Her cult was associated with human sacrifice until 1832, when animal sacrifice was substituted. Details concerning her cult were gathered in ...
mountain cults

mountain cults  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Mountains were places of special cult, to the point that Mt. Maenalus in Arcadia (central Peloponnese) was considered sacred to Pan in its entirety. The location of a sanctuary was rarely the exact ...
women in cult

women in cult  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Women played a prominent part in the public religious life of Greek cities. Most cults of a goddess were served by a priestess rather than a priest, each local sanctuary following its own tradition ...
fertility rites

fertility rites  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The promotion of the generative powers of earth, water, and human, animal, and fish populations is a common concern of major religions and small-scale cults the world over. In this ...
Juok and the Creation of the Races

Juok and the Creation of the Races  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Shilluk/Sudan)Juok (Jwok), the supreme being, created the world, its plants, animals, and people. There are three levels of belief: the recognition and worship of Juok, the cult of Nyikang and the ...
Greek sacrifice

Greek sacrifice  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Sacrifice was the central rite in Greek religion (see religion, greek), but there is no single Greek equivalent to the English word ‘sacrifice’. The practices we bring together under this heading ...
Korneli

Korneli  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Pseudo-saint of Breton folklore associated with the megalithic monuments at Carnac. According to local legend, Korneli was being pursued by vicious enemies in an ox-cart when he turned and placed a ...
Walstan of Bawburgh

Walstan of Bawburgh  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(date uncertain),confessor. This local saint of Norfolk, almost unknown elsewhere, is not mentioned in any known liturgical document, but there is plenty of evidence for an unofficial cult of some ...
Alaca Hüyük, Turkey

Alaca Hüyük, Turkey  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Si]Multi‐period settlement site covering more than 7 ha near Alaca to the east of Ankara on the Anatolian Plateau. Extensive excavations by Hamit Kosay during the period 1935–49 established the long ...
animal

animal  

Animal Farm a fable (1945) by George Orwell which consists of a satire on Russian Communism as it developed under Stalin. The animals of the farm, led by the pigs, revolt against the cruel farmer, ...
Cosmas and Damian

Cosmas and Damian  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(date unknown).They were martyred at Cyrrhus, where a famous basilica was built in their honour and whence their cult spread throughout the Christian world. Other notable churches built in their ...
West Hill, Uley, Gloucestershire, England

West Hill, Uley, Gloucestershire, England  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Si]Later prehistoric and Romano‐British ritual site and temple in the southern Cotswolds. The site was extensively excavated by Ann Woodward and Peter Leach in 1977–9. The earliest phase comprised ...

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