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Anagogical Interpretation

Subject: Religion

(Gk., anago, ‘I lead up’). Interpretations of scripture (hermeneutics) which point to the meaning of a text in relation to its eternal or heavenly meaning: it is the spiritual ...

anagogic interpretation

anagogic interpretation n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... interpretation n. In psychoanalysis , a mode of interpretation of dreams, myths, and other symbolic representations in order to reveal their higher allegorical or spiritual meaning. It is considered to be the opposite of ordinary analytic interpretation, which on the contrary reduces such material to its basic and often sexual content. Carl Gustav Jung ( 1875–1961 ) incorporated anagogic interpretation into his analytical psychology , but Sigmund Freud ( 1856–1939 ) rejected it as merely a reversion to pre-analytic notions (‘Dreams and...

anagogic interpretation

anagogic interpretation  

In psychoanalysis, a mode of interpretation of dreams, myths, and other symbolic representations in order to reveal their higher allegorical or spiritual meaning. It is considered to be the opposite ...
Anagogical Interpretation

Anagogical Interpretation   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48 words

... Interpretation (Gk., anago , ‘I lead up’). Interpretations of scripture ( hermeneutics ) which point to the meaning of a text in relation to its eternal or heavenly meaning: it is the spiritual sense of scripture which anticipates what the Church is or will be in heaven. See ALLEGORY...

Anagogical Interpretation

Anagogical Interpretation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Gk., anago, ‘I lead up’).Interpretations of scripture (hermeneutics) which point to the meaning of a text in relation to its eternal or heavenly meaning: it is the spiritual sense ...
anagogical

anagogical  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
[an‐ă‐goj‐ik‐ăl]Revealing a higher spiritual meaning behind the literal meaning of a text. Medieval Christian exegesis of the Bible (see typology) reinterpreted many episodes of Hebrew scripture ...
analytical psychology

analytical psychology  

A term introduced by Carl Gustav Jung (1875–1961) in 1913, the year he left the psychoanalytic movement, to denote the new approach that he saw as having evolved out of psychoanalysis under his ...
anagogical

anagogical   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... [ an-ă- goj -ik-ăl ] Revealing a higher spiritual meaning behind the literal meaning of a text. Medieval Christian exegesis of the Bible ( see typology ) reinterpreted many episodes of Hebrew scripture according to four levels of meaning: the literal, the allegorical, the moral, and the anagogical. Of these, the anagogical sense was seen as the highest, relating to the ultimate destiny of humanity according to the Christian scheme of universal history, whereas the allegorical and moral senses refer respectively to the Church and to the individual...

analytical psychology

analytical psychology n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...) in 1913 , the year he left the psychoanalytic movement, to denote the new approach that he saw as having evolved out of psychoanalysis under his leadership. Also called Jungian analysis . See abaissement du niveau mental , active imagination , amplification , anagogic interpretation , anima , animus ( 3 ) , archetypal form , archetype ( 2 ) , collective unconscious , complex indicator , directed association , directed thinking , Electra complex , enantiodromia , extraversion , fantasy thinking , function type , God-image , horme , ...

typology

typology   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...the literal, the allegorical (referring to the New Testament or the Christian Church), the moral or tropological (referring to the fate of the individual soul), and the anagogical (referring to universal history and eschatology ). In the standard illustration of this scheme, Jerusalem is literally a city, allegorically the Church, tropologically the soul of the believer, and anagogically the heavenly City of God. Typological allegory is an important element in many literary works of medieval Christianity, including Dante ’s Divina Commedia ( c .1320 ),...

biblical commentaries

biblical commentaries   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
160 words

...events, persons, or things in the New Testament, a way of reading known as ‘typology’. In the early Christian church, Origen in his commentaries emphasized allegory as the key to interpretation, and developed a threefold meaning of Scripture, literal, moral, and allegorical. Later a fourfold meaning was developed—literal, allegorical, tropological (moral), and anagogical (concerned with eternity)—which was influential until the Reformation . Important early commentators in Latin include Jerome , Augustine , and Bede . In the 18th and 19th centuries...

biblical commentaries

biblical commentaries   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
161 words

...events, persons, or things in the New Testament, a way of reading known as ‘typology’. In the early Christian church, Origen in his commentaries emphasized allegory as the key to interpretation, and developed a threefold meaning of Scripture, literal, moral, and allegorical. Later a fourfold meaning was developed—literal, allegorical, tropological (moral), and anagogical (concerned with eternity)—which was influential until the Reformation . Important early commentators in Latin include Jerome , Augustine, and Bede . In the 18th and 19th centuries...

allegory

allegory   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...meanings are political rather than religious. In the medieval discipline of biblical exegesis , allegory became an important method of interpretation, a habit of seeking correspondences between different realms of meaning (e.g. physical and spiritual) or between the Old Testament and the New ( see typology ). It can be argued that modern critical interpretation continues this allegorizing tradition. See also anagogical , emblem , exemplum , fable , parable , psychomachy , symbol . Further reading: Jeremy Tambling , Allegory ...

exegesis

exegesis   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
263 words

...is, the identification of its subject and meaning; whether it has an anagogical aspect—that is a spiritual, mystical, or allegorical intention; and whether it has a tropological meaning—that is, in the case of a religious subject, whether, for example, the representation of a NT event includes, and intends, a deliberate parallel with an OT event. S. Thomas Aquinas in the Summa and Dante in the Convivio both added allegory and moral significance to the literal and anagogical levels of meaning. One of the most important things, when dealing with...

Bible, interpretation and commentary, Greek

Bible, interpretation and commentary, Greek   Reference library

Martin Connell

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Bible reading, the literal, the allegorical, the tropological (moral), and the anagogical (spiritual); the practice became fundamental to medieval lectio divina . From the 4th century onwards, theologians associated with Antioch of Syria read scripture in a literal manner that was at odds with the methods of Origen. Such Antiochene interpreters included Diodore of Tarsus , Theodore of Mopsuestia , and John Chrysostom . The variety of methods employed in the interpretation of scripture had theological consequences, as the Bible came under close...

hermeneutics

hermeneutics   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
838 words

.... The name of Hermes, the messenger of the Greek gods, gave rise to hermēneuein , ‘to interpret’, and hermēneutike ( technē ) is the ‘art of interpretation’. It became important after the Reformation, when Protestants needed to interpret the Bible accurately. Medieval hermeneutics ascribed to the Bible four levels of meaning: literal, allegorical, tropological (moral), and anagogical (eschatological). But the Reformation insisted on literal or ‘grammatical’ exegesis and on the study of Hebrew and Greek. Modern hermeneutics falls into three phases....

Commentaries

Commentaries   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
473 words

.... Biblical commentaries hallowed the allegorical four senses of Scripture—literal, allegorical, moral, and anagogical (this last relating to the next life). The commentator interpreted the images, metaphors, and myths or stories that God had used as suitable for weak human understanding, ideally peeling away their ‘outer rind’ or ‘bark’ in order to reveal inner truths that went far beyond those attainable by reason. Allegorical interpretation was also applied to classical poems like Virgil's Aeneid and Ovid's Metamorphoses , the latter giving rise to...

senses of Scripture, Four

senses of Scripture, Four   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
603 words

...of a single event or a single historical sequence), invented by the Fathers of the Constantinian Church to escape the tyranny of the prophets . It is said that, in the late 12th c., scholars leaned on the four senses of Scripture, literal, moral, allegorical and anagogical. But the binomial remained the norm from the 5th c. to the end of the Middle Ages , the second term being one of “better understanding”. Two strong schools of exegetes can thus be distinguished between 1100 and 1220 . The first, that of the schools of Laon and Paris ...

allegory

allegory   Reference library

Dimitra Kotoula, Oliver Nicholson, Richard Flower, and Oliver Nicholson

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...those of the Exodus resembles, through typology , the liberation brought about by Christ’s Resurrection. Tropological reading points to moral significances, and anagogical interpretation uncovers meaning which may contribute to spiritual growth. This fourfold method of interpretation became standard among Christian Bible readers in the Western Middle Ages. As well as the allegorical interpretation of existing texts, Late Antiquity also saw some texts being written as allegories. Notable amongst these is Synesius of Cyrene ’s De Providentia , which uses...

Hermeneutics

Hermeneutics   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
680 words

...is thus an issue in many disciplines, it is central to the interpretation of religious utterance, and of religious and sacred texts. In the Christian tradition, there have in fact been many different styles of exegesis of the Bible. In the medieval period, scripture was expected to yield a fourfold meaning: the literal (letter) sense; the allegorical or typological sense (the meaning in the context of the drama of salvation); the moral sense (the practical meaning in terms of conduct); the anagogical sense (the meaning in relation to the purposes of God in...

Eastern Orthodox Interpretation

Eastern Orthodox Interpretation   Reference library

Paul M. Blowers

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,147 words

...scripture as a magnificent hierarchy of figures and symbols that serve paradoxically to conceal the incomprehensible Trinity from the faithful, and, through appropriate anagogical interpretation, graciously to disclose God’s truth, beauty, and goodness according to creatures’ receptive capacity. Maximus, in his hermeneutical synthesis, uses many forms of spiritual and anagogical interpretation to unearth the deeper christocentric riches of scripture ( Blowers 1991 , pp. 196–228). His exegesis, often directed toward ambiguities or “difficulties” ( aporiae ) in...

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