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amphora

Subject: Archaeology

[Ar] A large two‐handled ceramic jar with narrow neck and pointed or rounded base. Used for the storage and transportation of liquid commodities such as wine, olive oil, and fish ...

Amphora

Amphora   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
12 words

... . Ancient pottery form, used as a storage jar ( see Pottery ,...

Amphora

Amphora   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
32 words
Illustration(s):
1

... . In classical antiquity, a two-handled vessel, variously shaped, used for holding oil and wine. Black-figure Panathenaic amphora, late 6th century bc (Rome, Vatican, Museo Gregoriano Etrusco) Alinari / Art Resource,...

amphora

amphora   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
19 words

... An ancient Greek jar, of two-handled form, with flared neck, used for the storage of oil or...

Amphora

Amphora   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
385 words

...the extent of the use of amphoras in contexts ranging from household and commercial storage to long-distance transportation. Excavations in Constantinople (esp. at Sara çhane and Kalenderhane), in Cherson and the eastern Crimea, and in Pliska, Tomis, and Dinogetia show the development of amphora types in the 8th–10th C. when evidence from elsewhere is slight. By the 11th C. Byz. amphoras are again found commonly throughout the eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea, a characteristic type being a relatively small conical-shaped amphora with heavy wheel-ridges,...

Amphora

Amphora   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
3,100 words

...a variety of images. A similarly frequent system of amphora stamping also appeared on amphorae perhaps attributable to the city-state of Heracleia Pontica. Still, many amphora producers through this period rarely stamped their amphorae. Identification of unmarked jars in antiquity would have depended on the viewer's knowledge of regional potting traditions. Changes in the distribution of Archaic and Classical transport amphorae can be considered in terms of historical and economic developments. The amphora record for Asia Minor, for example, provides insight...

amphora

amphora (‘carried on both sides’])   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
233 words

... [Lat.; Gk. amphoreus , ‘carried on both sides’] Greek and Roman two-handed clay pot with narrow mouth and, usually, a pointed base (though some had flat bases), used in the ancient world for storage and transport. The shape tended to be slim and elongated to make them easier to store on board ship. The original foot turned almost into a spike to facilitate pouring. It could be stood in sand, but decorated amphorae with pointed ends often had a stand. An amphora was intended to be portable by at most two people. In Greece the earliest amphorae...

amphora

amphora   Reference library

Jeremy Paterson

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... , Latin word from the Greek for a vessel with two handles. Although the term may refer sometimes to fine wares, it is normally used to describe the large pottery containers which were used for the bulk transport of many goods and liquids, including wine, in the Mediterranean world throughout classical antiquity ( see Ancient egypt , for example). Despite the considerable variety of shape in amphorae, they mainly shared the characteristics of the two handles, a mouth narrow enough to be stoppered, and a bottom which tapered to a point (only a few,...

amphora

amphora   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
453 words

... [Ar] A large two‐handled ceramic jar with narrow neck and pointed or rounded base. Used for the storage and transportation of liquid commodities such as wine, olive oil, and fish sauce around the ancient world. One of the most abundant forms of finds in Roman and later sites. The earliest amphorae, known as Canaanite jars, originated on the Lebanese–Syrian coast in the 15th century bc . The latest amphorae date to the 7th century ad , by which time wooden and skin containers seem to have taken over the traditional roles. The study of amphorae is...

Neck amphora

Neck amphora   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
13 words

...amphora . Ancient pottery form, used as a storage jar ( see Pottery...

Globular Amphora Culture

Globular Amphora Culture   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
93 words

...Amphora Culture [CP] Late Neolithic communities of the later 2nd millennium bc occupying the Vistula, Oder, and Bug river systems in north central Europe. They are distinguished by their bulbous pots with a narrow neck and perforated lugs or small handles for suspension. Cord‐impressed decoration is usual. Burial is in single graves, usually with a stone‐lined cist. Grave goods include their distinctive pots and also axes made from banded flint obtained from the Holy Cross Mountains. The Globular Amphora Culture is contemporary with the Corded Ware...

amphorae and amphora stamps, Roman

amphorae and amphora stamps, Roman   Reference library

David J. Mattingly

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
640 words

...and amphora stamps, Roman Amphorae, ceramic coarseware jars used for transporting a range of goods, provide the most abundant and meaningful archaeological data on the nature, range, and scale of Roman inter-regional trade in commodities such as olive oil, wine , marine products and fish sauces ( see fishing ), preserved fruits, etc. Amphorae were most heavily used in long-distance transport, especially maritime or riverine, and are thus an effective guide to regional economic activity. The contents were clearly intended to be recognizable from the...

amphorae and amphora stamps, Greek

amphorae and amphora stamps, Greek   Reference library

Alan William Johnston and Virginia Randolph Grace

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,067 words

...and amphora stamps, Greek The amphora is one of the most versatile and long-lived pot shapes. A two-handled jar ( amphi-phoreus , ‘carried on both sides’), it can vary enormously in size, detail of shape, and manner of decoration. Broad-mouthed jars, plain or decorated, were generally known as kadoi or stamnoi in antiquity. Plain or part-decorated jars, more often termed amphoreus , were used widely for storage and transport; we see them often in vase scenes, and literary and epigraphic texts fill out the picture. The average capacity of Classical...

amphora

amphora noun   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
32 words

... noun plural amphorae , amphoras ME Latin (from Greek amphoreus , or French amphore ). 1 ME A Greek or Roman two-handled vessel. 2 LME A Greek or Roman liquid measure of varying...

amphora

amphora   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
22 words

... two-handed vessel; liquid measure. XIV. — L. — Gr. amphoreús lit. ‘borne on both sides’, f. AMPHI- + * phor- * pher- BEAR 2...

amphora

amphora   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
333 words

... • Altamira , chimera, clearer, Elvira, era, hearer, Hera, hetaera, interferer, lempira, lira, lire, Madeira, Megaera, monstera, rangatira, rearer, scorzonera, sera, shearer, smearer, sneerer, steerer, Thera, Utsire, Vera • acquirer , admirer, enquirer, firer, hirer, inquirer, requirer, wirer • devourer , flowerer, scourer • Angostura , Bonaventura, bravura, Bujumbura, caesura, camera obscura, coloratura, curer, Dürer, durra, Estremadura, figura, fioritura, Führer, insurer, Jura, juror, Madura, nomenklatura, procurer, sura, surah, tamboura,...

amphora,

amphora, f   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Latin Dictionary: Latin-English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries, Classical studies
Length:
8 words
amphora

amphora noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
36 words
amphora

amphora noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
30 words
amphora

amphora noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
30 words
amphora

amphora noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
58 words

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