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agrarian parties

Parties representing farmers have been a significant feature of many Western political systems, but are now declining in importance. As urbanization and industrialization reduce the share ...

agrarian parties

agrarian parties   Quick reference

Wyn Grant

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
294 words

... parties Parties representing farmers have been a significant feature of many Western political systems, but are now declining in importance. As urbanization and industrialization reduce the share of the rural population in the electorate, agrarian parties have found it more difficult to sustain an electoral base, and a number have either faded away, or have converted themselves into parties with a more general electoral appeal. The interests of farmers may be more effectively represented by national farmers’ organizations with close links with the...

agrarian parties

agrarian parties  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Parties representing farmers have been a significant feature of many Western political systems, but are now declining in importance. As urbanization and industrialization reduce the share of the ...
Utopianism

Utopianism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,929 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...from Ruin ( 1793 ) imagined a day when the greater public virtue, resulting from *republicanism , would end the need for any system of punishment. As early as the 1780s a more collectivist strand in republicanism was being developed in the writings of Thomas *Spence , whose *agrarian utopia was founded on the nationalization of land and its management at the parish level. Spence himself participated in the revival of utopia as a literary genre that went along with this kind of political speculation. In A Supplement to the History of Robinson Crusoe (...

Scottish Local and Family History

Scottish Local and Family History   Quick reference

David moody

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,622 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

..., John Butt , R. H. Campbell , and Anthony Slaven , with Scotland's industrial economy finally taking its rightful place as a subject of study. The bias of Scottish historiography towards agrarian issues was remarked upon in 1983 , when G. Whittington and I. D. White in An Historical Geography of Scotland could note ‘too unbalanced an involvement with agrarian and rural settlement features to the exclusion of most other topics … Industry, population and urbanism are topics still too little regarded’—this, in a country which became the second most...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...oriented accents intersect in every ideological sign. Sign becomes an arena of the class struggle.’ A substantial proportion of the British population struggled to form new, or re-form old, collective identities at a time when the country was experiencing large changes in agrarian, industrial, and commercial structures and processes. This essay will spotlight such contests, especially between contestants from above and below at significant moments in the development of social relations, by focusing on a series of major languages, particularly those of...

Antiquarianism (Popular)

Antiquarianism (Popular)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...entered a phase in which the issues of *class [15] hostility and intellectual property rights became for the first time fully explicit. Ritson's emergence in Newcastle in the later 1770s coincided with the *American Revolution , the first speeches and pamphlets of the *agrarian communist Thomas *Spence , and Brand 's Popular Antiquities . The provocation that brought Ritson onto the national stage was probably the contribution to the Gentleman's Magazine of a young scholar from Ireland, Edmund Malone, gifted enough to have won instant acceptance...

Liberal parties

Liberal parties  

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Overview Page
Liberal parties are as varied as the idea of liberalism is broad and vague. All liberals believe in the freedom of the individual, but that belief takes very different forms, varying from the ...
Greenback Labor Party.

Greenback Labor Party.  

The Greenback Labor party represented a brief but potent Gilded Age expression of working-class anti-monopoly sentiment.In the aftermath of the depression of 1873, the formation of the agrarian-based ...
Henry Wise Wood

Henry Wise Wood  

(1860–1941), farmer, politician.Born near Monroe City, Missouri, the son of a prosperous family, a Campbellite in religion, a student of agrarian reform, Wood immigrated to Alberta in 1905. Active ...
Alexandar Stambolisky

Alexandar Stambolisky  

(b. 1 Mar. 1879, d. 14 June 1923).Prime Minister of Bulgaria 1919–23 Born in Slavoviza, the son of a wealthy peasant family went to study agriculture in Germany. Upon his return he became head of the ...
Populist Party

Populist Party  

(USA)A US agrarian organization that began in 1889 as a grouping of southern and western interests seeking to remedy the lot of debtor farmers. It drew on the Granger Movement, the Farmers' ...
Sir Alexander Bustamante

Sir Alexander Bustamante  

(1884–1977)Jamaican statesman. He was a labour leader and founder of the Jamaican Labour Party, and became his country's first Prime Minister (1962–65) after independence from Britain in 1962. During ...
Peep of Day Boys

Peep of Day Boys  

First noted by Arthur Young (c.1779) in the context of agrarian protest, but best known as the Protestant party in the sectarian conflict that developed in Co. Armagh from c.1784. ...
ranch war

ranch war  

(1906–9),a campaign of agrarian protest directed against large‐scale stock rearing, at its strongest in Cos. Meath, Westmeath, Galway, Roscommon, and Clare. The main tactic used was ‘cattle driving’, ...
Political Action Committee

Political Action Committee  

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Overview Page
A political committee organized by a corporation, labor union, trade association, professional, agrarian, ideological, or issue group to support candidates for elective office and, by inference, to ...
Duma

Duma  

An elective legislative assembly introduced in Russia by Nicholas II in 1906 in response to popular unrest. Boycotted by the socialist parties, its efforts to introduce taxation and agrarian reforms ...
Marxism-Leninism

Marxism-Leninism  

An interpretation of Communism in which Lenin sought to adapt the central tenets of Marxism to the experience of Russia, an economically backward agrarian state. The emergence of imperialism was ...
Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán

Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1913–71)Guatemalan statesman. A member of the Revolutionary Action Party, he served as President (1951–54). His comprehensive agrarian reforms made possible the expropriation by the government of ...
Petru Groza

Petru Groza  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. Becia, Transylvania, 1884; d. Bucharest, 7 Jan. 1958)Romanian; premier 1945–52 Groza was a well-off Transylvanian landowner and industrialist who was regarded as one of Romania's finest classical ...
Belisario Betancur Cuartas

Belisario Betancur Cuartas  

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Overview Page
(b. Amagá, Antioquia, Colombia, 4 Feb. 1923)Colombian; President 1982–6 The second son of twenty-two children, sixteen of whom died as children, Betancur was born into an extremely poor family. He ...

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