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aesthetics

Subject: Philosophy

(Greek sense perception) Kant keeps the ancient Greek usage, in which anything treating of sense perception may be called an aesthetic. The word had earlier been restricted by ...

Continental Aesthetics

Continental Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
75 words

...Aesthetics For examples of essays characteristic of Continental Aesthetics (derived from nineteenth- and twentieth-century European philosophy of the Continent, exclusive of Great Britain), which is often contrasted with Analytic Aesthetics (derived from twentieth-century Anglo-American philosophy), see Alienation, Aesthetic ; Avant-Garde ; Difficulty, Aesthetics of ; Essentialism , article on Anti-Essentialism ; Imagination , article on The Imaginary ; Gaze ; Imagination ; Metaphor , article on Derrida and de Man on Metaphor ; Metonymy ;...

British Aesthetics

British Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
47 words

...Aesthetics For discussions of British aesthetics from the eighteenth century to the present, see Addison ; Alison ; Arnold ; Bell ; Berkeley ; Blair ; Bullough ; Burke ; Coleridge ; Collingwood ; Cooper ; Dryden ; Gerard ; Home ; Hume ; Hutcheson ; Knight ; Morris ; Pater ; Price ; Priestley ; Reid ; Reynolds ; Ruskin ; Sidney ; Smith ; Stokes ; Wilde ; Williams ; Wollheim ; and Wordsworth...

Analytic Aesthetics

Analytic Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
73 words

...Aesthetics For examples of the types of entries characteristic of Analytic Aesthetics, which is derived from twentieth-century Anglo-American philosophy (and which is often contrasted with Continental Aesthetics, which is derived from nineteenth- and twentieth-century European philosophy of the continent, exclusive of Great Britain), see, for example, Appreciation ; Attitude ; Definition of Art ; Emotions ; Evaluation ; Expression Theory of Art ; Fiction ; Formalism ; Imagination ; Intention ; Interpretation ; Metaphor ; Ontology of Art ; ...

German Aesthetics

German Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
77 words

...Aesthetics The main theorists or artists in the history of aesthetics in the German-speaking world from the eighteenth century to the present are discussed in individual entries . See Adorno ; Auerbach ; Baumgarten ; Benjamin ; Beuys ; Bötticher ; Brecht ; Cassirer ; Dilthey ; Freud ; Gadamer ; Giedion ; Gottsched ; Habermas ; Hamann ; Hegel ; Heidegger ; Helmholtz ; Herder ; Herz ; Heydenreich ; Hölderlin ; Hübsch ; Husserl ; Kant ; König ; Lessing ; Lotze ; Mannheim ; Mattheson ; Meier ; Moritz ; Nietzsche ; Novalis ; ...

Everyday Aesthetics

Everyday Aesthetics   Reference library

Yuriko Saito

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,501 words
Illustration(s):
1

...aesthetics cast a wide net for capturing these diverse dimensions of our aesthetic life. It is noteworthy that in academic discourses outside of the arena of philosophical aesthetics, “aesthetics” is often regarded in the classificatory sense, such as the aesthetics of manners, which includes both polite and rude behaviors, and the aesthetics of politics, which, among other things, refers to the social and political construction of what counts as the sensible. Challenges to Everyday Aesthetics. Some skepticism has been raised regarding everyday aesthetics....

Transdisciplinary Aesthetics

Transdisciplinary Aesthetics   Reference library

Jill Bennett

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,374 words

...This formulation succinctly crystallizes the tension between the traditional concept of aesthetics defined by its objects, and the transdisciplinary orientation toward process, which explores a broader sphere of applicability. This tension is arguably more deeply entrenched in aesthetics than in most fields. Aesthetics is often considered to be a branch of philosophy, lacking its own distinctive concepts ( Berleant, 1991 ). Moreover, it has been argued that aesthetics fails to meet the criteria of a discipline because its objects are nonexclusive: Art and...

Environmental Aesthetics

Environmental Aesthetics   Reference library

Arnold Berleant and Emily S. Brady

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
8,096 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of nonart aesthetics, for example, social aesthetics and everyday aesthetics ( Saito, 2007 ; Berleant, 2010 ). [ See also Animal Aesthetics ; Eco-Art and Criticism ; Everyday Aesthetics ; Gardens ; and Nature . ] Bibliography Berleant, Arnold . The Aesthetics of Environment . Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1992. Berleant, Arnold . Sensibility and Sense: The Aesthetic Transformation of the Human World . Exeter, U.K.: Imprint Academic, 2010. Brady, Emily . Aesthetics of the Natural Environment . Edinburgh: Edinburgh University...

Byzantine Aesthetics

Byzantine Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
1,714 words

...Aesthetics One of the trends in medieval aesthetics within the Greek-speaking culture of Byzantium (fourth to fifteenth century), Byzantine aesthetics was based on the aesthetic ideas of antiquity (first of all, Neoplatonism) and early patristics. Early patristics, in fact, rejects the majority of aesthetic values of the ancient (pagan) world—the “aesthetics of negation”—and focuses on spiritual beauty and the ideas of Christian symbolism which had just started to take root at that time. Byzantine aesthetics develops in several directions. Patristic...

Byzantine Aesthetics

Byzantine Aesthetics   Reference library

Victor V. Bychkov and Oleg V. Bychkov

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
1,758 words

...Aesthetics . One of the trends in medieval aesthetics within the Greek-speaking culture of Byzantium (fourth to fifteenth century), Byzantine aesthetics was based on the aesthetic ideas of Antiquity (first of all, Neoplatonism) and early patristics. Early patristics, in fact, rejects the majority of aesthetic values of the ancient (pagan) world—the “aesthetics of negation”—and focuses on spiritual beauty and the ideas of Christian symbolism that had just started to take root at that time. Byzantine aesthetics develops in several directions. Patristic...

Gay Aesthetics

Gay Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,656 words

...Aesthetics Gay aesthetics is an analytic category of recent origin. In 1969 , in the wake of the civil rights and feminist movements, activists made the term gay liberation a rallying cry against the political and social stigmatization of homosexuals. Since that time, the term gay has come to be widely—though not exclusively—associated with male homosexuality. The novelty of the term gay does not mean, however, that the category of “gay aesthetics” is without history. Quite the contrary, the constitution of this category was itself an outcome of...

Migratory Aesthetics

Migratory Aesthetics   Reference library

Miguel Á. Hernández Navarro

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,048 words

...temporal regimes, a rupture with the authority, or epistemological sense of artistic work—which connects them to migratory aesthetics. Five traits are defining features of migratory aesthetics: everyday life, mobility, multi-temporality, memory, and the politics of affect. A central aspect of works of migratory aesthetics is attention to the everyday world that surrounds us. Indeed, many of the works of art examined by migratory aesthetics revolve around the world of micro-transformations and address barely perceptible features. Politics takes place there, in...

Indigenous Aesthetics

Indigenous Aesthetics   Reference library

Dylan A. T. Miner

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,571 words

...With globalization and its potent ability to deindigenize only to continue throughout the twenty-first century, these questions and their implications on indigenous aesthetics and how we define them will only become more challenging. [ See also Anthropology ; Decolonizing Aesthetics ; Fanon, Frantz ; Globalization ; Latin American Aesthetics ; Postcolonialism ; Pre-Columbian Aesthetics ; Race ; and World Art . ] Bibliography Ahtone, Heather . “Designed to Last: Striving toward an Indigenous American Aesthetic.” International Journal of the Arts...

Environmental Aesthetics

Environmental Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
5,393 words

...Arnold . Architecture as Environmental Design. In Art and Engagement . Philadelphia, 1991. Berleant, Arnold . The Aesthetics of Environment . Philadelphia, 1992. Berleant, Arnold . Living in the Landscape: Toward an Aesthetics of Environment . Lawrence, Kans., 1997. Berleant, Arnold , and Allen Carlson , eds. Special Issue on Environmental Aesthetics, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56 (1998). Bourassa, Steven C. The Aesthetics of Landscape . London and New York, 1991. Carlson, Allen . On the Possibility of Quantifying Scenic Beauty . ...

Gay Aesthetics

Gay Aesthetics   Reference library

Christopher Reed

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
4,662 words

...Aesthetics . New ideas about the relationship of aesthetics to changing social or scientific fields are reflected in terminological shifts. When the 1998 edition of this encyclopedia featured an entry for “gay aesthetics,” this forthright linkage of art and homosexuality as an analytic category was groundbreaking evidence of the impact of the gay liberation movement of the 1970s, which fought against the oppression of all homosexuals. By the 1990s, however, the term “gay” had become widely associated with male homosexuality. These categories of analysis are...

Comparative Aesthetics

Comparative Aesthetics   Reference library

Eliot Deutsch

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,432 words

...thought. The aim of comparative aesthetics in the end is simply that of becoming better aestheticians in the light of the engagement with other cultures. [ See also African Aesthetics ; Anthropology ; Arab Aesthetics ; Caribbean Aesthetics ; Chinese Aesthetics ; Hellenistic Aesthetics ; Indian Aesthetics: ; Islamic Aesthetics ; Japanese Aesthetics ; Latin American Aesthetics: Latin American Aesthetics and Modernity ; Pre-Columbian Aesthetics ; Rasa ; Roman Aesthetics ; and Russian Aesthetics: Religious Aesthetics . ] Bibliography General...

Theological Aesthetics

Theological Aesthetics   Reference library

Gesa Elsbeth Thiessen

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,151 words

...aesthetics. As sense knowledge, the arts, and the awareness of, and need for, beauty are fundamental to human existence, and as theology today actively seeks interdisciplinary engagement, theological aesthetics will play a central role in theology and related disciplines into the future. [ See also Beauty ; Byzantine Aesthetics ; Hellenistic Aesthetics ; Iconoclasm ; Origins of Aesthetics ; Qualities, Aesthetic ; and Religion: Religion and Art . ] Bibliography Balthasar, Hans Urs von . The Glory of the Lord: A Theological Aesthetics . Vol....

Comparative Aesthetics

Comparative Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,045 words

...aesthetics, in the end, is simply that of becoming better aestheticians in the light of the engagement with other cultures. See also African Aesthetics ; Anthropology and Aesthetics ; Arab Aesthetics ; Caribbean Aesthetics ; Chinese Aesthetics , historical overview article; Hellenistic Aesthetics ; Indian Aesthetics , historical and conceptual overview article; Islamic Aesthetics ; Japanese Aesthetics , historical overview article; Latin American Aesthetics , article on Latin American Aesthetics and Modernity ; Pre-Columbian Aesthetics ; ...

Empirical Aesthetics

Empirical Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,447 words

...of empirical aesthetics. In 1965 , Berlyne—along with Robert Francès , Albert Wellek , and Carmelo Genovese —founded the International Association of Empirical Aesthetics. The biannual congresses of the association have, since that time, provided an international forum for researchers on all aspects of empirical aesthetics as well as allied disciplines such as the psychology of creativity, semiotics, and the sociology of art. The main general journal in the field is Empirical Studies of the Arts , the successor to Scientific Aesthetics , which Berlyne...

Decolonizing Aesthetics

Decolonizing Aesthetics   Reference library

Miguel Rojas-Sotelo

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,766 words

...Aesthetics ; Caribbean Aesthetics ; Cultural Studies ; Diaspora Criticism ; Fanon, Frantz ; Globalization ; Indigenous Aesthetics ; Latin American Aesthetics ; Migratory Aesthetics ; Negritude ; Politics ; Postcolonialism ; Postmodernism ; Pre-Columbian Aesthetics ; Primitivism ; and Relational Aesthetics . ] Bibliography Albán Achinte, Adolfo . “Artistas indígenas y afrocolombianos: Entre las memorias y las cosmovisiones. Estéticas de la re-existencia” [Indigenous and Afrocolombian Artists: Between Memory and Cosmovision. Aesthetics of...

Lesbian Aesthetics

Lesbian Aesthetics   Reference library

Yetta Howard

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,465 words

...Aesthetics . “Lesbian” is a twentieth-century construction, so bringing together “lesbian” with “aesthetics” invites a historically contingent understanding of how the concepts work with and through each another. As a set of representational and cultural practices invested in a sexual politics, “lesbian aesthetics” finds its forms in a range of literature, film, comics, and music whose visual, textual, and auditory qualities coextend with, but are not reducible to, a set of sexual, social, and affective relations between women. In its twentieth-century...

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