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aerobic endurance

The capacity to continue prolonged physical activity and withstand fatigue. The level of aerobic endurance is reflected by the length of time an aerobic exercise involving large muscle ...

aerobic endurance

aerobic endurance   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Science and technology, Medicine and health
Length:
100 words

... endurance ( aerobic fitness, cardiorespiratory endurance ) The capacity to continue prolonged physical activity and withstand fatigue . The level of aerobic endurance is reflected by the length of time an aerobic exercise involving large muscle groups (e.g. running, cycling, and swimming) can be performed. It depends on the ability of the lungs and heart to take in and transport adequate amounts of oxygen to working muscles, and on the ability of the muscles to extract and use the oxygen efficiently. Most sports scientists regard maximal oxygen...

aerobic endurance

aerobic endurance  

The capacity to continue prolonged physical activity and withstand fatigue. The level of aerobic endurance is reflected by the length of time an aerobic exercise involving large muscle groups (e.g. ...
percentage change in maximal aerobic power

percentage change in maximal aerobic power  

A measure of the effect of ageing on aerobic fitness. The percentage change in maximal aerobic power: (VO2max) = VO2max at age x years—VO2max at age x + y years/VO2max at x years × 100. Maximal ...
medium-term endurance

medium-term endurance  

The ability to sustain a strenuous activity which has a duration of 2–10 min. Electroencephalographs and electromyographs indicate that medium term endurance is associated with a high level of ...
endurance exercise

endurance exercise  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Endurance is the time for which a specified power output, force, or speed of movement can be maintained. Endurance exercise refers to sports and activities such as marathon running which are ...
expedition-type endurance

expedition-type endurance  

A special type of endurance that enables participants to successfully complete demanding expedition-type events (long duration, ultra-long distance activities). In addition to aerobic fitness, ...
aerobic low intensity training

aerobic low intensity training  

Training designed to improve endurance. It consists of exercising either continuously or intermittently with a mean heart rate around 160 beats min−1. Work periods, even in intermittent training, ...
long-term endurance

long-term endurance  

The ability to sustain a strenuous activity for 10 min or longer. Such endurance is associated with recruitment of mainly slow-twitch muscle fibres, and the energy is supplied mainly by the aerobic ...
energy system

energy system  

A metabolic system for generating energy. There are three main systems, an aerobic system, an anaerobic ATP-PCr energy system (sometimes called the phosphagen system), and the anaerobic lactate ...
circuit training

circuit training  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Training that involves performing selected exercises or activities at a series of stations (typically 6–10). The stations form a circuit through which a person progresses either as quickly as ...
aerobic exercise

aerobic exercise  

Exercise of relatively low intensity and long duration, which uses large muscle groups and depends on the aerobic energy system. As exercise intensity decreases and duration increases, fat becomes ...
periodic load test

periodic load test  

An aerobic endurance test in which the subject performs successive phases of activity at one intensity level with rest periods between each phase. See also interval training.
Cureton's tables

Cureton's tables  

A set of tables based on over 100 parameters that indicate aerobic endurance. The parameters include pulmonary gas and blood examinations, ECGs, heart rate, and blood pressure.
one-leg study

one-leg study  

A physiological study in which one leg of each subject is treated differently to the other leg: for example, a group of subjects may perform one-leg endurance training on a cycle ergometer for ...
shuttle run test

shuttle run test  

A test of aerobic endurance performed by running back and forth between two lines, 20 m apart on a flat, even, and slip-resistant surface. The subject runs at a set pace, which is increased at 1-min ...
circuit resistance training

circuit resistance training  

A combination of circuit training and resistance training. Typically, it involves working at 40–60% of maximum strength for 30 s with a 15-s recovery period. Circuit resistance training improves ...
LSD training

LSD training  

Long-slow duration training performed at 60–80% of maximal heart rate (seldom above 160 beats min−1 for a young athlete and 140 beats min−1 for an older athlete). This form of continuous training is ...
cross-training

cross-training  

Training that involves more than one type of activity to exercise different muscle groups and provide variety. A cyclist, for example, in addition to cycling may include jogging and swimming in a ...
lactate threshold

lactate threshold  

The point during exercise of increasing intensity at which blood lactate begins to accumulate significantly above resting levels. There are several different methods of estimating the threshold. They ...
health-related fitness

health-related fitness  

Aspects of physical fitness that are associated with improving health. Emphasis is usually given to aerobic endurance, flexibility, muscle condition, and body composition.

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