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abortion

There is no actual prohibition in the Bible against aborting a foetus. Nevertheless, in the unanimously accepted Jewish consensus, abortion is a very serious offence, though foeticide is ...

abortion

abortion n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n. An operation to terminate a pregnancy prematurely (also called an induced abortion ), or a premature expulsion of an embryo or foetus occurring naturally (also called a spontaneous abortion ). abort vb. [From Latin ab- badly or wrongly + oriri to appear or arise + -ion indicating an action, process, or...

abortion

abortion n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
94 words

...abortion [ă- bor -shŏn] n. 1. ( induced abortion , termination of pregnancy ) the removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterus at a stage of pregnancy when it is deemed incapable of independent survival (i.e. at any time between conception and the 24th week of pregnancy). In the UK the procedure must be carried out within the terms of the Abortion Act 1967 as amended by the Human Fertilization and Embryology Act 1990 . 2. ( spontaneous abortion ) see miscarriage . —abortive adj. https://www.mariestopes.org.uk/women/abortion...

Abortion

Abortion   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
33 words

... There is no actual prohibition in the Bible against aborting a foetus. Nevertheless, in the unanimously accepted Jewish consensus, abortion is a very serious offence, though foeticide is not treated as...

Abortion

Abortion   Reference library

Carole R. McCann

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...abortion despite the risks, and the practice maintained a degree of public acceptance. During the Depression of the 1930 s, abortion providers operated more openly, contributing to an estimated eight hundred thousand abortions a year. The procedure was still quite risky. Induced abortions accounted for 14 percent of maternal mortality. After World War II, hospitals tightened their rules for therapeutic abortion, leading to a dramatic reduction in hospital abortions. Police raids on the independent clinics that had thrived in the 1930 s made abortion even...

Abortion

Abortion   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
10,994 words
Illustration(s):
5

...more widely available, following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Medical impact of abortion. The legal status of abortion has tremendous consequences for the safety of abortion because rates of morbidity and mortality from abortion are highest where abortion is least legal. For example, Africa, the continent with the greatest proportion of countries with no legal abortion, has 10 percent of the world's population and 40 percent of its abortion‐linked deaths. When abortion is performed in safe, hygienic conditions, mortality rates are extremely low—less than...

Abortion.

Abortion.   Reference library

Carole R. McCann and Paul S. Boyer

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,136 words

...abortion by establishing physician review boards, leading to a dramatic reduction in hospital abortions. Police raids on the illegal clinics that had thrived in the 1930s made abortion even more difficult and dangerous to obtain. Abortion death rates doubled between 1951 and 1962 , with the risk falling most heavily on women of color who were four times more likely than white women to die from abortion. Political challenges to abortion laws were rare before the 1960s. The birth control movement led by Margaret Sanger did not contest abortion...

abortion

abortion   Reference library

J. Robert Sallares

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
359 words

...made abortion acceptable. Roman jurisprudence maintained that the foetus was not autonomous from the mother's body. There is no evidence for laws against abortion during the Roman republic. It was common during the early Roman empire (e.g. Ov. Am. 2. 14), and was practised for many reasons, e.g. for family limitation, in case of adultery , or because of a desire to maintain physical beauty. Soranus ( Gynaecology 1. 59–65, Eng. trans. 1956 ) distinguished deliberate from spontaneous abortion, and abortion from contraception . He accepted abortion if the...

abortion

abortion   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,484 words

...by abortion providers at present. While this increasing abortion rate is the subject of some debate and controversy, it is striking that abortion controversy today tends to be focused on the relatively small proportion of abortions carried out at late gestational stages. This focus within the abortion debate can be interpreted to mean that ‘early’ abortions are considered an unfortunate but inevitable ‘fact of life’. In relation to the current debate about the law and ‘late abortion’, it should be noted that the scale of women's requests for abortion that...

abortion

abortion   Reference library

J. Robert Sallares

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
328 words

...made abortion acceptable. Roman jurisprudence maintained that the foetus was not autonomous from the mother’s body. There is no evidence for laws against abortion during the Roman republic. It was common during the early Roman empire (e.g. Ov. Am . 2. 14), and was practised for many reasons, e.g. for family limitation, in case of adultery , or because of a desire to maintain physical beauty. Soranus ( Gynaecology 1. 59–65, Eng. trans. 1956 ) distinguished deliberate from spontaneous abortion, and abortion from contraception . He accepted abortion if the...

abortion

abortion   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Social Work and Social Care (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Planned termination of a foetus. A private member’s bill led to the legalization of abortion through the Abortion Act ( 1967 ), which covers abortions in England, Scotland , and Wales . Abortions can be performed legally if continuing with a pregnancy involves a greater risk to the physical or mental health of the woman or her existing children than having a termination. Abortion is also allowed if there is a substantial risk that were a child born, s/he would suffer ‘such physical or mental abnormalities as to be seriously handicapped’. An abortion...

Abortion

Abortion   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,599 words
Illustration(s):
1

...emerged as the strongest opponents of abortion. Catholic pronouncements but also Islamic opposition were important factors in individual countries and globally. Abortion use also increased in many cases—although where abortions were legalized but accompanied by vigorous efforts at birth control, as in western Europe, rates actually declined. Reliance on abortion in Russia and parts of east-central Europe (except Catholic Poland) remained high; in Russia by the 1990s, estimates suggested that women were having abortions at twice the rate of live births. In...

abortion

abortion   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
205 words

...to be the avowed view of most Buddhists, although this position is not always reflected in the abortion statistics in Buddhist countries. In the more conservative countries of south-east Asia abortion is generally illegal unless there is a threat to the mother's life. Illegal abortions, however, are common, with an annual figure of perhaps 300,000 per annum in Thailand . In certain east Asian countries abortions are even more numerous, and a figure of one million per annum or greater is sometimes cited for countries such as Japan and South Korea ....

abortion

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
106 words

... Termination of pregnancy before a fetus is sufficiently advanced to survive outside the mother's uterus . Spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) occurs in c .20% of apparently normal pregnancies. Miscarriages in the first three months of pregnancy are usually caused by fetal abnormalities. Miscarriages later in pregnancy may be caused by defects in the maternal environment, such as reproductive system disorders. Induced or therapeutic abortion is the termination of pregnancy by drugs or surgery. The rights of the fetus and the mother's right to...

Abortion

Abortion   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,277 words

...Reproductive Health Services ( 1989 ), a decision that allows states to restrict abortions if fetal viability can be established, and Hodgson v. Minnesota and Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health (both 1990 ), decisions that restrict minors' rights to obtain abortions. Since the beginning of the abortion rights movement in the early 1960s, a significant number of historians have examined the status of abortion in American history. Such works as James Mohr's Abortion in America ( 1978 ), Linda Gordon 's Woman's Body, Woman's Right ( 1974 ), and...

Abortion

Abortion   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

... Until the 19th century, abortion law was nonexistent and abortion was not seen as a moral issue. However, by the turn of the 20th century, abortion was legally defined and controlled in most states. The landmark Supreme Court case, Roe v. Wade ( 1973 ), marked the legalization of abortion but did not end the controversy that existed. Legislation at both the federal and state levels has added restrictions on abortion, making it difficult for women to exercise their reproductive rights. Social work's commitment to promote the human rights of women...

abortion

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The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
195 words

... Termination of the life of a foetus, after conception but before birth. The event may be intentionally induced or natural, although it is intentionally induced abortion that is the topic of moral philosophy. The issues divide conservatives or ‘pro-life’ supporters, who regard deliberately induced abortion as impermissible, and liberal or ‘pro-choice’ supporters, who regard the action as permissible in a variety of cases. The liberal attitude may extend to almost any case in which a mother wishes an abortion, or may involve a variety of restrictions,...

abortion

abortion   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Body

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
2,065 words

...wait and see. Induced abortion: termination of pregnancy The study of induced abortion, especially where abortion is illegal, is a major challenge in the contexts of reproductive health and women's rights. At the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo in 1994 the following statement was made: ‘Since unsafe abortion is a major threat to the health and lives of women, research to understand and better address the determinants and consequences should be promoted’. The conference also recognized that unsafe abortion was a world-wide...

ABORTION

ABORTION   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
473 words

...abortion is indeed forbidden by rabbinic law. The scope of therapeutic abortion is not a narrowly defined one, and there are many ongoing debates in this area of halakhah . Maimonides seemed to confine therapeutic abortion to cases in which the fetus poses a direct and immediate threat to the physical and mental health of the mother. Abortions of pregnancies resulting from rape or which would result in the mother’s loss of sight or hearing have also been considered justified in Jewish law. Opinions are divided regarding the abortion of the fetus...

Abortion

Abortion   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
796 words

... The regulation of abortion is an issue that flares up periodically in Australian politics, rather than being a topic of sustained passionate contention as in the USA. Moreover, popular and parliamentary debates on abortion rarely rise to any high level of reasoned argument, with slogans tending to dominate discussion rather than principles. More than 80 000 abortions are performed each year in Australia, with more than half of teenage pregnancies being terminated. It is estimated that one out of three Australian women will have an abortion at some time...

abortion

abortion   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
476 words

...held a referendum on abortion reform in summer 2018 which overturned the ban). Apart from that, most EU countries allow abortion for up to 12–14 weeks after conception, although it has become more difficult recently, for example, in Italy, to obtain a legal abortion. In the Netherlands, abortion is legal for up to 24 weeks after conception, and in Britain, abortion has been allowed for up to 24 weeks after conception (reduced from 28 in 1990 ) on social or medical grounds. http://worldabortionlaws.com/ Map of the world’s abortion laws, produced by the...

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