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Overview

abolitionism

A term associated with protest on grounds of inhumanity and a call for the abolition of slavery (see, for example, the arguments of William Wilberforce, 1759–1833). More recently extended ...

abolitionism

abolitionism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
31 words

... A radical perspective in criminology, which sees crime as the same as other non‐criminalized social problems and advocates the abolition of prisons and punishment systems for dealing with...

abolitionism

abolitionism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
127 words

... A term originally associated with a call for the abolition of slavery on the grounds of its inhumanity (see, for example, the arguments of William Wilberforce , 1759–1833 ). More recently extended to arguments for the abolition of prisons and imprisonment. The latter stance developed within Scandinavian criminology (see T. Mathiesen , The Politics of Abolition , 1974 ) but has since been taken up within wider critical criminology. Abolitionists argue that prisons are ineffective, their justification untenable, and their violations of human...

abolitionism

abolitionism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... , a slippery term covering both the movement for the abolition of the slave trade, achieved by an Act of Parliament in 1807 , and the subsequent agitation against *slavery [6] itself which culminated in the emancipation of slaves in 1833–8 . The reasons for the unprecedented popularity of this campaign have been much debated, with historians arguing across a range of religious, moral, humanitarian, and economic motives. In the 1780s abolitionism also spawned a number of proponents of the colonization of Africa, who reasoned that it would be far...

Abolitionism

Abolitionism   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,484 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to the abolition of slave trade. The polarized nature of this theme can be seen in the ways economic considerations are capable of influencing other forms of actions, and vice versa. Abolitionism. Sketch of African Americans celebrating the abolition of slavery in Washington, D.C. 19 April 1866 by F. Dielman. Illus. in: Harper's Weekly , v. 10, no. 489 (1866 May 12), p. 300. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS The first major argument is the humanitarian factor. Puritan organizations in Great Britain and the United States campaigned vigorously for the abolition of the...

Abolitionism

Abolitionism   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
5,046 words
Illustration(s):
1

... [ This entry contains three subentries dealing with abolitionism from the late seventeenth century through the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865 . The first article discusses the definition of abolitionism as differentiated from antislavery activism, and its forms including Garrisonian and non-Garrisonian abolition. The second article describes abolitionism from the onset of slavery and colonization of North America through 1830 . The final article discusses the emergence of Immediatism among black and white Americans and its...

abolitionism

abolitionism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A radical perspective in criminology, which sees crime as the same as other non‐criminalized social problems and advocates the abolition of prisons and punishment systems for dealing with crime.
abolitionism

abolitionism  

A term associated with protest on grounds of inhumanity and a call for the abolition of slavery (see, for example, the arguments of William Wilberforce, 1759–1833). More recently extended to the ...
abolition

abolition n.   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... n. the action or an act of abolishing a system, practice, or institution: the abolition of...

Abolition

Abolition   Reference library

John Gilmore

The Oxford Companion to Black British History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,096 words

...prominent in the Committee for the Abolition of the Slave Trade (also referred to as the Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade) established in 1787 . From 1787 activists such as Thomas Clarkson , Granville Sharp , and William Wilberforce gathered increasing popular support for the ending of the slave trade by legislation, aided by sympathetic writers such as William Cowper , Hannah More , and Ann Yearsley . Many abolitionists, as supporters of the movement were known, stated that their aim was the abolition of the slave trade, not slavery...

Abolition

Abolition   Reference library

Sandra Jean Graham

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,414 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Garrison, and Chapman, as well as such well-loved hymnists as Watts and the Wesley brothers. In the 1840s political abolitionism emerged as a competing faction to Christian abolitionism and spawned a wealth of new songs into the 1850s. Whereas Jairus Lincoln's Anti-Slavery Melodies ( 1843 ) belonged to the Garrisonian mold of morality hymns, activist/singer George Whitefield Clark's compilations traced the course of political abolitionism, from the Liberty Party ( Liberty Minstrel , 1844 , with seven editions through 1848 ) to the Free Soil Party ( Free...

Abolition

Abolition   Reference library

Adele S. Newson

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,237 words

... , the crusade for the emancipation of slaves, was a process begun with the sentiments contained in the Bill of Rights and African-Americans' contribution to the Revolutionary War. Though individuals and the clergy (especially Quakers) had long maintained that slavery was a hateful institution contrary to the laws of nature, it was not until the Revolutionary War, with its eloquent doctrines on the rights of man, that the antislavery movement began in earnest. The movement was slowed, both in the North and South, by the conservatism that followed the...

abolition

abolition   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... ; ✳abolishment . The latter is a needless variant . Cf. admonition ( b ) . Current ratio:...

Prison Abolition

Prison Abolition   Reference library

Kayla M. Martensen and Beth E. Richie

The Oxford Encyclopedia of International Criminology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
5,619 words

...landscape. Prison Abolition in a Western Context The origins and strategies of prison abolition in America have occurred alongside abolition in Western culture more broadly, and in recent decades has led toward an international abolition movement among Western nations. This section delves into abolition in the Canadian and South African contexts to explore the nuances of the movement across Western culture. Canada has played a major role in efforts at building a unified global abolition movement. Efforts towards prison abolition in North America and...

Abolition Movement

Abolition Movement   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
5,091 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and debating societies had a political agenda as well. Many were as equally invested in abolition and issues of equality as in literary development and intellectual exercise. As the decades passed and abolition became the dominant African American reform issue, however, some organizations shifted their emphasis to address this priority. Although the title of a group might suggest only a literary society, often the favored interests of its members were abolition and the expansion of black rights. Many raised money to support these movements by selling some...

American Abolition Society

American Abolition Society   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
664 words

...Abolition Society The American Abolition Society ( AAS ) was organized in 1855 . It stemmed from the New York City Abolition Society, which had been founded in the 1830s by William Goodell to build support for his claim that slavery was unconstitutional. The AAS took the position that the Constitution was an antislavery document, which was consistent with Frederick Douglass 's position after his split from his fellow abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison . Leading anti-Garrisonian abolitionists, some from the recently disbanded American and Foreign...

slave trade, abolition of

slave trade, abolition of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
333 words

...trade, abolition of The slave trade reached its peak in the 18th century on the West African coast, where merchants from Europe worked in cooperation with native chieftains and slave raiders who were willing to exchange slaves for Western commodities. Denmark made participation in the Atlantic slave trade illegal in 1792 and the USA did so in 1794 . In Britain a group of humanitarian Christians, including Thomas Clarkson and William Wilberforce (members of the so-called Clapham Sect), argued that if the Atlantic slave trade were abolished, with its appalling...

Beyond Slavery: Abolition and Post-abolition Brazil

Beyond Slavery: Abolition and Post-abolition Brazil   Reference library

Hebe Mattos and Wlamyra Albuquerque

Oxford Encyclopedia of Brazilian History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
History
Length:
11,127 words

...the abolition of slavery and abolitionism have also been reread by authors who gave centrality to the question of citizenship, such as the example of the collection Quase-cidadão ( 2007 ), organized by Olivia Cunha and Flavio Gomes, which brought together studies on the limits of Black freedom in the post-abolition era. O jogo da dissimulação , by Wlamyra Albuquerque ( 2009 ) , analyzed the interconnections between the unraveling of slavery and the forms of racialization used by the state, elites, and Black populations at the time of abolition. 59 Both...

Abolition Fiction, The Bible in

Abolition Fiction, The Bible in  

Oxford Encyclopedias of the Bible: Digital Collection

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Religion

... Abolition Fiction, The Bible in The great battles to end American slavery were fought not only by soldiers at Gettysburg and Antietam but also by activists and artists who wrote the great antislavery texts of the early nineteenth century. In the decades leading up to the Civil War, abolitionists cultivated a dense rhetorical landscape of antislavery newspapers, magazines, pamphlets, and slave narratives, according to abolition ...

Abolition and Anti-Slavery Movement

Abolition and Anti-Slavery Movement   Reference library

Clare Taylor

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
2,298 words

...The support of British Quaker and Unitarian abolitionists was even more important, for they encouraged women including Elizabeth Fry ( 1780–1845 ), who worked for many causes including anti-slavery, to support the abolition movement. Soon after the formation in Britain of the male Anti-Slavery Society in 1823 , the first female abolition society began in 1825 and lasted until 1919 , a unique example of longevity. Led initially by Lucy Townsend ( 1781–1847 ), a minister's wife, it became the Female Society for Birmingham and worked “for the relief of...

abolition

abolition   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of New Zealandisms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
49 words

... noun historical the formal ending of provincial government in 1876. abolitionist noun [specific use] 2003 king Penguin History of NZ One of the functions of provincial governments … was the provision and support of schools. Abolition meant that this responsibility had to be taken over by central...

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