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abhisamaya

Subject: Religion

(Skt.). Direct and clear understanding or realization of the Dharma.

abhisamaya

abhisamaya   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
11 words

... (Skt.). Direct and clear understanding or realization of the Dharma...

abhisamaya

abhisamaya (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...the path of vision through the abhisamayas of thought, faith, and discipline, as well as on the path of cultivation ( bhāvanāmārga ) through two abhisamayas associated with wisdom and an abhisamaya associated with the ultimate path ( niṣṭhāmārga ). The term comes to be associated particularly with the Abhisamayālaṃkāra , attributed to Maitreyanātha , which sets forth the various realizations achieved on the “ hīnayāna ” and Mahāyāna paths. In the eight chapters of this text are delineated eight types of abhisamaya, which subsume the course of training...

Abhisamaya-alaṃkāra

Abhisamaya-alaṃkāra   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
61 words

...-alaṃkāra ‘The Ornament of Direct Realization’, a text in nine chapters with a total of 273 verses ascribed to Maitreyanātha . The work summarizes the topics covered by the Pañca-viṃśati-prajñā-pāramitā Sūtra while arranging them in an ordered sequence corresponding to the Mahāyāna path. Though highly influential in later Mahāyāna in India and Tibet , the text seems to have been unknown in China...

abhisamaya

abhisamaya  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Skt.). Direct and clear understanding or realization of the Dharma.
Abhisamaya-alaṃkāra

Abhisamaya-alaṃkāra  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
‘The Ornament of Direct Realization’, a text in nine chapters with a total of 273 verses ascribed to Maitreyanātha. The work summarizes the topics covered by the Pañca-viṃśati-prajñā-pāramitā Sūtra ...
svābhāvika-kāya

svābhāvika-kāya  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Skt.). The ‘embodiment of Buddhahood in its essence’, a term first attested in the Abhisamaya-alaṃkāra. The precise nature of this embodiment became a source of controversy in Mahāyāna Buddhism as a ...
samaya

samaya  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
1 A given system of teaching or doctrines.2 The conduct required of a tantric practitioner, often as a set of vows or commitments.3 The realization (abhisamaya) of Buddhahood.4 In tantric ...
Haribhadra

Haribhadra  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(8th c. ce).A leading Mahāyāna scholar-monk active during the late 8th century ce in northern India.he was famed as a commentator on Prajñā-pāramitā Sūtras and the Abhisamaya-alaṃkāra of Asaṇga or ...
samaya

samaya   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
47 words

...(Skt.). 1 A given system of teaching or doctrines. 2 The conduct required of a tantric practitioner, often as a set of vows or commitments. 3 The realization ( abhisamaya ) of Buddhahood. 4 In tantric Buddhism , union with the body, speech, and mind of the Buddha...

Maitreyanātha

Maitreyanātha (270–350 ce)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
71 words

... Maitreya , used pseudo-epigraphically. The number of works attributed to him vary in the Tibetan and Chinese traditions but variously include the Yogācārabhūmi Śāstra , the Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra , the Dharma-dharmatā-vibhāga , the Madhyānta-vibhāga-kārikā , the Abhisamaya-alaṃkāra , and the Ratna-gotra-vibhāga...

svābhāvika-kāya

svābhāvika-kāya   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
76 words

...(Skt.). The ‘embodiment of Buddhahood in its essence’, a term first attested in the Abhisamaya-alaṃkāra . The precise nature of this embodiment became a source of controversy in Mahāyāna Buddhism as a result of Haribhadra 's textual exegesis which deemed it to be an additional unitary aspect of Buddhahood underlying the standard ‘three bodies’ ( trikāya ). This was in contrast to the majority view that the term is merely a synonym for absolute reality or the dharma-kāya...

Haribhadra

Haribhadra   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
85 words

...(8th c. ce ). A leading Mahāyāna scholar- monk active during the late 8th century ce in northern India , he was famed as a commentator on Prajñā -pāramitā Sūtras and the Abhisamaya-alaṃkāra of Asaṇga or Maitreyanātha . With the support and patronage of king Dharmapāla he founded the Buddhist university-monastery of Vikramaśīla in eastern India. He is noteworthy for having controversially interpreted the concept of the ‘intrinsic body’ ( svābhāvika-kāya ) as a separate fourth element underlying the standard Mahāyāna doctrine of the ...

Abhidharmasamuccaya

Abhidharmasamuccaya (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...the teachings of Buddhism in terms of the twelve divisions ( dvādaśāṅga[pravacana] ) of texts in the tripiṭaka . The fourth section, Prāptiviniścaya (“Ascertainment of Attainments”), outlines the various types of Buddhist practitioners and their specific realizations ( abhisamaya ). The fifth and last section, Sāṃkathyaviniścaya (“Ascertainment of Argumentation”), outlines specific modes of debate that will enable one to defeat one’s opponents. Fragments of the Sanskrit text of the Abhidharmasamuccaya (discovered in Tibet in 1934 ) are extant, along...

prayoga

prayoga (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...between the property being proved and the reason, such that whatever is not the property being proved is necessarily not the reason. ¶ In the prajñāpāramitā exegetical tradition based on the Abhisamayālaṃkāra , prayoga is the word used for the fourth to seventh of the eight abhisamaya s (“clear realizations”). According to Ārya Vimuktisena ’s commentary ( Vṛtti ), the first three chapters set forth the three knowledges ( jñāna ) as topics to be studied and reflected upon ( see śrutamayīprajñā , cintāmayīprajñā ); the next four chapters set forth the...

gate gate pāragate pārasaṃgate bodhi svāhā

gate gate pāragate pārasaṃgate bodhi svāhā (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...is in keeping with the Indian scholastic view of the prajñāpāramitā sūtras, where it is said that the sūtras have two teachings, one explicit and one implicit. The explicit teaching is emptiness ( śūnyatā ) and the implicit teaching is the various realizations ( abhisamaya ) of the bodhisattva along the path to buddhahood. From this perspective, everything in the sūtra up to the mantra provides the explicit teaching and the mantra provides the implicit teaching. Other commentators state that the first part of the sūtra (up to the mantra) is...

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