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abatis

N. also abattis pl. same, abatises, or abattises a defense made of felled trees placed lengthwise over each other with the boughs pointing outwards.

abatis

abatis n.   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... n. also abattis pl. same, abatises , or abattises a defense made of felled trees placed lengthwise over each other with the boughs pointing...

abatis

abatis noun   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
45 words

... noun (also abattis ) plural abat(t)is , abatises M18 French (from Old French abatre , ultimately from Latin batt(u)ere to beat). Military A defense formed by placing felled trees lengthwise one over the other with their branches toward the enemy line. Also, a barricade of barbed...

abatis

abatis noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
43 words
abatis

abatis noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
46 words
abatis

abatis noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
55 words
abatis

abatis noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
46 words
abatis

abatis  

N. also abattis pl. same, abatises, or abattises a defense made of felled trees placed lengthwise over each other with the boughs pointing outwards.
Abati, Antonio

Abati, Antonio (c. 1600–67)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
92 words

..., Antonio ( c. 1600–67 ). Satirical poet in the Baroque style from Gubbio. His nine Satire were published in 1651 ; eight of them form part of his Frascherie , a mixture of prose and poetry in various genres. While satires in the Tuscan manner tended towards the classical in style, Abati's are extreme in their use of puns, conceits, and witticisms. The most well-known is Pegasino , which attacks the vices of poets. He was at one time close to Salvatore Rosa , and there is some overlap of content between their works. [ Paul Diffley...

Antonio Abati

Antonio Abati  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(c. 1600–67).Satirical poet in the Baroque style from Gubbio. His nine Satire were published in 1651; eight of them form part of his Frascherie, a mixture of prose and ...
Dún Aonghusa

Dún Aonghusa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Huge stone fort perched on a cliff 200 feet above the sea on the south-west coast of Inishmore, the largest of the Aran Islands. The fort, often described as one of the most magnificent structures of ...
Fort Wagner, Siege of

Fort Wagner, Siege of (1963)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...only a mile and a half away, Fort Wagner had to be taken before Union forces could capture Charleston. Wagner was literally built of sand, with thick sloping walls 20 feet tall lined in front with abatis (sharpened tree branches) and benefitting from high tides, when seawater narrowed the approach to the fort and filled the ditch Confederates dug just behind the abatis. On 10 July 1863 , the Federal army took control of the southern end of Morris Island. The next day Maj. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore ordered a dawn attack against Wagner. Brig. Gen. George C....

Dún Aonghusa

Dún Aonghusa   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...the sea on the south-west coast of Inishmore, the largest of the Aran Islands . The fort, often described as one of the most magnificent structures of its kind in Western Europe, covers about 11 acres and comprises three concentric semicircles. The middle wall is covered by an abatis (or chevaux-de-frise ) of jagged limestone uprights. The innermost semicircle has wall-walks and wall-chambers and a massive entrance-passage. Extensive restoration work, begun by the Office of Public Works in 1881 , was ill-advised and made no record of the found state of the...

Savard, Félix‐Antoine

Savard, Félix‐Antoine (1896–1982)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
220 words

...naturalized the political message as the expression of perennial human values. The same model was to be followed by many other writers, even as late in the century as Roch Carrier . None of Savard's other works achieve the mythic power of Menaud . The most considerable, L'Abatis ( 1943 ) and Le Barachois ( 1959 ), express his romantic naturalism in the form of short poetic and evocative prose pieces. The latter has the extra interest of offering documentary glimpses of the colonization movement of the 1930s—a Church‐led project aimed at combating...

Siculo-Tuscan Poets

Siculo-Tuscan Poets   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
288 words

...other Siculo-Tuscans and for Guittone and the Guittonians. Florence , however, quickly becomes one major centre for Siculo-Tuscan poetry with figures such as Chiaro Davanzati , La Compiuta Donzella , Carnino Ghiberti , Neri de' Visdomini , Pietro Morovelli , Megliore degli Abati , and Mastro Francesco . The other major centre is Pisa , with Galletto , Tiberto Galiziani , Pucciandone Martelli , and Lunardo del Guallacca . But the fashion was widespread to the west of Florence. In Siena there were Folcacchiero dei Folcacchieri and Caccia; in...

Savard, Félix-Antoine

Savard, Félix-Antoine (1896–1982)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
707 words

...), a lumber-camp story set in the Charlevoix region, is now considered a classic of French-Canadian literature. (There are two English translations: Boss of the river , 1947 , by Alan Sullivan and Master of the river , 1976 , by Richard Howard .) He followed this with L'abatis ( 1943 ), a collection of short texts, in prose and verse, on the theme of the colonization of Quebec's Northwest. Like Menaud, maître-draveur , this book has been the object of revisions; there exist two other versions of the work. La minuit ( 1948 ) is a romance about the...

Montaperti, Battle of

Montaperti, Battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
1,224 words
Illustration(s):
1

...but the real battle was joined soon after. In one famous episode, Florentine soldiers in the Guelph army switched sides, wreaking havoc in the Florentine ranks. Dante later evoked the disarray of the Guelph knights after the Ghibelline knight Bocca di Rustico di Ranieri degli Abati cut off the hand of the Florentine cavalry gonfalonier Jacopo del Nacca of Pazzi; he placed Bocca, “the evil traitor,” in hell.The Sienese and German knights struck against the now demoralized Guelph army. The Florentine cavalry began a disorderly retreat, leaving the infantry and...

field fortification

field fortification   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
1,141 words
Illustration(s):
1

...spade would be as essential to the soldier as his rifle. He was not wrong. Revetments to keep the earth in place were generally constructed of local timber, hurdles, turf, and similar natural materials, supplemented from the late 19th century onwards by sheets of corrugated iron. Abatis are made up of trees and bushes, felled with their branches pointing away from the position to be fortified, and their trunks secured in position by ropes and stakes. In desert regions, the corresponding form of field fortification is the zariba, an enclosure protected by thorn...

Russia and the Soviet Union

Russia and the Soviet Union   Reference library

Douglas R. WEINER

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
3,583 words

...constructed an elaborate defensive line along its southern forests bordering the steppe, consisting of abatis (barriers of cut trees) and palisades to bar nomadic horsemen from invading and raiding its towns and farmsteads. Although they were no longer needed by the end of the eighteenth century, the defensive lines remained undeveloped, becoming dense islands of forest that were rich in wildlife amid agricultural and parklike landscapes (the Tula abatis was preserved as the Tul’skie zaseki zapovednik, or “inviolable” nature preserve from 1935 to 1951 , when...

abattoir

abattoir noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
13 words
abattoir

abattoir noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
26 words

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