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ZANU

(Zimbabwe African National Union) A Zimbabwean political party formed in 1963 by disenchanted members of Nkrumah's Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) in reaction to its ...

ZANU

ZANU   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
310 words

...ZANU ( Zimbabwe African National Union ) A Zimbabwean political party formed in 1963 by disenchanted members of Nkrumah 's Zimbabwe African People's Union ( ZAPU ) in reaction to its moderate policies towards White minority rule in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). Led by Mugabe , its guerrilla organization, ZANLA ( Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army ), became the most important oppositional force in the Zimbabwean Civil War during the 1970s. During this time, ZANU managed to rally behind it the overwhelming support of the Shona people, the...

ZANU

ZANU   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Abbreviations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Language reference
Length:
5 words

... Zimbabwe African National...

ZANU

ZANU   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
10 words
ZANU

ZANU abbreviation   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
11 words
ZANU

ZANU   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
10 words
ZANU

ZANU abbreviation   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
16 words
ZANU

ZANU abbreviation   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
16 words
ZANU–PF

ZANU–PF abbreviation   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
16 words
ZANU–PF

ZANU–PF abbreviation   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
17 words
ZANU

ZANU  

(Zimbabwe African National Union)A Zimbabwean political party formed in 1963 by disenchanted members of Nkrumah's Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) in reaction to its moderate policies towards ...
Morgan Tsvangirai

Morgan Tsvangirai  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. Gutu, Zimbabwe, 10 March 1952)Zimbabwean; Prime Minister 2009– , leader Movement for Democratic Change 1999–  The oldest of nine children of a bricklayer father, Tsvangirai left school with ...
Joshua Nkomo

Joshua Nkomo  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1917–99)Zimbabwean statesman. In 1961 he became the leader of ZAPU; in 1976 he formed the Patriotic Front with Robert Mugabe, leader of ZANU, and was appointed to a Cabinet post in Mugabe's ...
Abel Tendekayi Muzorewa

Abel Tendekayi Muzorewa  

(b. 14 Apr. 1925; d. 8 Apr. 2010).Prime Minister of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia 1979. Born in Old Umtali, he was ordained in 1963, and in 1968 became a bishop in the United Methodist Church. In 1971, he ...
Robert Mugabe

Robert Mugabe  

(1924– )Zimbabwean statesman, Prime Minister (1980–87) and President since 1987. In 1963 he cofounded the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and in 1975 became its leader; the following year he ...
RENAMO

RENAMO  

(Resistencia Nacional Moçambicana, Mozambique National Resistance)A right-wing resistance movement against the rule of FRELIMO in Mozambique, established from 1975. It functioned originally with the ...
Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe   Quick reference

World Flags

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Zimbabwe's flag, adopted in 1980, is based on the colours used by the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF). Within the white triangle is the soapstone bird (found at Great Zimbabwe) against a red star. The star represents internationalism and the socialist past of ZANU...

Nkomo, Joshua

Nkomo, Joshua (1917–99)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
70 words

...Joshua ( Mqabuko Nyongolo ) ( 1917–99 ) Zimbabwean statesman . In 1961 he became the leader of ZAPU; in 1976 he formed the Patriotic Front with Robert Mugabe, leader of ZANU, and was appointed to a Cabinet post in Mugabe’s government of 1980 . Dismissed from his post in 1982 , he returned to the Cabinet in 1988 , when ZANU and ZAPU agreed to merge, and was Vice-President ( 1990–96...

Nkomo, Joshua

Nkomo, Joshua (1917–1999)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...Robert Mugabe and ZANU disavowed Nkomo, leading to ZAPU’s electoral defeat in the 1980 elections. Nkomo became the minister of home affairs but was soon forced from office when Mugabe cracked down on opposition parties, particularly ZAPU. Outside of the government Nkomo retained a huge popular following among the Ndebele. In 1988 , after the union of ZAPU and Mugabe’s ZANU created the ZANU-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), Nkomo reentered the government as a senior minister and as one of two vice presidents. He transferred his allegiance to ZANU-PF and, although...

Mugabe, Robert

Mugabe, Robert (1924–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
158 words

...Minister ( 1980–87 ), President 1987–2017 . In 1963 he cofounded the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and in 1975 became its leader; the following year he formed the Patriotic Front with the leader of the Zimbabwe African People’s Union (ZAPU), Joshua Nkomo. Mugabe was declared Prime Minister in 1980 after ZANU won a landslide victory in the country’s first post-independence elections. In 1982 he ousted Nkomo from his Cabinet; ZANU and ZAPU agreed to merge in 1987 and Mugabe became President. He was re-elected in 1990 , 1996 , 2002 , ...

Zimbabwe African National Union–Patriotic Front

Zimbabwe African National Union–Patriotic Front   Quick reference

A Dictionary of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Front ( ZANU–PF ) The ruling party in Zimbabwe since 1980 . The Patriotic Front was originally a coalition of the political wings of two liberation movements—the Zimbabwe African People’s Union ( ZAPU ) and the Zimbabwe African National Union ( ZANU )—that fought against Ian Smith’s white minority government in the 1970s ( see white minority rule ). Following the achievement of independence in 1980 , these movements competed against each other in the elections to form the government of Zimbabwe as the ZANU–Patriotic Front ( ZANU–PF ) and the...

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