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Yom Kippur War

(1973) The Israeli name for the Arab–Israeli war called by the Arabs the October War. The war began on 6 October, the Feast of Yom Kippur, Israel's most important holy day, when ...

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A Dictionary of Politics in the Middle East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
132 words

...Yom Kippur War ( October War ) ( 1973 ) Military campaign between a coalition of Arab states, led by Egypt and Syria, and Israel. The Yom Kippur War began on 6 October 1973 with an Arab attack on Israeli positions occupied in the Six Day War in 1967 . The attack occurred on Yom Kippur, the holiest day in the Jewish calendar. Although Egyptian and Syrian forces crossed the 1967 ceasefire lines into the Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights and made early gains, the Israeli Defence Forces halted the Arab offensive in three days. Israeli forces...

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
27 words

... Kippur war . So-called because on this day in 1973 (6 Oct.) Egypt and Syria attacked Israeli positions in the Sinai peninsula and on the Golan...

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
127 words

... Kippur War ( 1973 ) The Israeli name for the Arab–Israeli war called by the Arabs the October War. The war began on 6 October, the Feast of Yom Kippur, Israel’s most important holy day, when Egyptian forces crossed the Suez Canal and breached the Israeli Bar Lev Line. Syrian troops threw back Israeli forces on the Golan Heights, occupied by the latter since the Six-Day War . The war lasted three weeks, in which time Israel pushed Syrian forces back into Syria and crossed the Canal, encircling an Egyptian army. In the aftermath, disengagement agreements...

Yom Kippur War

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The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Kippur War a war in the Middle East that started during the Yom Kippur holiday in 1973 when combined forces from Egypt and Syria attacked Israel with the aim of regaining territory lost to Israel in 1967 . They made initial gains, capturing part of the Sinai and occupying part of the Golan Heights, until the United States airlifted massive quantities of materiel to Tel Aviv. When the Soviet Union threatened to intervene militarily in the conflict, the United States brokered a ceasefire that brought military hostilities to an end. Some remaining issues were...

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
230 words

...Yom Kippur War ( Oct. 1973 ) Known by Arabs as the October War . It began on 6 October, the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), the holiest day of prayer and fasting in the Jewish year. In their surprise attack Egypt and Syria won some initial success, as Egyptian troops advanced over the Suez Canal while the Syrians reached the Golan Heights , which had been occupied by Israel since 1967 . Although caught unawares, Israel forcefully counter-attacked within two days. On 8 October Israeli forces recrossed the Suez Canal further west, encircling part of the...

Yom Kippur War

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Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... Kippur War . The Israeli and common Western name for the 1973 Arab–Israeli War. The name is not accepted in much of the Arab world, as Yom Kippur is a Jewish religious holiday, the Day of Atonement. In 1973 Yom Kippur fell on 6 October, and it was on this day that Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Sinai and the Golan Heights , territories that had been seized by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War . Fierce fighting continued for two weeks, during which the Israelis established a bridgehead on the west bank of the Suez Canal, while the...

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
90 words
Yom Kippur War

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
90 words
Yom Kippur War

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Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
100 words
Yom Kippur War

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The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
100 words
Yom Kippur War

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The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
85 words
Yom Kippur War

Yom Kippur War  

(1973)The Israeli name for the Arab–Israeli war called by the Arabs the October War. The war began on 6 October, the Feast of Yom Kippur, Israel's most important holy day, when Egyptian forces ...
October

October  

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Overview Page
The tenth month of the year, in the northern hemisphere usually considered the second month of autumn. Recorded from late Old English, the name comes from Latin, from octo ‘eight’, being originally ...
Six-Day War

Six-Day War  

(5–10 June 1967)Arab–Israeli war, known to the Arabs as the June War. The immediate causes of the war were the Egyptian request to the UN Emergency Force in Sinai to withdraw from the Israeli ...
Entebbe raid

Entebbe raid  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(July 3–4, 1976)The rescue of 103 hostages on a French aeroplane by an Israeli commando squad. The flight from Israel to France had been hijacked by Palestinian terrorists on June 27 and forced to ...
GI Bill

GI Bill  

The GI Bill was US federal legislation which created a comprehensive package of benefits, particularly financial assistance for entering higher education, for veterans of US military service. This ...
Moshe Dayan

Moshe Dayan  

(b. 20 May 1915, d. 16 Oct. 1981).Israeli general and Minister of Defence, 1967–74 Born in Kibbutz Degania, he studied at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he joined the Haganah. In 1941, he ...
Ariel Sharon

Ariel Sharon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1928– )Israeli soldier and statesman; Prime Minister (2001–06). He served in the Israeli army from the foundation of the state until 1973, playing a central role in the Yom Kippur War. First elected ...
oil price shock

oil price shock  

(1973, 1979)The trigger for two worldwide economic crises in the 1970s and early 1980s, caused by a sudden and drastic increase in the price of crude oil. In 1973 Arab states responded to US and ...
Omar Al-Bashir

Omar Al-Bashir  

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Overview Page
(b. Hosh Wad, Banaqa, Sudan, 7 Jan. 1944)Sudanese; President 1993–  Al-Bashir was born into a peasant family. He rose through the ranks of the Sudanese army, attended military college in Cairo, and ...

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