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Australian art

Australian art   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
197 words

...to art produced by Native Australians and also that produced by descendants of European settlers. The art of Native Australians dates back to prehistoric times. They painted on a variety of surfaces, including rock, bark and shells. The most remarkable examples are the so-called X-ray paintings in Arnhem Land, in which hunters depicted the internal anatomy of the beasts they killed, and the wondjina figures, which were found near water holes in the nw . European influence on the continent dates from 1788 , when the first penal colony was established. The...

Denmark

Denmark   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
875 words
Illustration(s):
4

...century, Denmark developed its economy and its education system. Danes set up cooperatives and improved farming techniques. The Social Democratic Party dominated 20th-century Danish politics. Denmark remained neutral in World War 1. In 1918 , Iceland gained independence. During the 1920s, Denmark adopted progressive social welfare policies. In 1940 , Germany occupied Denmark. In 1943 , Christian X was arrested and martial law declared. Many Jews escaped to Sweden. In 1945 , British forces liberated Denmark and the Danes set about rebuilding their...

Germany

Germany: c. 35,000 years ago - 2005  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Perthes discovers, in Leipzig, that X-rays can inhibit cancer radiotherapy A Dictionary of Physics 6 1900s 20th century Science Medicine 1905 1905 Albert Einstein explains the photoelectric effect as a flow of discreet particles (quanta) of electromagnetic radiation photoelectric effect World Encyclopedia 1 1900s 20th century Science Physics 1905 1905 German biologists Fritz Schaudinn and Erich Hoffmann discover the micro-organism Treponema pallidum which causes syphilis syphilis A Dictionary of Public Health 1 1900s 20th century Science Life sciences 1905...

North America

North America: c. 30,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Landscape Architecture 2 1950s 20th century Architecture American architecture United States 1953 1953 Black American Malcolm Little, who has joined the Nation of Islam while in prison, adopts the surname X to symbolize his rejection of his slave name Malcolm X (1925–1965) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1950s 20th century Politics Religion Islam United States 1953 1953 US microbiologist Jonas Salk announces the discovery of an effective vaccine against polio Salk, Jonas Edward (1914–1995) A Dictionary of Scientists 1 1950s 20th century Science Medicine...

France

France: c. 31,000 years ago - 2007  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...and Fable 2 First World War 20th century Social and domestic War Europe Society Wars since 1900 1921 1921 The Swiss architect Le Corbusier begins a 20-year partnership with his cousin, Pierre Jeanneret Corbusier, Le. A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture 2 20th century Architecture French architecture Europe 1922 1922 James Joyce's novel Ulysses is published in Paris, by Sylvia Beach, because of censorship problems elsewhere Joyce, James Augustine (1882–1941) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1920s 20th century Literature French...

United States

United States: c. 30,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Landscape Architecture 2 1950s 20th century Architecture American architecture North America 1953 1953 Black American Malcolm Little, who has joined the Nation of Islam while in prison, adopts the surname X to symbolize his rejection of his slave name Malcolm X (1925–1965) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1950s 20th century Politics Religion Islam North America 1953 1953 US microbiologist Jonas Salk announces the discovery of an effective vaccine against polio Salk, Jonas Edward (1914–1995) A Dictionary of Scientists 1 1950s 20th century Science Medicine...

Britain

Britain: c. 800,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Earth , offering evidence that the planet is at least 1.6 billion years old Holmes, Arthur (1890–1965) A Dictionary of Scientists 1 1910s 20th century Science Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles Europe 1913 1913 Lawrence Bragg and his father, William, together develop X-ray crystallography, based on the diffraction patterns of crystals X-ray crystallography A Dictionary of Physics 6 1910s 20th century Science Physics Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles Europe 1913 1913 The Morris company launches...

Europe

Europe: c. 800,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...1 1910s 20th century Politics Spain 1913 1913 Lawrence Bragg and his father, William, together develop X-ray crystallography, based on the diffraction patterns of crystals X-ray crystallography A Dictionary of Physics 6 1910s 20th century Science Physics Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles Britain 1913 1913 The Morris company launches the Morris Oxford, later known as the Bullnose Morris from the shape of its radiator Nuffield, William Richard Morris, Viscount (1877–1963) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1910s 20th century...

British Isles

British Isles: c. 800,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...the Earth , offering evidence that the planet is at least 1.6 billion years old Holmes, Arthur (1890–1965) A Dictionary of Scientists 1 1910s 20th century Science Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 Europe Britain 1913 1913 Lawrence Bragg and his father, William, together develop X-ray crystallography, based on the diffraction patterns of crystals X-ray crystallography A Dictionary of Physics 6 1910s 20th century Science Physics Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 Europe Britain 1913 1913 The Morris company launches the Morris...

Italy

Italy: c. 3250 BCE - 2008  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...to Music 1 rev 1900s 20th century Performing arts Music Europe 1903 1903 Giuseppe Sarto is elected pope and takes the name Pius X Pius X, St (1835–1914) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church 2 rev 1900s 20th century Religion Christianity Papacy Europe 1904 1904 Giacomo Puccini's opera Madama Butterfly falls victim at La Scala to claques paid for by rivals Madama Butterfly A Dictionary of Opera Characters 2 1900s 20th century Performing arts Music Opera Europe 1906 1906 The Simplon rail tunnel, the longest in the world (20 km), is opened...

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