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Sawbuck

Sawbuck   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...In US usage a $10 bill. A sawbuck is a sawing-horse used for cutting up firewood, the legs at each end of which are crossed and bolted in an X-shape. Before note issue became a monopoly of the Federal Reserve Bank, many had an X instead of a 10 to show the denomination. A double sawbuck is a $20...

Querno

Querno   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Camillo Querno of Apulia, hearing that Pope Leo X ( b.1475 , 1513–22 ) was a great patron of poets, went to Rome with a harp in his hand and sang a poem called Alexias , which had 20,000 verses. He was introduced to the pope as a buffoon, but was made poet laureate and became a constant frequenter of the pope’s table. Rome in her Capitol saw Querno sit, Thron’d on seven hills the Antichrist of...

T

T   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...The 20th letter of the alphabet, representing Semitic and Greek tau , which meant ‘a sign’ or ‘a mark’. Roman T is a modification of the earlier form, X. See also tau . As a medieval numeral T represents 160, and T̄ 160,000. Dot the ‘i’s and cross the ‘t’s, To See under dot . Marked with a T, To be See under mark 1 . To a T Exactly. The allusion is to the use of a T-square for the accurate drawing of right-angles, parallel lines and so...

Shilling

Shilling   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Germanic skel -, ‘to resound’, ‘to ring’, or skil -, ‘to divide’) The shilling coin dates from 1504 , was originally made with a deeply indented cross, and could be easily divided into halves and quarters. Before decimalization, a shilling (1s) was worth 12 pence (12 x 1d), and there were 20 shillings in a pound (£1). After decimalization, the shilling coin was replaced by the 5p piece ( see decimal currency ). Shilling shocker See penny-dreadful . Cooing and billing, like Philip and Mary on a shilling See under cooing . Cut off with a shilling See...

July

July   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...gift’), corresponding to the period 20 June to 19 July. Until the 18th century ‘July’ was accented on the first syllable. Even as late as 1798 William Wordsworth wrote: In March, December, and in July, ’Tis all the same with Harry Gill; The neighbours tell, and tell you truly, His teeth they chatter, chatter still. July Monarchy, The That of Louis Philippe, also called the Orleanist monarchy. See also july revolution . July Revolution, The The French revolution of 1830 (17–29 July) that overthrew Charles X and gave the throne to Louis Philippe,...

Sortes

Sortes   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...king, suggested this kind of augury , and the king hit on IV, 615–20, the gist of which is that ‘evil wars would break out, and the king lose his life’. Falkland, to laugh the matter off, said he would show his Majesty how ridiculously the ‘lot’ would foretell the next fate, and he hit on XI, 152–81, the lament of Evander for the untimely death of his son Pallas . Soon after, King Charles mourned over his noble friend who was slain at Newbury ( 1643 ). In Rabelais ( Pantagruel , III, x ( 1532 )), panurge consults the Sortes Virgilianae et Homericae on...

Modernism

Modernism   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

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Current Version:
2013

...was also a movement in the roman catholic church that sought to interpret the ancient teachings of the church with due regard to the current teachings of science, modern philosophy and history. It arose in the late 19th century and was formally condemned by Pope Pius X in 1907 in the encyclical Pascendi , which stigmatized it as the ‘synthesis of all heresies’. The term has been additionally applied to liberal and radical critics of traditional theology in other churches. The Modern Churchmen’s Union was founded in 1898 and was strongly critical...

Elephant

Elephant   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...that he could walk only with a stick. His disorder was long thought to be neurofibromatosis, but research in the late 20th century concluded that he had suffered from the extremely rare disease known as the Proteus syndrome. He died of accidental suffocation in hospital at the age of 27. Elephant paper Before metrication, a large-sized drawing paper measuring 23 x 28in (584 x 711mm). Double Elephant was a size of printing paper 27 x 40in (686 x 1016mm). The name is probably from an ancient watermark. Elephant trunk See teddy boy . Order of the Elephant, The...

Queerness in Latina/o/x Literature

Queerness in Latina/o/x Literature   Reference library

Liliana C. González

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latina and Latino Literature

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... Within US Latina/o/x cultural production, indigeneity and blackness have had a significant presence. However, the terms of this presence have changed from time to time and from one sociohistorical context to another due to varying degrees of racism and colorism. For Mexican and Chicana/o/x cultural identity, indigeneity, while controversial on the many accounts of claiming such heritage, undoubtedly figures prominently. The large indigenous and mestizo population and José Vasconcelos nationalist mestizaje discourse of the 20th century led to the...

Baudrillard, Jean

Baudrillard, Jean (1929–2007)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

.... Born in Reims, Baudrillard developed an early interest in German language and culture. He taught German at secondary-school level from 1956–66 , and translated plays by the German authors Bertolt Brecht and Peter Weiss , while undertaking his university education at Paris X – Nanterre. He completed his doctoral thesis in 1966 and it was published two years later as Le système des objets ( 1968 ), translated as The System of Objects ( 1996 ). This was followed in quick succession by La Société de consummation ( 1970 ), translated as The...

New Mexico Newspapers

New Mexico Newspapers   Reference library

Vanessa Fonseca-Chávez

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latina and Latino Literature

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...in Hispanic New Mexican newspapers from the late 19th to the mid- 20th century in Los pobladores nuevomexicanos y su poesía, 1889–1950 . 29 One of the most popular forms of literary publication in newspapers was poetry. Meyer writes at length about four types of popular poetry found in Hispanic New Mexican newspapers and includes evidence of this booming tradition from writers such as Aurelio Espinosa, Arturo L. Campa, José Escobar, J. R. Ribera, Isidoro Armijo, and the anonymous poet X.X.X (Luis Tafoya), among many others. 30 While some writers published...

Fanon, Frantz

Fanon, Frantz (1925–61)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...by the fact they were frequently banned for discussing the war in Algeria, which the French government did not want to admit to or discuss), Fanon has become a symbol of postcolonial struggle. His name is placed in the same pantheon of legendary figures of the 20th century as Che Guevera , Malcolm X , and Steve Biko , all of whom were themselves inspired by his writings. His life has inspired at least one novel, John Edgar Wideman 's Fanon ( 2008 ), and at least one film, Isaac Julien 's 1996 documentary Frantz Fanon: Black Skin White Mask . The...

Baudrillard, Jean

Baudrillard, Jean (1929–2007)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

.... Born in Reims, Baudrillard developed an early interest in German language and culture. He taught German at secondary-school level from 1956–66 , and translated plays by the German authors Bertolt Brecht and Peter Weiss , while undertaking his university education at Paris X–Nanterre. He completed his doctoral thesis in 1966 and it was published two years later as Le Système des objets ( 1968 ), translated as The System of Objects ( 1996 ). This was followed in quick succession by La Société de consummation ( 1970 ), translated as The Consumer...

Crown

Crown   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...the reign of Charles II . Silver crowns were struck from 1551 . The name derives from the French gold coin ( couronne ) first issued by Philip of Valois in 1339 , which bore a crown on the obverse. In the paper trade, crown was a standard size of printing paper measuring 15 x 20in (before metrication). It was so called from an ancient watermark. Crown Jewels, The The crown and regalia worn by the monarch at coronations and certain other important occasions, such as the State Opening of Parliament. The priceless gems include the First and Second Stars of...

Star

Star   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Conference in 1897 and is the symbol on the flag of Israel. It is found as early as the 3rd century but is not mentioned in the Bible or the talmud . Jews were made to wear such a cloth star under the nazi regime and, to show his disapproval of this affront, King Christian X of Denmark ( r.1912–47 ) wore a Star of David during the German occupation of his country. Star of India, The A British order of knighthood, the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, instituted by Queen Victoria in 1861 . Its motto is ‘Heaven‘s Light our Guide’, and it was a...

Vindicating Dominican Latinidad through Pedro Henríquez Ureña’s First New York Stay

Vindicating Dominican Latinidad through Pedro Henríquez Ureña’s First New York Stay   Reference library

Sharina Maillo-Pozo

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latina and Latino Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Cultura, 1961), x. 15. Méndez, Danny, “Culture and the City: Pedro Henríquez Ureña’s New York City,” Camino Real , 3, no. 4 (2011): 153. 16. See Yolanda Martínez-San Miguel, Coloniality of Diasporas: Rethinking Intra-Colonial Migrations in a Pan-Caribbean Context (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014), 99–123. 17. Henríquez Ureña, Memorias , 66. 18. Enrique Zuleta Álvarez, Literatura y sociedad: estudios sobre Pedro Henríquez Ureña , (Buenos Aires: Ediciones Atril, 1999), 71. 19. See Méndez, “Culture and the City,” 164. 20. Henríquez...

Day

Day   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...stone or a piece of chalk to mark their lucky days on the calendar. Unlucky days were marked with charcoal. See also red-letter day . Days of grace Strictly, the three days over and above the time stated in a commercial bill. Thus, if a bill is drawn on 20 June and is payable in one month, it is due on 20 July, but three ‘days of grace’ are added, bringing the date to 23 July. Days of the week The names of these days are of Anglo-Saxon origin while those of the months are derived from the Romans. See the individual entries for sunday , monday and so on,...

Latinx Popular Culture and Social Conflict: Comics, Graphic Novels, and Film

Latinx Popular Culture and Social Conflict: Comics, Graphic Novels, and Film   Reference library

Frederick Luis Aldama

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latina and Latino Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...as well as to embrace a term generated and deployed by new generations of Latinxs in the United States. The “x” also signifies the legacy of the wounds Latinx people experience and carry from shared histories of violent victimization, oppression, and exploitation. Indeed, Latinx scholars and activists recognize this term as a powerful bottom-up claim to language that demonstrates inclusivity. As Sandra L. Soto-Santiago succinctly stated, “The ‘x’, the ‘@,’ and whatever may come after this, are an invitation to question language and those who impose those...

Kiss

Kiss   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...the bride’ comes from the Salisbury rubric concerning the pax . In billiards (and bowls) a kiss is a very slight touch of one moving ball on another, especially a second touch.The term was also formerly used of a drop of sealing wax accidentally let fall beside the seal. The sign ‘X’ to signify a kiss, as at the end of a letter, probably represents the meeting of two pairs of lips. Kissagram A greetings service for a party or celebration, in which a person is hired to come and kiss the celebrator. The word is a blend of ‘kiss’ and ‘telegram’. Kiss and make up ...

London

London   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...gentleman. London pride A name applied to various flowering plants. In the 17th century it chiefly denoted the sweet william , whose flowers were reportedly very much sought out by Londoners for their beauty, but nowadays it is the little red-and-white flowering plant Saxifraga x urbium , also called ‘none-so-pretty’ and ‘St Patrick’s cabbage’. The precise source of the name is uncertain. Bishop Walsham How ( 1823–97 ) once wrote a poem addressed to the flower, rebuking it for possessing the sinful attribute. A lady called his attention to the fact that...

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