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Wunderkammer

(German, ‘wonder chamber’) By the end of the 16th century the term was virtually synonymous with Kunstkammer. However, it was originally used in mid-century to describe a room ...

Wunderkammer

Wunderkammer   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
72 words

... (German, ‘wonder chamber’) By the end of the 16th century the term was virtually synonymous with Kunstkammer . However, it was originally used in mid-century to describe a room containing a private collection of rare natural history specimens such as corals, but above all curiosities such as mandrakes, misshapen antlers, or narwhal tusks. Wunderkammern were predecessors of natural history museums . http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/kuns/hd_kuns.htm Description and illustrations on Metropolitan Museum of Art...

Wunderkammer

Wunderkammer noun   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
27 words

... noun L20 German (from Wunder wonder + Kammer chamber). A chamber or cabinet of wonders; historical a place exhibiting the collection of a connoisseur of...

Wunderkammer

Wunderkammer noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
38 words
Wunderkammer

Wunderkammer noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
45 words
Wunderkammer

Wunderkammer noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
26 words
Wunderkammer

Wunderkammer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(German, ‘wonder chamber’)By the end of the 16th century the term was virtually synonymous with Kunstkammer. However, it was originally used in mid-century to describe a room containing a private ...
Design

Design   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,178 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...example of the Gothic Revival of its day. James Wyatt was the leading architect of the Gothic Revival around 1800 , notably at Fonthill, where his original design of 1796 for a ruined convent was endlessly enlarged at the behest of William *Beckford to house his Wunderkammer of a collection. From about 1806 , a series of Gothic interiors were designed for the Prince of Wales's neoclassical Carlton House, with furniture and fittings which included oak chairs probably designed by James Wyatt for the library, and candelabra supplied by Mrs...

paper museum (2)

paper museum (2)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
153 words

...A collection of drawings and *prints , assembled to record and display artistic and/or natural wonders: such collections, which mark the beginnings of connoisseurship by collectors, virtuosi, and antiquaries, were initially a Renaissance phenomenon and can be related to the ‘Wunderkammer’, a chamber or cabinet of wonders. Among the most celebrated of these paper collections is the two-volume Museum (actually on vellum) of the Emperor Rudolf II, depicting mammals, fish, reptiles, birds, insects, and coral ( *Austrian National Library , Handschrfiten- und...

Kunstkammer

Kunstkammer   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
191 words

...art chamber) . While the medieval princes had mainly collected relics of saints, those of the 16th century and later assembled collections of pictures, small bronzes and marbles, and rare and precious objects, which art historians describe by the term Kunstkammer or Wunderkammer . Such collections aimed to embrace all reality; they juxtaposed the natural and artificial, and included works of art and scientific instruments, Greek or Roman antiquities, exotic objects from Africa or the New World, and bizarre or marvellous products of nature. They were...

Kunstkammer

Kunstkammer   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
180 words

...which included works of art by Dürer, Correggio, and Titian, in addition to commissioned works from goldsmiths, clockmakers, and stone-engravers. Such collections, ordered and classified, were forerunners of the modern concept of a museum collection. See cabinet picture ; Wunderkammer . http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/kuns/hd_kuns.htm Description and illustrations on Metropolitan Museum of Art...

Kunstkammer

Kunstkammer   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,082 words

...term Wunderkammer (collection of curiosities) occurs a little later, in the chronicle of the Grafen von Zimmern ( 1564–6 ), describing a room containing rare natural history specimens such as corals, but above all abnormalities such as mandrakes and misshapen antlers. At about the same time ( 1565 ) samuel van Quiccheberg used both terms, distinguishing the Kunstkammer as an ‘artificiosarum rerum conclave’ from the Wunderkammer as a ‘miraculosarum rerum promptuarum’. In 1594 the terms were combined in the expression Kunst- und Wunderkammer in the...

Settala, Manfredo

Settala, Manfredo (8 March 1600)   Reference library

James B. Kopp

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
345 words

...) is at the Museo Internazionale della Musica, Bologna. Bibliography F. Bär : ‘Le Museo Settala à Milan au XVIIe siècle: une collection d’instruments de musique à l’esprit français’, Musique–Images–Instruments , vol.2 (1996), 58–87 F. Bär : ‘Museum oder Wunderkammer? Die Musikinstrumentensammlung Manfredo Settala im Mailand des 17. Jahrhunderts’ Für Aug’ und Ohr: Musik in Kunst- und Wunderkammern , ed. W. Seipel (Milan, 1999), 59–72 James B. Kopp ...

Quiccheberg, Samuel van

Quiccheberg, Samuel van (1529)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
480 words

...älteren Geschichte der allgemeinen Museumslehre in Deutschland ’, Münchn. Jb. Bild. Kst , n.s. 1, v (1928), pp. 118–25 O. Hartig : ‘ Der Arzt Samuel Quiccheberg, der erste Museologe Deutschlands ’, Das Bayerland , xliv (1933), pp. 630–33 B. J. Balsiger : The Kunst- und Wunderkammer: A Catalogue Raisonné of Collecting in Germany, France and England, 1565–1750 (Pittsburgh, 1970), pp. 363–8, 517–27 H. Frosien-Leinz : ‘Das Antiquarium der Münchner Residenz: Katalog der Skulpturen, Bayerische Verwaltung der Schlösser’, Gärten und Seen Katalog der...

Hellbrunn, Schloss

Hellbrunn, Schloss   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
435 words

...in Österreich (Vienna, 1974), pp. 138–9 G. Dehio : Dehio-Handbuch: Die Kunstdenkmäler Österreichs (Vienna, 1986), pp. 676–81 R. R. Bigler : Schloss Hellbrunn und sein Bauherr Markus Sittikus von Hohenems: Eine Neubewertung (Zürich, 1993); revised as Schloss Hellbrunn: Wunderkammer der Gartenarchitektur (Vienna, 1996) Schloss Hellbrunn in Salzburg und seine Grotten:Studien und Beobachtungen zu ihrer Geschichte und Restaurierung (exh. cat. by F. Wagner ; Salzburg, Barockmus., 1997) W. Schaber : Hellbrunn: Schloss, Park und Wasserspiele (Salzburg,...

Württemberg, House of

Württemberg, House of   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Heiliges Kreuz at Stuttgart under Ludwig VI, Duke of Württemberg ( reg 1568–93 ), who also had the Neues (or Grosses) Lusthaus ( 1583–93 ) in Stuttgart built by Georg Beer ( 1527–1600 ). Eberhard VIII, Duke of Württemberg ( reg 1628–74 ), enlarged the existing Kunst- und Wunderkammer thereby laying the foundation of an important art collection. Eberhard-Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg ( reg 1693–1733 ), attracted Italian artists to work at the new castle he built at Ludwigsburg from 1704 , and his first cousin once removed Charles-Eugene, Duke of...

Innsbruck

Innsbruck   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,681 words
Illustration(s):
1

...blocks of differing heights. A fourth building, by an unknown architect, was added in 1586 and removed again in the 19th century. The complete museum consisted of five rooms, one behind the other, for the armoury collection, and an adjoining wing housing the Kunst- und Wunderkammer . A partial inventory of 1583 records the contents and display of the armouries, while the inventory made in 1596 after Archduke Ferdinand's death lists the entire collection. These records show that a tour of the museum began at the first armoury, where the Archduke kept...

anatomical theaters

anatomical theaters   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Science and technology, History of Science
Length:
721 words

..., Thomas Bartholin , Giovanni Battista Morgagni , and Antonio Scarpa . When Pauw left Padua to become professor of anatomy in Leyden, he urged the construction of an anatomical theater in the recently founded Leyden University. The theater built in 1597 doubled as a Wunderkammer filled with human and animal skeletons. Likewise Bartholin, after his medical education in Padua, encouraged the erection of the anatomical theater in Copenhagen completed in 1643 . The spread of anatomical theaters across Europe during the seventeenth century reflected and...

Exhibitions

Exhibitions   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
948 words

...corporate exhibitors. These constituted displays of every conceivable variety of manufactures , agricultural produce, mineral and natural wealth, as well as paintings, sculpture, decorative and applied arts, printing, and photography . This jumble of objects—an industrial wunderkammer —could be immense in scale and value. The printing presses of the Argus newspaper, for example, formed a working exhibit at Melbourne's Centennial International Exhibition ( 1888 ). Ornate temporary buildings were erected to house the largest exhibitions, to varying degrees...

Savery

Savery   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,480 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Bartholomäus Spranger and Hans von Aachen, the silversmith Paulus van Vianen, the sculptor Adriaen de Vries and several important composers and scientists. This stimulating environment was further enriched by access to the greatest Kunst- und Wunderkammer of the day. Rudolf's interest in the Kunst- und Wunderkammer doubtless accounts for his sending Roelandt into the Tyrol c. 1606–7 to draw ‘wonders’. The resultant drawings, depicting awesome mountain peaks and, especially, waterfalls, are among the earliest interpretations of these thrilling natural...

cabinets and collections

cabinets and collections   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Science and technology, History of Science
Length:
1,435 words

...and collections . Natural history cabinets and collections took shape in two forms during the Renaissance: the cabinet of curiosities and the botanical garden. The cabinet of curiosities, or Wunderkammer , was a repository of objects noteworthy to the Renaissance philosopher: rarities, exotica (from Asia or the New World), monstrosities, artifacts, natural objects, and items of historical interest. The great Renaissance collectors included Ulisse Aldrovandi , whose museum (which he bequeathed to the city of Bologna), or teatro or microcosmo , as he...

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