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World Health Organization

The directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research ...

World Health Organization

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A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
55 words

...World Health Organization The directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries, and monitoring and assessing health trends. https://www.who.int/ The World Health Organization...

World Health Organization

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A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
97 words

... Health Organization ( WHO ) The directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It was established in 1948 , shortly after the creation of the United Nations , and presently consists of 194 member states; its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland. WHO is responsible for shaping the global health research agenda, setting evidence-informed policy options, tackling the spread of diseases, promoting public health initiatives, providing technical advice to countries, and measuring health trends. It produces a number of...

World Health Organization

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A Dictionary of Nursing (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
48 words

... Health Organization ( WHO ) [werld] n. an international organization working to improve global public health. Health issues are discussed and policies evolved mainly through topic-specific working groups. The WHO handles information on internationally notifiable diseases and publishes the International Classification of Diseases. https://www.who.int/en/ The WHO...

World Health Organization

World Health Organization   Reference library

Paul R. Greenough

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...and Prevention ; Cholera ; Disease ; Foundations and Health ; HIV/AIDS ; Malaria ; Medicine ; Poliomyelitis ; Public Health ; Smallpox ; and Tuberculosis .] Bibliography Lee, Kelley . The World Health Organization (WHO) . New York: Routledge, 2009. Pan American Health Organization . Pro Salute Novi Mundi: A History of the Pan American Health Organization . Washington, D.C.: Pan American Health Organization, 1992. Siddiqi, Javed . World Health and World Politics: The WHO and the UN System . Columbia: University of South Carolina Press,...

World Health Organization

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A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... Health Organization ( WHO ) An agency of the United Nations that was founded in 1948 , is based in Geneva, and serves to promote cooperation among nations in controlling disease . http://www.who.int/en/ WHO home...

World Health Organization

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
157 words

...World Health Organization ( WHO ) A specialized agency of the UN , founded on 7 April 1948 , with its headquarters in Geneva. In its mission to promote general worldwide health, it created health services in less-developed countries, organized campaigns against epidemic diseases (e.g. smallpox, AIDS , tuberculosis, Ebola), implemented international quarantine and sanitation rules, funded research programmes and the collection and collation of statistics, and sponsored the training of medical specialists. In 2017, the organization elected its first...

World Health Organization

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
63 words

... Health Organization ( WHO ) Intergovernmental organization, a specialized agency of the United Nations . Founded in 1948 , it collects and shares medical and scientific information and promotes the establishment of international standards for drugs and vaccines. WHO has made major contributions to the prevention of diseases such as malaria, polio, leprosy and tuberculosis, and the eradication of smallpox. Its headquarters are in Geneva,...

World Health Organization

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Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
103 words

... Health Organization ( WHO ) an international organization working to improve global public health. Membership is open to all countries, and the member states are divided into six regions; the United Kingdom is part of the WHO European Region. Health issues are discussed and policies evolved mainly through topic-specific working groups. WHO staff are seconded by invitation to advise countries on solving public health problems (especially infectious disease control). WHO handles information on the internationally notifiable diseases , publishes the ...

World Health Organization

World Health Organization   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
286 words

...and policies of the Health Assembly, to act as the executive organ of the Health Assembly, to prepare the proposals and agenda of meetings of the Health Assembly, and to submit to the Health Assembly for consideration and approval a general program of work: arts. 25–29. The Secretariat is headed by a Director-General and is generally charged with the maintenance of budgetary and routine administrative matters: arts. 30–37. See Beigbeder , The World Health Organization ( 1998 ); Burci and Vignes , The World Health Organization ( 2004 ). See also <...

World Health Organization

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A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...World Health Organization ( WHO ) Founded in 1948 as the successor to the Health Office of the League of Nations, the World Health Organization is among the most important of the United Nations agencies. Its wide responsibilities include surveillance and control of health problems affecting the world's people, especially the people in tropical and low-income countries where pervasive and intractable health problems persist. It conducts and sponsors health research and is a standard-setting, information-disseminating, and educational organization. The...

World Health Organization

World Health Organization   Reference library

Richard C. Keller

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
3,272 words
Illustration(s):
1

.... World Health Organization Technical Report Series, no. 51. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 1952. World Health Organization. Female Sterilization: Guidelines for the Development of Services . WHO Offset Publication, no. 26. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 1976. World Health Organization. Four Decades of Achievement: Highlights of the Work of WHO . Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 1988. A useful history but one that highlights the WHO's successes while minimizing its failures. World Health Organization. ...

World Health Organization

World Health Organization   Reference library

Paul R. Greenough

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
423 words

...World Health Organization (WHO), specialized organization of the United Nations (UN). Headquartered in Geneva, the WHO was founded in 1948 . Its constitution, adopted in 1946 by a UN-sponsored World Health Assembly, envisioned an ambitious effort to raise health standards worldwide. The WHO's antecedents included a series of international sanitary conferences beginning in 1851 ; an International Bureau of Public Hygiene created in Paris in 1907 ; and an International Health Organization established by the League of Nations in 1921 . Governed by a...

World Health Organization

World Health Organization   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... Health Organization The World Health Organization (WHO), founded in 1948 as a specialized agency of the United Nations, has as its objective “the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health.” WHO's responsibility to direct and coordinate international health work has led to smallpox eradication (perhaps its major achievement), efforts to reform health systems to increase the availability and quality of primary health care, and important programs including those on childhood immunization, prevention of diarrheal disease and...

World Health Organization

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
189 words

...on biological standards. It publishes monthly an international journal of health development, the Bulletin of the World Health Organization . A notable success of WHO has been the global eradication of smallpox; in 2012 it declared the eradication of polio to be an urgent global health priority. WHO advocates a number of public health measures to provide safe drinking water and adequate sanitation, the immunization of all children against major communicable diseases, and the reduction of malnutrition. In addition, it has intensified efforts to prevent...

World Health Organization

World Health Organization   Reference library

Meredeth Turshen

The Oxford Companion to International Relations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,008 words

...and Underdevelopment ; Nongovernmental Organizations ; and World Bank . ] Bibliography People's Health Movement, Medact, and Global Equity Gauge Alliance . “The World Health Organization and the Commission on the Social Determinants of Health.” In Global Health Watch 2: An Alternative World Health Report, pp. 224–239. (London, 2008). Turshen, Meredeth . “The Global Health Landscape.” Development and Change 40, no. 6 (2009): 1309–1318. World Health Organization . The World Health Report 2008: Primary Health Care Now More Than Ever . (Geneva,...

World Health Organization

World Health Organization   Reference library

Erika Elvander

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,310 words

... Health Organization . The World Health Organization , or WHO , is the United Nations agency responsible for all aspects of human health. With 193 member states; six regional committees targeted at Africa, the Americas, Europe, the eastern Mediterranean, Southeast Asia, and the western Pacific; a secretariat and headquarters based in Geneva, Switzerland; nearly eight thousand full-time staff around the world; and a budget of over $3 billion (projected for 2006–2007 ), the WHO is in many ways considered to be the global authority on the priorities of the...

World Health Organization

World Health Organization   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
1,769 words

...World Health Organization ( WHO ) states that “the health of all peoples is fundamental to the attainment of peace and security.” The World Health Assembly Resolution of 1981 highlighted “the role of physicians and other health workers in the preservation and promotion of peace as the most significant factor for the attainment of health for all.” In 1984 , the Pan American Health Organization ( PAHO ) launched a program named Health as a Bridge for Peace ( HBP ) in order to implement the Expanded Program on Immunization ( EPI ) for polio in conflict areas...

World Health Organization

World Health Organization   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,020 words

... Health Organization . The World Health Organization (WHO) came into existence in 1948 , taking over the functions of the Office International d'Hygiène Publique (established 1907 ) and the Health Organization of the League of Nations (established 1919 ). WHO's aim is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health, to be achieved through technical collaboration with its members in the areas of disease eradication, nutrition, environmental hygiene, and health service administration. To this end, WHO maintains epidemiological and...

World Health Organization

World Health Organization   Reference library

John M. Last

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
2,219 words

... Health Organization International conferences aimed at standardizing quarantine regulations, and other contagious disease control measures, were held periodically from 1851 , and led to the formation of l'Office International d'Hygien Publique in 1907 . This and the Pan-American Sanitary Bureau were the precursors for the health office of the League of Nations, which was established after the Great War of 1914–18 . After World War II the functions of the Health Office were taken over in 1948 by the World Health Organization ( WHO ). Next to the UN...

World Health Organization, the

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A Dictionary of Disaster Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Environment, Sociology
Length:
90 words

...World Health Organization, the ( WHO ) The directing and coordinating UN authority on international health. The organization was created in 1948 and provides global leadership on matters critical to health, shapes the research agenda in the field, and defines norms and standards. The WHO also provides technical support and is the lead agency for the UN cluster responsible for health. The main focal areas for the WHO are global and national health systems, non-communicable and communicable diseases, and preparedness , surveillance, and response to ...

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