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Windmiller Culture

Subject: Archaeology

[CP] Archaic Stage hunter‐gatherer communities living in and around the Sacramento Valley of California, North America, in the period 2300–500 bc. These groups shared an ...

Windmiller Culture

Windmiller Culture   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
56 words

... Culture [CP] Archaic Stage hunter‐gatherer communities living in and around the Sacramento Valley of California, North America, in the period 2300–500 bc . These groups shared an elaborate material culture characterized by ornamented tools and equipment. Most conspicuous are polished charm stones. Burials were accompanied by necklaces, pendants, and other objects. Hunting and fishing were...

Windmiller Culture

Windmiller Culture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]Archaic Stage hunter‐gatherer communities living in and around the Sacramento Valley of California, North America, in the period 2300–500 bc. These groups shared an elaborate material culture ...
Windmill Hill Culture

Windmill Hill Culture   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
125 words

... Hill Culture [CP] Middle Neolithic culture defined in 1954 by Stuart Piggott as typical of communities occupying central southern England. Based on the cultural assemblage recovered from the type‐site of Windmill Hill , the culture was founded upon mixed farming, especially cattle husbandry and the cultivation of wheat and barley. In addition to causewayed enclosures the population built long barrows that also provided repositories for the dead. The pottery was well made and frequently decorated. Trading connections with other parts of the British...

Windmill Hill Culture

Windmill Hill Culture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]Middle Neolithic culture defined in 1954 by Stuart Piggott as typical of communities occupying central southern England. Based on the cultural assemblage recovered from the type‐site of Windmill ...
Primary Neolithic

Primary Neolithic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]The term used by Stuart Piggott in 1954 to describe the earliest Neolithic of the British Isles, characterized by the Windmill Hill Culture, which was thought to represent intrusive farming ...
Western Neolithic

Western Neolithic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]General and now little‐used term applied to the early and middle Neolithic communities of western Europe, especially the Chassey, Cortaillod, Lagozza, Windmill Hill, and Almerian. Although each ...
Primary Neolithic

Primary Neolithic   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
58 words

...Neolithic [CP] The term used by Stuart Piggott in 1954 to describe the earliest Neolithic of the British Isles, characterized by the Windmill Hill Culture, which was thought to represent intrusive farming groups. Although the term is sometimes used to refer to early farming groups in other areas too, it is essentially obsolete. See also Secondary Neolithic...

Western Neolithic

Western Neolithic   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
82 words

...Neolithic [CP] General and now little‐used term applied to the early and middle Neolithic communities of western Europe, especially the Chassey , Cortaillod , Lagozza , Windmill Hill , and Almerian . Although each had different specific characteristics, they were seen as having more in common amongst themselves that with the Linearbandkeramik and Trichterbecker cultures of central and eastern parts of Europe. In particular, the presence of megalithic tombs , long barrows , and round‐based pottery, and an absence of painted decoration, was used...

Kamkwamba, William

Kamkwamba, William (1987)   Reference library

gary l. frost

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
806 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the problems of developing countries. In 2008 he created the Moving Windmills Project, a not-for-profit organization that supports Malawi-run development and education projects. bibliography Kamkwamba, William , and Bryan Mealer . The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind: Creating Currents of Electricity and Hope . New York: William Morrow, 2009. Kamkwamba, William , and Bryan Mealer . “ Lecture at the MIT Technology and Culture Forum .” http://techtv.mit.edu/videos/4282-technology-amp-culture-forum—ithe-boy-who-harnessed-the-windi . gary l. ...

Nash, Ogden

Nash, Ogden   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... New Yorker . Free Wheeling and Hard Lines of 1931 were followed at regular intervals by many further collections, which include I'm a Stranger Here Myself ( 1938 ), The Face Is Familiar ( 1940 ), You Can't Get There from Here ( 1957 ), and There's Always Another Windmill ( 1968 ). I Wouldn't Have Missed It ( 1975 ) is the fullest of the various collected editions of his work. His highly idiosyncratic verse, much of which formed a sophisticated extension of the gauche idioms of naïve American poets in the folk tradition, enjoyed enormous...

Kala-i Mug

Kala-i Mug   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
491 words

...resemble leopard skin. A manuscript archive (St. Petersburg, Acad. Sci., Inst. Orient. Stud.) contained 76 texts in Sogdian, Arabic and Chinese on leather, paper and wood. The archive contained Sogdian diplomatic correspondence, a marriage contract, a contract for the lease of a windmill and various household notes and lists. Interpreted together with historical sources, these documents suggest that the castle, known as Abargar, belonged to Devastich, lord of the town of Panch ( see Pendzhikent ) in eastern Sogdiana. In 722–3 Dev astich and his family,...

Kimmel, Eric

Kimmel, Eric   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
585 words

...Brooklyn until leaving for college, receiving his EdD in 1973 . His first book, The Tartar's Sword , was published in 1974 ; he continues to publish prolifically, vividly retelling folk tales from many cultures, writing original stories, and abridging classics, as in The Tale of Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves ( 1994 ) and Don Quixote and the Windmills ( 2004 ). In 1993 he retired from teaching to write full-time, fulfilling a childhood dream. With his wife, Doris , he travels internationally to collect and to tell stories. Kimmel attributes his gift...

Homestead Act

Homestead Act   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
607 words
Illustration(s):
1

...from hailstorms, drought, fire, and wind. Some farms established under the Homestead Act were abandoned and reclaimed by nature or purchased by speculators for resale or reorganization. But, on other homesteads, wood and bricks eventually replaced sod as housing material, windmills pumped water from deep underground, landscaping began to outline permanent property lines, and various technological advances began to make farming profitable, laying the foundation for an expanded agricultural economy into the twentieth century. The act was repealed in 1976 ...

Usher, A. P.

Usher, A. P.   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
695 words

...had developed in the late nineteenth century. In what is perhaps his most important and certainly his most influential book ( A History of Mechanical Inventions ), Usher carefully examined the origins and development of inventions such as textile machinery, water wheels and windmills, clocks and watches, printing, and machine tools, always in the wider context of institutions, markets, banks, business firms, and public regulation. Here the history of technology is not merely the analysis of the accomplishments of individual inventors, but the explanation of...

Wood, Grant

Wood, Grant (1891–1942)   Reference library

James Munn Dennis

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...early “impressionistic” landscapes for photo-based, highly linear portraits, depicting, for example, his local patron's elderly father, Wood's aunt Matilda, his mother, his dentist in American Gothic , his sister Nan , his young assistant Arnold Pyle , and himself before a windmill. In addition to the narrative landscapes ( The Birthplace of Herbert Hoover, Midnight Ride of Herbert Hoover , and Death on the Ridge Road ), Wood produced three major satirical paintings: Daughters of Revolution, Parson Weems’ Fable , and the humorous allegorical painting ...

Cybernetics

Cybernetics   Reference library

Atilla Bir and Mustafa Kaçar

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,053 words
Illustration(s):
3

...of al-Jazarī’s water clock using Ktesibios’s flow regulator control mechanism. The watermills that were invented during the late Hellenistic era and developed during the Islamic Middle Ages use a sophisticated stone distance control mechanism. Later-designed Mediterranean windmills also use hand-controlled wind direction control mechanisms. In the West, the first control systems were developed by alchemists who were trying to produce gold synthetically; they believed that the ambient temperature for a reaction had to be kept constant. Thus, Drebbel ( 1610...

Peale, Charles Willson

Peale, Charles Willson (1741–1827)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
915 words

...a milk cart balanced like a mariner's compass to avoid spillage, and a windmill designed to withstand sudden gusts and storms. As an octogenarian, he turned his artisanal talents to dentistry, becoming one of the first in the country successfully to manufacture false teeth out of porcelain. Peale was a man of great range and diversity in his practical accomplishments, a representative figure of the American Enlightenment. [See also Philadelphia .] Appel, Toby A. Science, Popular Culture and Profit: Peale's Philadelphia Museum . Journal of the Society for...

Wood, Grant

Wood, Grant (13 Feb 1891)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
832 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the windmill and the shocks of corn visible over the sitter's shoulder localize Wood's painting to the American Midwest. Although Wood himself credits his trip to Munich as the catalyst for his conversion to Regionalism, other, more immediate sources for Wood's turn to Midwestern themes have been uncovered (Corn). One source is Wood's admiration for the writings of Jay Sigmund and Ruth Suckow, both of Iowa, who encouraged Midwesterners to cherish their indigenous heritage and eschew the prevalent inferiority complex regarding East Coast and European culture. ...

Treatises, Military Engineering

Treatises, Military Engineering   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...understood how to build the described devices, as constriction details are often frustratingly absent. The earliest of these was Guido da Vigevano’s Texaurus Regis Francie (c. 1335 ), which described inventive devices the French king might take on crusade such as cranked- and windmill-powered battlewagons, siege shelters, and even inflatable bladders as flotation devices for crossing water obstacles with heavy armor. Engineering treatises characteristically must rely on pictorial description to convey meaning in a way that many other fields do not. The...

automata

automata   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Body

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
917 words

...of a magician would come to life and point with his wand to a spot where the answer appeared. Among the more intricate mechanical gadgets popularized in the eighteenth century were tableaux mécaniques , or mechanical images — framed, painted landscapes, in which mannikins, windmills, and the like came to life thanks to concealed clockwork. Closely related to the tableaux mécaniques were mechanical theatres; the most lavish was put up in the gardens of Hellbrun, near Salzburg, Austria, and involved 113 hydraulically worked figures. The most acclaimed...

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