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William Wollaston

Subject: Philosophy

(1660–1724) William Wollaston was born at Coton- Clanford, Staffordshire on 26 March 1660 and died on 20 October 1724. After an unpropitious start in life as a sickly younger son ...

Wollaston, William

Wollaston, William (1660–1724)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,766 words

..., William ( 1660–1724 ) William Wollaston was born at Coton- Clanford, Staffordshire on 26 March 1660 and died on 20 October 1724 . After an unpropitious start in life as a sickly younger son in an impoverished branch of a family of Midlands gentry, Wollaston entered Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge in 1674 and left as an MA in 1681 after failing to gain a hoped-for Fellowship. He then became an assistant master at Birmingham School, and was ordained priest in 1685 . When his fortunes were transformed in 1688 by an unexpected inheritance...

Wollaston, William

Wollaston, William (1660–1724)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
167 words

..., William ( 1660–1724 ) English moral philosopher , whose The Religion of Nature Delimited ( 1722 ) was popular in the first half of the eighteenth century. It propounded the theory that all vice is a species of lying, or in other words that the fault of a wrong action lies in its tendency to give rise to false belief. The theory had the misfortune to be discussed by Hume (Treatise, Bk III, 1, 1) who first admits that ‘a person, who thro’ a window sees any lewd behaviour of mine with my neighbour’s wife, may be so simple as to imagine she is...

Wollaston, William Hyde

Wollaston, William Hyde   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Scientists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
358 words

..., William Hyde (1766–1828) British chemist and physicist Wollaston , the son of a clergyman from East Dereham in Norfolk, was educated at Cambridge University, England, where he graduated in 1788 . He practiced as a physician before moving to London ( 1801 ) to devote himself to science, working in a variety of fields, including chemistry, physics, and astronomy, and making several important discoveries, both theoretical and practical. Wollaston made himself financially independent by inventing, in 1804 , a process to produce pure malleable platinum,...

William Hyde Wollaston

William Hyde Wollaston (1766–1828)   Reference library

Francis Crick

Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
195 words

...William Hyde Wollaston 1766 – 1828 British chemist and physicist I am further inclined to think, that when our views are sufficiently extended, to enable us to reason with precision concerning the proportions of elementary atoms, we shall find the arithmetical relation alone will not be sufficient to explain their mutual action, and that we shall be obliged to acquire a geometric conception of their relative arrangement in all three dimensions of solid extension. ‘On Super-acid and Sub-acid salts’ , Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of...

Wollaston, William Hyde

Wollaston, William Hyde (1766–1828)   Reference library

The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., William Hyde ( 1766–1828 ) British chemist and physicist . Wollaston...

Wollaston, William Hyde

Wollaston, William Hyde   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
34 words
Wollaston, William Hyde

Wollaston, William Hyde   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
58 words
Wollaston, William Hyde

Wollaston, William Hyde   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
75 words
William Wollaston

William Wollaston  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1660–1724)William Wollaston was born at Coton- Clanford, Staffordshire on 26 March 1660 and died on 20 October 1724. After an unpropitious start in life as a sickly younger son ...
Wollaston prism

Wollaston prism  

A type of quartz prism for producing plane-polarized light. It deviates the ordinary and extraordinary rays in opposite directions by approximately the same amount. Like the Rochon prism, it can be ...
protyle

protyle  

Reference type:
Overview Page
William Prout (1785–1850) was an English physician with a strong interest in medical chemistry and physiology. Like William Wollaston and Humphry Davy, he objected to John Dalton's hypothesis of ...
Charles Crawford

Charles Crawford  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(b. 1752)Charles Crawford was born in Antigua. A sometime Fellow Commoner of Queen's College, Cambridge, Venn's Alumni Cantabrigienses reports that he was expelled from Queen's on 27 September 1773 ...
wollastonite

wollastonite  

Member of the nesosilicates (chain silicates) CaSiO3 and associated with the pyroxenes, although it does not possess a pyroxene atomic lattice and is termed a pyroxenoid (along with pectolite ...
John Balguy

John Balguy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1686–1748)John Balguy was born in Sheffield on 12 August 1686 and died at Harrogate. He went up to St John's College, Cambridge as a sizar in 1702 (BA, 1705–6 ...
John Taylor

John Taylor  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1694–1761), Dissenting minister. His Hebrew Concordance (1754–7) was designed to serve also the purposes of a lexicon and marked an advance in the study of Hebrew roots. His Scripture Doctrine of ...
rhodium

rhodium  

Symbol Rh. A silvery-white metallic transition element; a.n. 45; r.a.m. 102.9; r.d. 12.4; m.p. 1966°C; b.p. 3727°C. It occurs with platinum and is used in certain platinum alloys (e.g. for ...
J. Richardson

J. Richardson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(fl. 1755–73)J. Richardson is an elusive figure, who had his one brief moment of glory and was the occasion for an amusing author-replies-to-review. Little is known about his life ...
Oxford Philosophy

Oxford Philosophy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The study and teaching of philosophy in Oxford go back at least to the early thirteenth-century Augustinian, or Neoplatonist, Robert Grosseteste, one of the few medieval philosophers to know Greek. ...
Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1791–1867)British chemist and physicist, who received little formal education. He started to experiment on electricity and in 1812 attended lectures by Sir Humphry Davy at the Royal Institution; a ...
duty

duty  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
That which one must do, or that which can be required of one. The term carries implications of that which is owed (due) to other people, or perhaps to oneself. Universal duties would be owed to ...

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