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William Laud

(1573–1645) English prelate. In 1633 he was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury and set about the suppression of the prevailing Calvinism in England and Presbyterianism in ...

Laud, William

Laud, William (1573–1645)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

..., William , ( 1573–1645 ) English prelate and Archbishop of Canterbury A Relation of the Conference Betweene William Lawd… and Mr Fisher ( 1639 ) Non-Fiction Seven Sermons Preached upon Severall Occasions ( 1651 ) Non-Fiction A Summarie of Devotions ( 1667 ) Non-Fiction The History of the Troubles and Tryal of William Laud ( 1695 ) ...

Laud, William

Laud, William (1573–1645)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
83 words

..., William ( 1573–1645 ) English cleric , Archbishop of Canterbury ( 1633–45 ). As religious adviser to King Charles I , whom he supported during his period of non-parliamentary rule ( 1629–40 ), Laud imposed press censorship, enforced a policy regulating wages and prices, and sought to remove Puritans from important positions in the Church. His attempt to impose the English Prayer Book upon the Scots was one of the immediate causes of the English Civil Wars. Laud was impeached ( 1640 ) by the Long Parliament...

Laud, William

Laud, William (1573–1645)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
82 words

..., William ( 1573–1645 ) Archbishop of Canterbury and Charles I’s ill-fated cleric. A benefactor to the *Bodleian and chancellor of Oxford University ( 1630–41 ), he donated to the university’s library more than 1,200 MSS, as well as coins and a Mexican magic staff. His best-known benefaction is the bilingual (Greek and Latin) Acts of the Apostles (MS Laud Gr. 35), probably perused by Bede. The collection, part of which came from Germany, also included Oriental and Hebrew *codices . David Rundle...

Laud, William

Laud, William (1573–1645)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
72 words

..., William ( 1573–1645 ) English prelate . In 1633 he was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury and set about the suppression of the prevailing Calvinism in England and Presbyterianism in Scotland. His moves to impose liturgical uniformity by restoring pre‐Reformation practices aroused great hostility; they led to war in Scotland and were a contributory cause of the English Civil War. In 1640 Laud was impeached and imprisoned; he was later executed for...

Laud, William

Laud, William   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
226 words

..., William ( 1573–1645 ). Archbishop of Canterbury. Laud has always been a controversial character. Born at Reading, a graduate of St John's College, Oxford ( 1594 ), he was successively chaplain to the earl of Devonshire ( 1603 ), president of St John's ( 1611–21 ), dean of Gloucester ( 1616 ), bishop of St Davids ( 1621–6 ), Bath and Wells ( 1626–8 ), and London ( 1628–33 ), and archbishop ( 1633–45 ). Historians have regarded his use of the Court of High Commission and especially his supposed attempt to enforce the English Prayer Book on Scotland (...

Laud, William

Laud, William (1573–1645)   Reference library

Revd Dr William M. Marshall

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
447 words

..., William ( 1573–1645 ) . Archbishop of Canterbury. Laud has always been a controversial character. Born at Reading, a graduate of St John’s College, Oxford ( 1594 ), he was successively chaplain to the earl of Devonshire ( 1603 ), president of St John’s ( 1611–21 ), dean of Gloucester ( 1616 ), bishop of St Davids ( 1621–6 ), Bath and Wells ( 1626–8 ), and London ( 1628–33 ), and archbishop ( 1633–45 ). Historians have regarded his use of the Court of High Commission and especially his supposed attempt to enforce the English Prayer Book on Scotland (...

Laud, William

Laud, William (1573–1645)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,142 words

..., William ( 1573–1645 ) William Laud was born in Reading on 7 October 1573 and was beheaded in the Tower on 10 January 1645 . He attended the borough Free School in Reading and matriculated at St John's College, Oxford in 1589 , being elected Fellow of the College in 1593 . Laud graduated BA in 1594 , MA in 1598 , BD in 1604 and DD in 1608 . His tutor John Buckeridge was a leader of the late Elizabethan Arminian resistance to the Calvinist orthodoxy then prevalent in the University. Laud was ordained deacon and priest of the Church of England...

Laud, William

Laud, William (1573–1645)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
197 words

..., William ( 1573–1645 ) The son of a Reading cloth merchant, a scholar and later president of St John's College, Oxford. At Charles I's accession he was bishop of St David's, and was promoted successively to the sees of Bath and Wells and London, becoming archbishop of Canterbury in 1633 . He encouraged the king's belief that he ruled by divine right, and, in his effort to impose uniformity on the Church of England, persecuted Puritans, Presbyterians, and sectarians, imposing harsh and humiliating punishments. In 1637 William Prynne , John Bastwick ...

Laud, William

Laud, William (1573–1645)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
180 words

..., William ( 1573–1645 ), Abp. of Canterbury from 1633 . He had earlier been President of St John's College, Oxford, and Bp. successively of St Davids ( 1621 ), Bath and Wells ( 1626 ), and London ( 1628 ). He opposed the prevailing Calvinist theology and sought to restore something of the pre-Reformation liturgical practice of the C of E. His work on the High Commission and his efforts to impose liturgical uniformity aroused the intense hostility of the Puritans . His attempt in 1637 to enforce a new liturgy in Scotland proved to be a...

Laud, William

Laud, William (1573–1645)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
153 words

..., William ( 1573–1645 ) At Charles I's accession he was bishop of St David's, becoming archbishop of Canterbury in 1633 . He encouraged the king's belief that he ruled by divine right, and, in his effort to impose uniformity on the Church of England, persecuted Puritans, Presbyterians, and sectarians, imposing harsh and humiliating punishments. In 1637 William Prynne , John Bastwick ( 1593–1654 ), and Henry Burton ( 1578–1648 ) had their ears cut off and were branded on both cheeks for the crime of seditious libel. In the run‐up to the Civil War he...

Laud, William

Laud, William (1573–1645)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
803 words

...1988). E. C. E. Bourne , The Anglicanism of William Laud (1947). [J. E.] C. Hill , Economic Problems of the Church from Archbishop Whitgift to the Long Parliament (Oxford, 1956). N. [R. N.] Tyacke , Anti-Calvinists: The Rise of English Arminianism c.1590–1640 ( ibid. , 1987), passim (see index). Id., ‘Archbishop Laud’ in K. Fincham (ed.), The Early Stuart Church, 1603–1642 (1993), 51–70. J. Davies , The Caroline Captivity of the Church (Oxford, 1992), esp. 46–86. K. Fincham , ‘ William Laud and the Exercise of Caroline Ecclesiastical...

William Laud

William Laud (1573–1645)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
166 words

...0William William Laud 1573 – 1645 English churchman , Archbishop of Canterbury from 1633; executed for treason Lord I am coming as fast as I can, I know I must pass through the shadow of death, before I can come to see thee; But it is but Umbra Mortis , a mere shadow of death, a little darkness upon nature; but thou by thy merits and passion, hast broke through the jaws of death; the Lord receive my soul, and have mercy upon me, and bless this kingdom with peace and plenty, and with brotherly love and charity, that there may not be this effusion of...

Laud, William

Laud, William   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
60 words
Laud, William

Laud, William   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
55 words
Laud, William

Laud, William   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
74 words
William Laud

William Laud  

(1573–1645)English prelate. In 1633 he was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury and set about the suppression of the prevailing Calvinism in England and Presbyterianism in Scotland. His moves to impose ...
Lauder, William

Lauder, William (1771)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
69 words

..., William (d. 1771 ) Literary forger . Lauder was a classical scholar who interpolated in the works of the 17th‐century Latin poets Masenius and Staphorstius extracts from a Latin verse rendering of Paradise Lost in order to suggest that Milton had plagiarized them. Samuel Johnson wrote a preface for Lauder's original pamphlet and drafted an apology when the fraud was exposed by John Douglas ( 1721–1807...

Lauder, William

Lauder, William (c.1710–c.1771)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
102 words

..., William ( c .1710– c .1771 ) Disappointed that his substantial Poetarum Scotorum Musae Sacrae ( 1739 ) had failed to win him an academic post in Edinburgh, Lauder opened a new career in London with a campaign to prove that Paradise Lost was a tissue of *plagiarisms . He claimed to have identified many passages as translations from neo-Latin originals. S. *Johnson was induced to write a preface for his Essay on Milton’s Use and Imitation of the Moderns ( 1750 ), but—having discovered the fraudulence of many of its quotations—dictated a...

William Lauder

William Lauder  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(d. 1771),literary forger, a good classical scholar, was proved to have interpolated in the works of Masenius and Staphorstius (17th‐cent. Latin poets) extracts from a Latin verse rendering of ...
Historic Churches

Historic Churches   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,400 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...1400–1580 (1992). St Mary, Croscombe (Somerset), has an unusually complete interior from this period, with an elaborate rood‐screen surmounted by the royal arms , a pulpit donated by the Bishop of Bath and Wells, box pews, and chandeliers. Under the influence of Archbishop Laud, many churches attempted to restore ‘the beauty of holiness’, but this movement came to an end with the defeat of the Royalists in the Civil War . During the 17th century churches became filled with pews. The inevitable disputes which broke out over their positioning were settled...

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