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William John Thoms

Subject: Literature

(1803–85), antiquary, author of several works including The Book of the Court (1838), and editor of a number of volumes including a collection of Early Prose Romances (1827–8) ...

THOMS, William John

THOMS, William John (1803–85)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
82 words

...THOMS, William John ( 1803–85 ) British antiquary who wrote versions of many old chapbook stories which were published for children in the mid-19th cent. by Joseph Cundall . Many of them appeared under the title Gammer Gurton’s Story Books . Thoms, who was clerk and deputy librarian to the House of Lords, founded the journal Notes and Queries , and is credited with having invented the term ‘folklore’, which he used in an article in the Athenaeum on 22 August, 1846...

Thoms, William John

Thoms, William John   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
170 words

..., William John ( 1803–1885 ), British antiquary and author of children's versions of old chapbook stories. Written under the pseudonym Ambrose Merton, they include The Old Story Books of England ( 1845 ), containing the stories of Bevis, Guy of Warwick, Robin Hood, and so forth; Gammer Gurton's Famous Histories ( 1846 ); and Gammer Gurton's Pleasant Stories ( 1848 ). Thoms also edited a number of volumes, including Early English Prose Romances ( 1827–1828 ) and The History of Reynard the Fox ( 1844 ). In the Athenaeum he reviewed The Interlude...

Thoms, William John

Thoms, William John (1803–85)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
99 words

..., William John ( 1803–85 ) Antiquary ; successively clerk and deputy librarian to the House of Lords . He wrote The Book of the Court ( 1838 ), and edited a number of volumes including Early Prose Romances ( 1827–8 ) and The History of Reynard the Fox ( 1844 ) for the Percy Society . He was secretary of the Camden Society ( 1838–73 ). In 1846 , in an article in the Athenaeum headed ‘Folk Lore’, he introduced this term into the English language. Encouraged by Charles Dilke he founded Notes and Queries in 1849 ....

William John Thoms

William John Thoms  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1803–85),antiquary, author of several works including The Book of the Court (1838), and editor of a number of volumes including a collection of Early Prose Romances (1827–8) and The History of ...
Labour History

Labour History   Quick reference

John L. Halstead

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,401 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...labour history, is relevant. Cooperative institutions also were labour self‐help organizations. There is no complete modern general history, but see G. D. H. Cole ( 1889–1959 ), A Century of Co‐operation ( 1944 ). Women's cooperation is treated in Jean Gaffin and David Thoms , Caring and Sharing: The Centenary History of the Co‐operative Women's Guild ( 1983 ). The political institutions of labour belong to the late 19th century and beyond. The first to be created were the socialist societies, which joined with the trade unions in the formation of...

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual   Quick reference

Charles Phythian-Adams

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,037 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Customs, and Civic Ritual Folklore ‘Folklore’—a term coined in 1846 by William John Thoms to describe the ‘lore of the people’—is most usefully thought of as comprising that body of pre‐ (or nowadays ‘non‐’) scientific beliefs through which humanity seeks to explain (and, when need arises, to exploit) its place in relation to the forces of nature and the supernatural. The antiquity of such beliefs is not in doubt, but it is difficult precisely to prove their prehistoric origins in the way so much beloved of the earlier folklorists, beyond...

R.A. Simpson

R.A. Simpson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1929– ),was born in Melbourne, studied with the Christian Brothers, then at Melbourne Teachers' College and the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology. He was an art teacher in various secondary ...
Bevis of Hampton

Bevis of Hampton  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A popular verse romance from the late 13th or early 14th cent. in 4,620 lines, based on a 12th‐cent. Anglo‐Norman chanson de geste entitled Beuves de Hanstone.
John Capreolus

John Capreolus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.1380–1444), Thomist philosopher and theologian. A Dominican, he lectured at Paris and Toulouse. His main work (Defensiones, 1409–32) was a defence of the teaching of St Thomas Aquinas against ...
Quarto

Quarto  

A monthly journal edited by Richard Boston and John Ryle which appeared between 1979, when it was formed during the temporary closure of the Times Literary Supplement, and 1982, when ...
Notes and Queries

Notes and Queries  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A periodical founded in 1849 by Thoms, designed to furnish a means for the interchange of thought and information among those engaged in literature, art, and science. Its motto was (until 1923) ...
London Magazine

London Magazine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A periodical founded in 1954 by John Lehmann as a monthly journal of poetry, prose fiction, and criticism. During its early years contributors included Graham Greene, V. S. Pritchett, Edwin ...
William of Occam

William of Occam  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c. 1289–1349).Occam is a village near Guildford in Surrey, from which William presumably took his name. An Oxford Franciscan, he is said to have been a pupil of Duns Scotus. His thought developed ...
Al Alvarez

Al Alvarez  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1929– ),poet, broadcaster, and critic, born in London, and educated at Oundle and Corpus Christi, Oxford. His works include The Shaping Spirit (1958), a critical study of modern poetry, and The ...
Folklore Society

Folklore Society  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Folk-Lore Society was founded in January 1878 (it kept the hyphen till 1968), and was thus the first society in the world devoted to the subject. There had been protracted correspondence in N&Q ...
New Lines

New Lines  

(1956),an anthology edited by R. Conquest, containing work by himself, E. Jennings, John Holloway (1920– ), Larkin, Gunn, Amis, Enright, Davie, and J. Wain, poets associated with the Movement. In his ...
Francis Douce

Francis Douce  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1757–1834)Antiquary and book‐collector. Although his Illustrations of Shakespeare (1807) was a pioneering collection of contemporary material, his most lasting achievement was his personal ...
William Carlos Williams

William Carlos Williams  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1883–1963)US poet, who received the Dial award (1926), the National Book Award (1950), and the Bollingen Prize in Poetry (1952).The son of an English father and a Puerto Rican mother, Williams was ...
Kingsley Amis

Kingsley Amis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1922– ),was born in South London and educated at the City of London School and St John's College, Oxford, where Philip Larkin was a fellow undergraduate and close friend. He ...
John Duns Scotus

John Duns Scotus  

(c. 1265–1308),Scottish theologian and scholar. A profoundly influential figure in the Middle Ages, he was the first major theologian to defend the theory of the Immaculate Conception, and opposed St ...

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