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Westphalian state system

Term used in international relations, supposedly arising from the Treaties of Westphalia in 1648 which ended the Thirty Years War. It is generally held to mean a system of states or ...

Westphalian state system

Westphalian state system   Quick reference

Richard Coggins

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
159 words

... state system Term used in international relations , supposedly arising from the Treaties of Westphalia in 1648 which ended the Thirty Years War. It is generally held to mean a system of states or international society comprising sovereign state entities possessing the monopoly of force within their mutually recognized territories. Relations between states are conducted by means of formal diplomatic ties between heads of state and governments, and international law consists of treaties made (and broken) by those sovereign entities. The term...

Westphalian state system

Westphalian state system  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Term used in international relations, supposedly arising from the Treaties of Westphalia in 1648 which ended the Thirty Years War. It is generally held to mean a system of states or international ...
international system

international system   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
32 words

...system A term used to describe the pattern of relationships between and amongst states as the key unit of study in international relations . See also state system ; Westphalian state system...

Westphalian model

Westphalian model   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
62 words

... model The system of sovereign states formalized in Europe by the Treaty of Westphalia 1648 ( see state ; sovereignty ). This provided for the ruler of each territory to be recognized as sovereign by other rulers, a situation also dependent on the recognition of agreed political boundaries . The Westphalian model therefore describes an ideal international treaty based on nation...

state system

state system   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
93 words

...and the Westphalian state system...

Westphalian System

Westphalian System   Reference library

Jack Donnelly

The Oxford Companion to International Relations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,855 words

...and “Westphalian” have become almost interchangeable. The most commonly referenced elements of “the Westphalian system” are exclusive sovereign jurisdiction—including territorial jurisdiction, absolute authority over the form and function of a state's government, and a strong principle of nonintervention—and the equality of sovereigns. “The Westphalian system was rooted in the principles of the inviolability of state sovereignty, territoriality, and state equality” ( Sadosky, 2009 , p. 6). “The founding principles of the Westphalian system . . . [were]...

Westphalian system

Westphalian system   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
549 words

... system The Peace of Westphalia consists of the Treaties of Munster and Osnabrück signed in May and October 1648 . These agreements ended a series of protracted wars in Europe (the 30 Years War and the 80 Years War). The conflicts in Europe preceding the Westphalian settlement were confused affairs, largely because the fault‐lines were not at all clear. The impetus for war was partly religious: Protestant–Catholic rivalry in Europe had provoked innumerable, vicious wars in the period leading up to Westphalia. Cutting across these religious divisions,...

Sovereignty

Sovereignty   Reference library

Jessie Moritz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,681 words

...the Muslim community. Islamic responses to the imposition of Westphalian sovereignty ranged from rejection of the West and reassertion of Islamic sovereignty to acceptance of Western political systems and the advantages they offered. In particular, leaders of Muslim states increasingly implemented secularist policies, exiling Islam from state to society. Mustafa Kemal Atatūrk, for example, abolished the position of khilāfat in the Ottoman Empire, opting instead for secular, Western-inspired state structures. Previously Islamic countries such as Egypt,...

Intersecting Geographies of Institutions and Sovereignty

Intersecting Geographies of Institutions and Sovereignty   Reference library

Alexander B. Murphy

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,763 words

...traditional role of the state. He documented a series of developments that, he argued, are fundamentally altering the geography of power. In his words, “political power now circulates in ways that are not best captured by the theoretical equation of fixed state territoriality, pre-given political identities, and limited movement of goods, investment, and people” ( 1999 :521). As such, he contended that conventional theories in International Relations, which are grounded in a set of assumptions rooted in the Westphalian state system, need to be rethought. Turning...

Sovereignty as a Problematic Conceptual Core

Sovereignty as a Problematic Conceptual Core   Reference library

Rosemary E. Shinko

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,792 words

...parts in order to isolate the idea of control and to undergird his claim that the Westphalian state is merely an approximation, a convenient reference point, and that violations of Westphalian sovereignty are inevitable within the international system. Few states approximate the Westphalian model in its entirety, but it is, nonetheless, the standard to which states attempt to approximate their actions and by which those same actions are measured. Violating another state’s sovereignty (territoriality and authority) is not only always an option for the more...

International Law

International Law   Reference library

Charlotte Ku

The Oxford Companion to International Relations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,543 words

...cradle of this system. The resolution of the political, economic, and cultural issues raised by creating states remains the cause of many wars, mass brutality, and even genocide. Nevertheless, the state is the form of territorially based political control and allocation of resources that endures and remains a principal actor in international law. The juridical independence and equality conferred by Westphalian international law, however, does not automatically translate into uniform behavior or political and economic equality. How a state acts or is treated...

decolonization

decolonization   Quick reference

Richard Coggins

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
639 words

...grant of formal constitutional independence by the departing colonial power. Independence is conferred and the new state takes its place in the international system, including membership of international bodies such as the United Nations. Political sovereignty is conferred upon the new state by its acceptance into the Westphalian state system and the international community. More broadly, it refers to the change in government of the new state from bureaucratic‐authoritarian government by the colonizing power, whether authoritarian, paternalistic, or by a...

Westphalia, Peace of

Westphalia, Peace of   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
1,594 words

...them are, at least in part, the result of the difficulty inherent in reconciling Westphalian principles with the aspirations for international community and collective security expressed in the United Nations Charter. Westphalian norms of noninterference and sovereign immunity also clash with the development of international courts and tribunals, based on the Nuremberg Principle that those who systematically and unconscionably violate the law of nations, even as heads of state, are accountable to the international community for their actions. Significant...

sovereignty

sovereignty   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
862 words

...This is what distinguished the weakest state from the most powerful transnational corporation. The other is external; sovereignty arises from a system of states and is based upon mutual recognition ( see Westphalian model ). A state is only sovereign insofar as other sovereign authorities recognize and treat it as such. There are many instances of entities that claim to rightfully govern a territory which are nonetheless not recognized as legitimate authorities by other states; Northern Cyprus, is one example. Sovereignty is a highly contentious concept...

Pluralism, Legal

Pluralism, Legal   Reference library

Oren Perez

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
540 words

...describe global phenomena, triggering a new wave of literature focusing on “global legal pluralism.” Similarly to the national context, this lit-erature challenged the Westphalian emphasis on the state as the exclusive source of norm-making within the international domain, highlighting the increasing influence of nonstatal regimes. Examples include the lex mercatoria , the normative orders created by multinational enterprises and global international standard-setting organizations and hybrid initiatives such as the Global Reporting Initiative and the Equator...

International Relations

International Relations   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,357 words
Illustration(s):
1

...order, and even the Westphalian system, further. The radical group's attack and the American government's response have lent credibility to the thesis of Samuel Huntington that the Cold War has given way to a “clash of civilizations.” At the same time, International Relations. Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov and U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, Moscow, January 1999. Photograph by Alexander Zemlianichenko. AP Images the effect of 9/11 has been, somewhat paradoxically, to reconsolidate reliance on the state as the ultimate defender of...

Postinternational Theory

Postinternational Theory   Reference library

Yale H. Ferguson and Richard W. Mansbach

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,778 words

...state legitimacy and authority. With formerly stable structures in flux, citizens are acquiring attitudes that make them less compliant and provoke them to experiment with new ways of directly altering prevailing structures. Hierarchy breaks down as people’s “ability to employ, articulate, direct, and implement whatever their attitudes may be” expands ( Rosenau 1990 :334). Incompatibility of State Frontiers and Functional Systems As the Westphalian world matured, the borders of European states encompassed economic, security, and national systems, and...

International Organizations and Criminal Justice

International Organizations and Criminal Justice   Reference library

Adam M. Smith

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,425 words

...jibes uncomfortably with the state-based system organized by the UN, and the state-based justice provided for in the Charter. Whereas the Westphalian state is to a degree impenetrable from above, the notion of the “state” implicitly assumed by the international criminal justice system is one that is porous, allowing the wider world community and other states to pierce the “veil of the state” and address individuals directly. More than simply reducing the strength of its inviolability, it could be argued that the state is actually fundamentally...

The Public Sphere

The Public Sphere   Reference library

Benjamin Herborth and Oliver Kessler

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,560 words

...in as a possible source of legitimacy. The emergence of manifold new forms of political authority beyond the nation-state raises the pressing question of how such processes can be justified. Taking the transformation of the Westphalian System as a vantage point, the idea of public deliberation, a free and unconstrained exchange of arguments, has been explored as a means of better understanding the “legitimacy” of rules “beyond” the state ( Steffek 2002 ). Legitimacy, according to this view, results from the exchange of arguments about goals, means, and...

International Systems

International Systems   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,187 words

...the European origins of the interstate system. In that process, the traditional concept of a “Great Power” has continued to have meaning when defined in terms of significant nuclear weapons delivery capabilities, but newer, sometimes conflicting notions of economic “powers” or “*superpowers” also exist. Others have argued that the Westphalian system of territorially sovereign nation-states is being even more radically transcended. Somehow, the equal and absolute juridical and territorial sovereignty of each nation-state seems a unit-constituting principle out...

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