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Western Sahara

Independence now seems increasingly unlikely Western Sahara's territory on the north-west coast of Africa is largely flat and almost entirely desert. The western two-thirds of ...

Western Sahara

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Sahara. When the Spanish withdrew in 1976 the province was partitioned between Morocco, which took the northern two-thirds, and Mauritania, which renamed Rio de Oro Tiris el-Gharbia. Spanish Sahara became known as Western Sahara. However, to the Polisario Front, a liberation movement formed in 1973 to establish an independent state in Spanish Sahara, it became known as the Saharan (or Sahrawi) Arab Democratic Republic. In 1979 Mauritania, following military reversals at the hands of the Polisario Front, renounced its share of the territory. The Moroccans...

Western Sahara

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Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
335 words

... Sahara . Situated on the Atlantic coast between Morocco and Mauritania, Western Sahara—with an area of 102,703 square miles (266,001 square kilometers) and an estimated population in 2005 of 341,000—is Africa's last colony. Western Sahara was a Spanish protectorate since the Treaty of Berlin ( 1885 ). Long resistance by the Saharawi peoples to colonial rule culminated in 1965 when the United Nations General Assembly reaffirmed the peoples' inalienable right to self-determination and requested that Spain end its colonial rule. Spain's failure to...

Western Sahara

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Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...that called for independence. Representatives from Morocco and the Polisario Front have met four times since June 2007 to negotiate the status of Western Sahara, but talks have stalled since the UN envoy to the territory stated in April 2008 that independence is unrealistic. See also Pastoralism ; United Nations in Africa . Western Sahara (At a Glance) Official Name: Western Sahara Former Name: Spanish Sahara Area: 266,000 sq km (about 103,000 sq mi) Location: North Africa, on the Atlantic Ocean; borders Morocco, Algeria, and Mauritania Capital: None...

Western Sahara

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A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
679 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in Western Sahara, which Morocco insists should be included. There have been numerous international attempts to break the deadlock, but none have yet succeeded, and the process has ground to a halt. The UN seemed to consider independence as unrealistic. In 2017 Morocco was readmitted to the African Union, with the hope that settlement of the dispute might be possible. However, in November 2017, King Mohammed rejected any arrangement that would lead to an independent country in any part of Western Sahara. The UN Mission for a Referendum in Western Sahara...

Western Sahara

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The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
980 words

... and Daniel Volmam , eds., International Dimensions of the Western Sahara Conflict (Westport, Conn., 1993). Yahia H. Zoubir and Anthony G. Pazzanita , The United Nations' Failure to Resolve the Western Sahara Conflict , Middle East Journal 49, no. 4 (Autumn 1995): 614–28. Martine de Froberville , Sahara occidental: La confiance perdue (Paris, 1996). Yahia H. Zoubir , The Western Sahara Conflict: A Case Study in Failure of Prenegotiation and Prolongation of Conflict , California Western International Law Journal 26, no. 2 (Spring 1996): 173–213....

Western Sahara

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
438 words

...be possible. However, in November 2017, King Mohammed rejected any arrangement that would lead to an independent country in any part of Western Sahara. The UN Mission for a Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO), established in 1991, attempted to restart negotiations at the end of 2018. https://minurso.unmissions.org/ UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) news https://www.spsrasd.info/news/en Sahara Press Service, Polisario-run news...

Western Sahara

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
268 words

... Sahara ( formerly Spanish Sahara ) Desert territory on the Atlantic coast of nw Africa, bordering n with Morocco, ne with Algeria, and e and s with Mauritania; the capital is El Aaiún. The territory comprises two districts: Saguia el Hamra in the n , and Río de Oro in the s . The population consists of Arabs, Berbers, and pastoral nomads, most of whom are Sunni Muslims. Livestock-rearing dominates agriculture. The first European arrival was in 1434 , but the area remained unexploited until the 19th century, and even then Spain controlled...

Western Sahara Case

Western Sahara Case   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
443 words

... Sahara Case 1975 I.C.J. Rep. 12 . In connection with the decolonization of Western Sahara, a controversy arose as to the legal status of the territory. The General Assembly, by Res. 3292 (XXIX) of 13 December 1974 , sought from the I.C.J. an advisory opinion on the questions whether Western Sahara at the time of colonization by Spain was a territory belonging to no one ( terra nullius ); and, if the answer to that question was in the negative, what were the legal ties of the territory with the Kingdom of Morocco and the Mauritanian entity. On 16...

Western Sahara

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The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
39 words
Western Sahara

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
113 words
Western Sahara

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
114 words
Western Sahara

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The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
101 words
Western Sahara

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Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
94 words
Western Sahara

Western Sahara  

Independence now seems increasingly unlikelyWestern Sahara's territory on the north-west coast of Africa is largely flat and almost entirely desert. The western two-thirds of the country is occupied ...
Western Sahara Case

Western Sahara Case  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1975 I.C.J. Rep. 12. In connection with the decolonization of Western Sahara, a controversy arose as to the legal status of the territory. The General Assembly, by Res. 3292 (XXIX) ...
37 The History of the Book in Sub-Saharan Africa

37 The History of the Book in Sub-Saharan Africa   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,157 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Africa until colonial administrators and Christian missionaries arrived in the 18 th and early 19 th centuries, the continent’s engagement with writing and the economies of text is much older. Scribal cultures thrived in parts of West Africa on early trade routes across the Sahara, and although knowledge of Arabic seems never to have been widespread, a significant literature in African languages transcribed in Arabic script (‘Ajami’) developed. Important MS libraries survive in Mali, as well as in Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, Niger, Senegal, and northern...

Sahrawi

Sahrawi  

Ethnic group in Western Sahara, Morocco, and Algeria.Berber peoples initially settled in Western Sahara by the first millennium b.c.e. By the sixth century b.c.e. the Berbers separated into several ...
Western Desert

Western Desert  

At the eastern end of the great Sahara is the dry region called the Western Desert by the ancient Egyptians. With an area of some 680,000 square kilometers, the Western ...
Haratine

Haratine  

Social caste in several northwestern African countries consisting of blacks, many of whom are former slaves.In the northwestern Sahara lands of Mauritania, Morocco, and the Western Sahara, the term ...
Sahara

Sahara  

A vast desert in North Africa, extending from the Atlantic in the west to the Red Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean and the Atlas Mountains in the north to the Sahel in the south, the ...

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