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Washington

Washington   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
671 words

...2000. Gamboa, Erasmo . “ The Mexican Mule Pack System of Transportation in the Pacific Northwest and British Columbia. ” Journal of the West 29 (January 1990): 16–27. Garcia, Jerry . “ A Chicana in Northern Aztlán: An Oral History of Dora Sanchez Trevino. ” Frontiers 19, no. 2 (1998). Weber, David J. “The Spanish Moment in the Pacific Northwest.” In Terra Pacifica: People and Place in the Northwest States and Western Canada , edited by Paul W. Hirt . Pullman: Washington State University Press, 1998. José M....

Latino Identities and Ethnicities

Latino Identities and Ethnicities   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
6,542 words

...2.0 143,660 25.4  Other Central American 7,010 0.0 93,234 0.3 86,224 1230.0 South American 1,035,602 4.7 1,419,979 4.0 384,377 37.1  Argentinean 100,921 0.5 107,275 0.3 6,354 6.3  Bolivian 38,073 0.2 45,188 0.1 7,115 18.7  Chilean 68,799 0.3 73,951 0.2 5,152 7.5  Colombian 378,726 1.7 496,748 1.4 118,022 31.2  Ecuadorian 191,198 0.9 273,013 0.8 81,815 42.8  Paraguayan 6,662 0.0 8,929 0.0 2,267 34.0  Peruvian 175,035 0.8 247,601 0.7 72,566 41.5  Uruguayan 21,996 0.1 20,242 0.1 −1,754 −8.0  Venezuelan 47,997 0.2 96,091 0.3 48,094 100.2  Other South American...

Nsemi, Ne Mwanda

Nsemi, Ne Mwanda (fl. late twentieth century)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,165 words

...Sese Seko . ] bibliography Bundu Dia Kongo. Official Web site. http://www.bundudiakongo.org/Kinkulu.htm . Human Rights Watch . “ ‘We Will Crush You’: The Restriction of Political Space in the Democratic Republic of Congo .” 25 November 2008. http://www.hrw.org/en/node/76188/section/1 . United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Human Rights Division. “Special Inquiry into the Bas Congo Events of February and March 2008.” http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,MONUC,COD,48624eae2,0.html . Wamba-dia-Wamba, Ernst . “Bundu dia Kongo: A...

Lopez v. Union Tank Car Co

Lopez v. Union Tank Car Co   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,113 words

...national origin (42 U.S.C. 2000e-2(a)). Robert Lopez was hired at Union Tank Car Company in October 1977 when he was twenty-eight years old. As a child, he suffered from polio and had post-polio syndrome. His affliction did not hinder his ability to work, nor did his Hispanic descent. He worked at his job for eighteen years and reached the position of “layout draftsman/CAD operator” in the company's drafting department in February 1992. His evaluator, Richard Benak , in giving him the promotion had given him a rating of 4.0 (superior) on a 5-point scale. In...

Dominican Home Country Project

Dominican Home Country Project   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,386 words

...similar practices indicate that in general voter registration and voter turnout are low among nationals living abroad. Data from the Dominican Junta Central Electoral show that in the presidential elections of 2004 , voting abroad represented only 0.7 percent of total voting in the Dominican Republic (see table 2). It is interesting to note that turnout rates among Dominicans registered to vote abroad was very high, comparable to national levels in the Dominican Republic (73 percent). With regard to institutional support, during President Hipólito Mejía's...

Dominicans

Dominicans   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
7,136 words

...fabricators, and laborers 30.2 14.5 Service 27.8 14.2 Farm, forestry, and fishing — 2.6 Total 100.0 100.0 Source: Levitt, 2001 . Table 6. Industrial Distribution of the Dominican Labor Force in the Continental United States, 1997–2000 (in percentages) Industry Dominicans Total U.S. Agriculture, mining, and forestry 2.0 2.9 Construction 4.3 6.7 Manufacturing 17.5 15.5 Transportation and communications 8.5 5.8 Wholesale trade 4.5 3.8 Retail trade 23.3 17.3 Finance, insurance, and real estate 5.7 6.4 Business and repair services 7.0 6.9 Personal services 5.3...

Colorado

Colorado   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,134 words

...had a population of 4,301,261, of whom 17.1 percent, or 735,601, were Hispanic. Between 1990 and 2002 the Hispanic population grew by 73 percent. The 2000 census registers 421,670 speakers of Spanish in the state. Of these, 61 percent are Mexican, less than 2 percent are Puerto Rican, 0.5 percent Cuban, and 36 percent “Other Hispanic.” Most of the “Other Hispanic” group probably represents descendants of the Spanish-speaking population that lived in greater New Mexico when the area was forcibly joined to the United States. Supporting this theory is...

West Virginia

West Virginia   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,721 words

...By 1910 there were 64,173 (5.2 percent of 1,221,119), the increase being the result of laborers arriving to build the Chesapeake and Ohio and the Norfolk and Western railroads, or to work in the extensive coalfields opened by rail shipping. The African-descended population of McDowell County in the southwestern coalfields, none in 1860 and 0.1 percent in 1880 , grew to 30.7 percent by 1910 . Continuing to grow to 114,893 in 1930 (6.6 percent of 1,792,205), the African American presence statewide shrank to 57,232 in 2000—3.2 percent of 1,808,344—as...

Writing Systems

Writing Systems   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
10,311 words

...in Tilantongo, Lord 8 Deer became involved in a web of intrigues. Then, his older half-brother was treacherously killed in a steambath; blaming this murder on the children of his half-sister, Lord 8 Deer attacked the Town of the Xipe Bundle. On that occasion, Lady 6 Monkey was killed by the knife. Her son, Lord 4 Wind, managed to escape and later took revenge by having Lord 8 Deer ambushed and murdered. The third topic in these codices is less eventful: the genealogical trees of the royal houses show a complex web of marital alliances. There are connections with...

Border, The

Border, The   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
8,687 words

...in Mexico had dropped by 500 to approximately 3,200, and jobs had dipped by 200,000 to slightly above 1 million. Wages topped the list of push factors that drove maquiladoras to relocate. In 2002 entry-level workers could be hired for as low as US$0.25 an hour in Asia, compared to US$1.50 to US$2.00 in Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez. The stability of the Mexican peso kept wages from dropping in Mexico, disappointing multinationals accustomed to periodic declines in their payroll as a result of devaluations. New taxes imposed by the Mexican government and...

García Vega, Alexis “El Maestro”

García Vega, Alexis “El Maestro” (1960– )   Reference library

María Auxiliadora González Malabet

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
757 words

...Categoría B in 2015 . Bibliography Barona, Olga . “Alexis Garcia un hombre soñador.” El Espectador , 30 January 2011. http://www.elespectador.com/impreso/deportes/articulo-247897-alexis-garcia-un-hombre-sonador . Club Deportivo: Alexis Garcia. (website). http://web.archive.org/web/20110207220656/http://clubdeportivoalexisgarcia.com . Deyongh Salzedo, José . “La cultura del equipo no iba de acuerdo a mi manera de ser.” El Heraldo , 8 June 2013. http://www.elheraldo.co/rincon-juniorista/la-cultura-del-equipo-no-iba-de-acuerdo-a-mi-manera-de-ser-alex...

Tiant Vega, Luis Clemente

Tiant Vega, Luis Clemente (1940– )   Reference library

Mark Anthony Phelps

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,330 words

...Luis in Boston. [ See also Martínez, Pedro Jaime .] Bibliography Armour, Mark . “Luis Tiant.” SABR. http://sabr.org/bioproj/person/2212deaf . Browne, Ian . “Big Game-Pitching Tiant Thrived on the Stage.” National Baseball Hall of Fame, 21 February 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070423153823/http://www.baseballhalloffame.org/news/2007/election/vc/tiant.htm . Fitzgerald, Joe . “Luis Tiant Can Tell You the Real Story of Cuba.” Boston Herald , 6 November 1983. Hock, Jonathan , dir. The Lost Son of Havana . DVD. New York: Hock Films and 5 Hole P...

Blogs

Blogs   Reference library

Junhao HONG and HE Wenfa

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...“to edit one’s weblog or to post to one’s weblog”). Blogger writing at Web 2.0 conference in Shanghai, 2007 . photo by berkshire publishing. According to the China Internet Network Information Center ( CNNIC ), a blog is a kind of web space provided by a bulk synchronous parallel ( BSP ) computing model and registered by “netizens” (citizens of the Internet) who wish to express their own opinions and ideas on the web for others to browse. In short, a blog is a public web diary that has the function of recording and reporting. Many blogs contain...

Climate Change—Export Emissions

Climate Change—Export Emissions   Reference library

Christopher WEBER

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... (Vols 1–3). Author. Retrieved February 20, 2009, from, http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/gl/invs1.html Peters, G. P. & Hertwich, E. G. (2008). CO 2 embodied in international trade with implications for global climate policy. Environmental Science and Technology , 42 , 1401–1407. Peters, G. P. , Weber, C. L. , Guan, D. , & Hubacek, K. (2007). China’s growing CO 2 emissions—a race between increasing consumption and efficiency gains. Environmental Science and Technology , 41 , 5939–5944. Streets, D. , Yu, C. , Bergin, M. , Wang...

Social Networking, Online

Social Networking, Online   Reference library

Jonathan Qiang LI and Karen CHRISTENSEN

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...to be the only child in the household; and they tend to be highly mobile. Online networking is the primary way for this generation to get in touch and stay in touch with friends, classmates, relatives, and co-workers. They use blogs, forums, and bulletin board systems ( BBS ), Web 2.0 social-networking sites, instant messaging, and microblogging, often through mobile devices. Online Communities China’s online youth are finding friendship and solace, as well as information and entertainment, in cyberspace. They are searching for others who can relate to their...

Black Gold Politics

Black Gold Politics   Reference library

Sonny LO

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Z. , & Tso, Natalie . (10 July 2006). 10 Questions: Ma Ying-jeou. Time . Retrieved January 21, 2009, from http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1211639,00.html Chin Ko-lin Heijin . (2003). Organized crime, business and politics in Taiwan . Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe. Lo, Sonny Shiu-Hing . (2008). The politics of controlling heidao and corruption in Taiwan. Asian Affairs 35 (2), 59–82. Martin, B. (1996). The Shanghai Green Gang: Politics and organized crime . Berkeley: University of California Press. Seagrave, S. (1986). The Soong...

Internet Industry

Internet Industry   Reference library

DU Junfei

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...to strengthen management practices and expand the market. The top four earning enterprises of the Chinese Internet industry in 2008 were Tencent, China’s largest Internet services portal; Shanda, an online gaming company; Alibaba, a B2B marketplace portal; and Netease, a Web portal and gaming site. According to CNERC, B2B e-commerce in China developed rapidly in 2008 , despite the global economic crisis. Under the effect of the financial crisis, more small and medium-sized enterprises turned toward the domestic market, and online retailing started to...

Toy Industry

Toy Industry   Reference library

Robert Y. ENG

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... Barboza, D , & Story, L. (2007, August 14). Mattel issues new recall of toys made in China. The New York Times online edition. Retrieved July 16, 2008, from http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/14/business/15%20toys-web.html?_r=1&adxnnl=1&oref=slogin&pagewanted=print&adxnnlx=1216316302-ZNDkBVq0Ub0M0+h7xiXzmQ Battles in toyland—industry fights in favor of China trade status. (1991, June 12). The Seattle Times online edition. Retrieved July 16, 2008, from http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=1991%200612&slug=1288604...

♀ Gǒng Lì

♀ Gǒng Lì (1965)   Reference library

Hiu M. CHAN

Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography (Volume 4)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,930 words
Illustration(s):
1

...jīn jiǎ Zhang Yimou Role: Empress Phoenix 2006 Miami Vice Michael Mann Role: Isabella 2007 Hannibal Rising Peter Webber Role: Lady Murasaki 2010 Shanghai Mikael Håfström Role: Anna Lan-Ting 2011 What Women Want 我知女人心 ‎ Wǒ zhī nüˇrén xīn Chen Daming Role: Li Yilong 2014 Coming Home 歸來 ‎ Guīlái Zhang Yimou Role: Feng Wanuy 2016 Monkey King 2 西游记之三打白骨精 ‎ Xī yóu jì zhī sān dǎ bái gǒ jīng Cheang Pou-soi Role: Baigujing By the end of the 1990s, Gong Li had become one of the...

♂ Chén Kǎigē

♂ Chén Kǎigē (1952)   Reference library

Haomin GONG

Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography (Volume 4)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,671 words
Illustration(s):
1

...♂ Chén Kǎigē 陈凯歌 ‎ b. 1952 — Contemporary film director , key figure of the so-called Fifth Generation directors Alternate name: trad. 陳凱歌 ‎ Chen Kaige at the 26th Tokyo International Film Festival ( 2013 ). Photo by Dick Thomas Johnson. Flickr, CC by 2.0. Summary Chen Kaige, part of the group of filmmakers known as the Fifth Generation, has made his imprint on both Chinese and world cinema. His early films helped mark the beginning of a “Chinese New Wave” that brought Chinese cinema to international prominence. His later films, reflecting the...

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