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Weber, Max

Weber, Max (1881–1961)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
888 words

...for some years. Weber’s publications include Cubist Poems ( 1914 ) and Primitives ( 1926 ), a poetry collection illustrated with his own prints, as well as Essays on Art ( 1916 ), and an autobiographical work titled Max Weber ( 1945 ). http://www.anb.org/articles/17/17-00910.html?a=1&n=max%20weber&d=10&ss=0&q=1 (subscription) Biography, bibliography https://www.albrightknox.org/search-collection?keyword=%22max+weber%22&search_by=all&op=Search&title=%22max+weber%22&field_brief_bio_value=%22max+weber%22&title_person=%22max+weber...

density, photographic

density, photographic   Reference library

Graham Saxby

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
182 words

...logarithmic response (the Weber–Fechner law); thirdly, densities add together in a simple way, whereas opacitances and transmittances have to be multiplied together. Thus two densities of 1.0 together give a density of 2.0, whereas the corresponding transmittances of 0.1 together give a transmittance of 0.01. A density of 0 represents total transparency. Density is measured using a device called a densitometer . Reflection density is the logarithm of the reciprocal of the reflectance. A reflection density of 0 is standardized on the reflectance of...

logarithms

logarithms   Reference library

Graham Saxby

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
382 words

...upper series continuing 6, 7, 8 … upwards and 0, -1, -2 … downwards, the lower continuing 1,000,000, 10,000,000, 100,000,000 … (or 10 6 , 10 7 , 10 8 ) upwards and 1, 0.1, 0.01 … (or 10 0 , 10 -1 , 10 -2 ) downwards. Numbers between those in the upper series have logarithms too. For example, log 2 is 0.3, an important value for the photographer. An increment of 0.3 on the logarithmic scale represents a doubling on the arithmetic scale. So a logarithmic series 0.3, 0.6, 0.9 … represents the doubling‐up series 2, 4, 8 …, and is used in plotting characteristic...

Maurer, Alfred

Maurer, Alfred (1868–1932)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
577 words

...0&q=2 (subscription) Biography, bibliography http://emp-web-32.zetcom.ch/eMuseumPlus?service=RedirectService&sp=Scollection&sp=SfieldValue&sp=0&sp=1&sp=3&sp=SdetailList&sp=0&sp=Sdetail&sp=0&sp=F Images including Self-Portrait http://collection.whitney.org/artist/854/AlfredHenryMaurer Images including An Arrangement http://www.phillipscollection.org/search?i=1&tpc_q=alfred+maurer&q1=Website&x1=tpc_type Biography, images including Still Life with Doily http://www.walkerart.org/collections/browse?utf8=%E2%9C%93&q=alfred+maurer ...

Haseltine, William Stanley

Haseltine, William Stanley (1835–1900)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
487 words

...2Faction%2FdoAdvancedSearch%3Fed%3D%26f3%3Dall%26pt%3D%26q2%3D%26f6%3Dall%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26c2%3DAND%26f2%3Dall%26sd%3D%26c4%3DAND%26c6%3DAND%26f1%3Dall%26q4%3D%26la%3D%26f5%3Dall%26acc%3Don%26f0%3Dall%26c5%3DAND%26f4%3Dall%26q0%3Dwilliam%2Bstanley%2...

Walkowitz, Abraham

Walkowitz, Abraham (1878–1965)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
460 words

...portrait sitter.” Shortly before, he had stopped painting because of failing eyesight, which had slowed his output for some time. He died at his home in Brooklyn. http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection?who=Walkowitz%2c+Abraham%24Abraham+Walkowitz&pg=1#!?q=%22abraham%20walkowitz%22&perPage=20&sortBy=Relevance&sortOrder=asc&offset=0&pageSize=0 Images including Symphony in Creation in Eight Movements http://collection.whitney.org/artist/1382/AbrahamWalkowitz Images including New York http://americanart.si.edu/collections/search/artist/?id=5214 Brief biography...

White, Clarence

White, Clarence (1871–1925)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
571 words

...White’s widow and students maintained his school until 1943 . http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection?who=White%2c+Clarence+H.%24Clarence+H.+White&pg=1#!?q=%2522clarence%2520white&perPage=20&sortBy=Relevance&sortOrder=asc&offset=0&pageSize=0 Images including “Morning” and “The Ring Toss” https://www.moma.org/artists/6338 Images including “Croton Reservoir” https://www.icp.org/browse/archive/constituents/clarence-h-white?all/all/all/all/0 Biography https://www.moma.org/interactives/objectphoto/assets/essays/Yochelson.pdf Essay about his teaching and school...

Albers, Josef

Albers, Josef (19 March 1888)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,414 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Spies and others, Düsseldorf, Städt. Ksthalle, 1970) J. Miller : Joseph Albers: Prints, 1915–1970 (New York, 1973) N. F. Weber : The Drawings of Josef Albers (New Haven, 1984) N. D. Benezra : The Murals and Sculpture of Josef Albers (New York, 1985) G. Alviani : Josef Albers (Milan, 1988) [English, German, and Italian] Josef Albers: A Retrospective (exh. cat. by N. F. Weber and others, New York, Guggenheim, 1988) N. F. Weber : Josef and Anni Albers: Designs for Living (London, 2004) B. Danilowitz and H. Liesbrock : Anni and Josef Albers: Latin...

Richards, William Trost

Richards, William Trost (1833–1905)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
556 words

... Images http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/Collection/artist-info.2710.html?artobj_artistId=2710&pageNumber=1 Biography, images http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection?who=Richards%2c+William+Trost%24William+Trost+Richards&pg=1#!?q=%22william%20trost%20richards%22&perPage=20&sortBy=Relevance&sortOrder=asc&offset=0&pageSize=0 Images http://www.mfa.org/collections/search?search_api_views_fulltext=%22william+trost+richards%22 Images http://americanart.si.edu/collections/search/artist/?id=4034 Images ...

paper

paper   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,081 words

...Imperial (30×22 in), Colombier (34½×23½ in), Atlas (34×26 in), and Antiquarian (53×31 in). Some of these sizes are still available in handmade and mould-made papers but for most purposes paper is now made in International Standard A sizes, based on A0 with an area of 1 square metre (9 square ft), A1 being half A0, A2 being half A1, etc. The traditional handmade surfaces of sheets were described as: Rough, produced by the weave of the wet press felt; Not, the same surface but further smoothed by pressing the sheets again against each other; and Hot Pressed,...

Stieglitz, Alfred

Stieglitz, Alfred (1864–1946)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,666 words

...of Art . She gave the Metropolitan nearly six hundred works of art and distributed the remainder of about 250 items to several institutions, with Fisk University in Nashville receiving the largest group. http://www.anb.org/articles/17/17-00833.html?a=1&n=stieglitz&d=10&ss=0&q=2 (subscription) Biography, bibliography https://www.moma.org/artists/5664 Images including “The Terminal,” and “The Steerage” https://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/Collection/artist-info.5477.html?artobj_artistId=5477&artobj_imagesonly=Images_online&sortOrder=CHRONOLOGICAL&pageNu...

Hypertext

Hypertext   Reference library

George P. Landow

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,423 words

...attach to any single word or phrase, thus promoting reader choice, many early systems, including current World Wide Web viewers and their underlying hypertext markup language (HTML) code, do not permit this crucial feature. Web 2.0, a term coined in the late 1990s, refers to websites that permit readers to add links, text, or images and therefore represent a considerable advance on earlier basic HTML. Nonetheless, Web 2.0 is still Hypertext 0.5, largely because the software of blogs, and sites such as Facebook, present information in the form of a linear...

Feininger, Lyonel

Feininger, Lyonel (1871–1956)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
624 words

...near Paris (Street in Paris, Pink Sky) http://sammlung-online.museum-folkwang.de/eMuseumPlus?service=direct/1/ResultListView/result.t2.artist_list.$TspTitleLink$0.link&sp=10&sp=Sartist&sp=SfilterDefinition&sp=0&sp=1&sp=1&sp=SsimpleList&sp=0&sp=Sdetail&sp=0&sp=F&sp=T&sp=1 Analysis and images including Gelmeroda IX https://www.brooklynmuseum.org/opencollection/search?keyword=lyonel+feininger Images including Lunar Web https://www.moma.org/artists/1832 Images including early cartoons and comics ...

Maragha

Maragha   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
657 words

...It shows a restrained use of glazed decoration in light blue that complements the reddish brick. The anonymous cylindrical tomb tower ( 1167 ) shows a more extensive use of light-blue tile, and the nearby decagonal Gunbad-i Kabud (“Blue tomb”; 1196–7 ; diam. 9.0 m) is almost enveloped in a glazed web. Tile mosaic in three colors (light and dark blue and white) appears on the two tomb towers from the 14th century, the 8.33 m square Gunbad-i Ghaffariya built for Shams al-Din Qarasunqur ( d. 1328 ), a Mamluk amir who was governor of Azerbaijan for the Ilkhanids,...

Dow, Arthur Wesley

Dow, Arthur Wesley (1857–1922)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
680 words

... Biography http://americanart.si.edu/collections/search/artist/?id=1325 Biography, images http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection?who=Dow%2c+Arthur+Wesley%24Arthur+Wesley+Dow&pg=1#!?q=%22arthur%20wesley%20dow%22&perPage=20&sortBy=Relevance&sortOrder=asc&offset=0&pageSize=0 Images ...

Sargent, John Singer

Sargent, John Singer (1856–1925)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,459 words

...0&pageSize=0 Images including Madame X and The Wyndham Sisters: Lady Elcho, Mrs. Adeane, and Mrs.Tennant http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/3109402.pdf?refreqid=excelsior%3A052e559ac86da7ba2e846c930358c5f3 (subscription) Analysis of Madame X , with particular attention to its varied interpretations, images http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/sargent-carnation-lily-lily-rose-n01615 Images including Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose and Claude Monet Painting by the Edge of a Wood http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/artist/Sargent%2...

Guattari, Félix

Guattari, Félix (1930–1992)   Reference library

Simon O’Sullivan

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,469 words

...a flattening (exchange principle), and also a hierarchization (with capital at the apex). We might say that such an Assemblage is one that subjects its people (albeit a subjection often masked by slogans invoking individual freedom and the possibilities of participation, such as Web 2.0, Nike’s “Just Do It!,” and the like). These two Assemblages cannot be reduced to specific epochs, for they can, and invariably do, coexist within the same period (for example, and as Guattari points out, animist beliefs and practices coexist with advanced capitalism in the...

Craft

Craft   Reference library

Larry Shiner

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
5,446 words

...Anthology of European & American Writings, 1750–1940 . New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2000. Includes pieces sometimes omitted from collections on craft. Gauntlett, David . Making Is Connecting: The Social Meaning of Creativity: From DIY and Knitting to YouTube and Web 2.0 . Cambridge, U.K.: Polity, 2011. Greenhalgh, Peter , ed. The Persistence of Craft: The Applied Arts Today . London: A. & C. Black, 2002. The introduction gives a good overview of the studio crafts at the turn of the millennium. Halper, Vicki and Diane Douglas , eds. Choosing...

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
117,015 words
Illustration(s):
77

...strapwork decorating the spandrels and tympanum over the doorway. By the time the nearby Gunbad-i Kabud was built ( 1196–7 ), the use of color had increased to such an extent that the tomb is virtually enveloped by a web of blue glazed tile. Bannā῾ī (“builder's [technique]”) was an easy and effective way of decorating large surfaces (see §X, B, 2 below). Plaster and terracotta were also used to cover large surfaces, especially in mud-brick buildings. The Imamzada Karrar at Buzun in central Iran ( 1133–4 ), a rectangular structure in mud-brick, has magnificent...

Central Asia

Central Asia   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
48,691 words
Illustration(s):
10

...surface of the design. Cross stitch (Tajik iroki ) was widespread in the mountains, while it was used to decorate robes in Bukhara and Shahr-i Sabz. Embroidery was used to decorate furnishings, clothing and ceremonial objects. Large wall hangings ( sūzanī ; usually 3.5×2.5 m and 2.0×1.5 m) were made of embroidered panels, occasionally done by different hands, sewn together (see fig. 8). Embroidery was also used for blanket- and cushion-covers, hearth-covers ( sandalpush ), prayer mats ( dzhoynamoz ) and other decorative items. Embroidery was obligatory...

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