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Weber, Max

Weber, Max (1881–1961)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
888 words

...for some years. Weber’s publications include Cubist Poems ( 1914 ) and Primitives ( 1926 ), a poetry collection illustrated with his own prints, as well as Essays on Art ( 1916 ), and an autobiographical work titled Max Weber ( 1945 ). http://www.anb.org/articles/17/17-00910.html?a=1&n=max%20weber&d=10&ss=0&q=1 (subscription) Biography, bibliography https://www.albrightknox.org/search-collection?keyword=%22max+weber%22&search_by=all&op=Search&title=%22max+weber%22&field_brief_bio_value=%22max+weber%22&title_person=%22max+weber...

density, photographic

density, photographic   Reference library

Graham Saxby

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
182 words

...logarithmic response (the Weber–Fechner law); thirdly, densities add together in a simple way, whereas opacitances and transmittances have to be multiplied together. Thus two densities of 1.0 together give a density of 2.0, whereas the corresponding transmittances of 0.1 together give a transmittance of 0.01. A density of 0 represents total transparency. Density is measured using a device called a densitometer . Reflection density is the logarithm of the reciprocal of the reflectance. A reflection density of 0 is standardized on the reflectance of...

logarithms

logarithms   Reference library

Graham Saxby

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
382 words

...upper series continuing 6, 7, 8 … upwards and 0, -1, -2 … downwards, the lower continuing 1,000,000, 10,000,000, 100,000,000 … (or 10 6 , 10 7 , 10 8 ) upwards and 1, 0.1, 0.01 … (or 10 0 , 10 -1 , 10 -2 ) downwards. Numbers between those in the upper series have logarithms too. For example, log 2 is 0.3, an important value for the photographer. An increment of 0.3 on the logarithmic scale represents a doubling on the arithmetic scale. So a logarithmic series 0.3, 0.6, 0.9 … represents the doubling‐up series 2, 4, 8 …, and is used in plotting characteristic...

Maurer, Alfred

Maurer, Alfred (1868–1932)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
577 words

...1&f=%22maurer%22&d=10&ss=0&q=2 (subscription) Biography, bibliography http://emp-web-32.zetcom.ch/eMuseumPlus?service=RedirectService&sp=Scollection&sp=SfieldValue&sp=0&sp=1&sp=3&sp=SdetailList&sp=0&sp=Sdetail&sp=0&sp=F Images including Self-Portrait http://collection.whitney.org/artist/854/AlfredHenryMaurer Images including An Arrangement http://www.phillipscollection.org/search?i=1&tpc_q=alfred+maurer&q1=Website&x1=tpc_type Biography, images including Still Life with Doily http://www.walkerart.org/collections/browse?utf8=%E2...

Feininger, Lyonel

Feininger, Lyonel (1871–1956)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
624 words

... In a Village near Paris (Street in Paris, Pink Sky) http://sammlung-online.museum-folkwang.de/eMuseumPlus?service=direct/1/ResultListView/result.t2.artist_list.$TspTitleLink$0.link&sp=10&sp=Sartist&sp=SfilterDefinition&sp=0&sp=1&sp=1&sp=SsimpleList&sp=0&sp=Sdetail&sp=0&sp=F&sp=T&sp=1 Analysis and images including Gelmeroda IX https://www.brooklynmuseum.org/opencollection/search?keyword=lyonel+feininger Images including Lunar Web https://www.moma.org/artists/1832 Images including early cartoons and comics ...

Walkowitz, Abraham

Walkowitz, Abraham (1878–1965)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
460 words

...2c+Abraham%24Abraham+Walkowitz&pg=1#!?q=%22abraham%20walkowitz%22&perPage=20&sortBy=Relevance&sortOrder=asc&offset=0&pageSize=0 Images including Symphony in Creation in Eight Movements http://collection.whitney.org/artist/1382/AbrahamWalkowitz Images including New York http://americanart.si.edu/collections/search/artist/?id=5214 Brief biography, images https://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/Collection/artist-info.5757.html?artobj_artistId=5757&pageNumber=1 Images ...

Haseltine, William Stanley

Haseltine, William Stanley (1835–1900)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
487 words

...2Faction%2FdoAdvancedSearch%3Fed%3D%26f3%3Dall%26pt%3D%26q2%3D%26f6%3Dall%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26amp%3D%26c2%3DAND%26f2%3Dall%26sd%3D%26c4%3DAND%26c6%3DAND%26f1%3Dall%26q4%3D%26la%3D%26f5%3Dall%26acc%3Don%26f0%3Dall%26c5%3DAND%26f4%3Dall%26q0%3Dwilliam%2Bstanley%2Bhaseltine%26group%3Dnone%26q1%3D%26c1%3DAND%26q6%3D%26q5%3D%26isbn%3D%26c3%3DAND%26q3%3D&seq=1...

White, Clarence

White, Clarence (1871–1925)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
571 words

...White’s widow and students maintained his school until 1943 . http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection?who=White%2c+Clarence+H.%24Clarence+H.+White&pg=1#!?q=%2522clarence%2520white&perPage=20&sortBy=Relevance&sortOrder=asc&offset=0&pageSize=0 Images including “Morning” and “The Ring Toss” https://www.moma.org/artists/6338 Images including “Croton Reservoir” https://www.icp.org/browse/archive/constituents/clarence-h-white?all/all/all/all/0 Biography https://www.moma.org/interactives/objectphoto/assets/essays/Yochelson.pdf Essay about his teaching and school...

Richards, William Trost

Richards, William Trost (1833–1905)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
556 words

...1&n=william%20richards&d=10&ss=3&q=4 (subscription) Biography, bibliography https://www.pafa.org/collection?field_collection_subject_tid=All&field_collection_category_tid=All&field_highlighted_collections_tid=All&field_artist_last_name_value=richards Images http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/Collection/artist-info.2710.html?artobj_artistId=2710&pageNumber=1 Biography, images http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection?who=Richards%2c+William+Trost%24William+Trost+Richards&pg=1...

Albers, Josef

Albers, Josef (19 March 1888)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,414 words
Illustration(s):
1

...four different arrangements and in square formats ranging from 406×406 mm to 1.22×1.22 m. In these paintings, and in related prints and tapestries, Albers explored effects of perception, such as the apparent oscillation between the flat surface design and an illusion of movement across or into space and the interaction of adjacent colors to produce effects of modulation and tonal variation. 2. Josef Albers Open Outward , from the series Homage to the Square , oil on hardboard, 1.22 × 1.22 m, 1967; Berlin, Neue Nationalgalerie. © 2010 The Josef and Anni Albers...

Dow, Arthur Wesley

Dow, Arthur Wesley (1857–1922)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
680 words

... Biography http://americanart.si.edu/collections/search/artist/?id=1325 Biography, images http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection?who=Dow%2c+Arthur+Wesley%24Arthur+Wesley+Dow&pg=1#!?q=%22arthur%20wesley%20dow%22&perPage=20&sortBy=Relevance&sortOrder=asc&offset=0&pageSize=0 Images ...

Sargent, John Singer

Sargent, John Singer (1856–1925)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,459 words

...Lily, Lily, Rose and Claude Monet Painting by the Edge of a Wood http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/artist/Sargent%2C+John+Singer?page=1 Images including Mrs. Charles Gifford Dyer (Mary Anthony) http://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/person.php?search=sa&LinkID=mp05734&role=art Images including Henry James https://d4804za1f1gw.cloudfront.net/wp-content/uploads/sites/30/2018/06/30074803/FINAL-SARGENT-FOR-WEB-5-18.pdf Analysis and images of Boston Public Library murals http://www.sargentmurals.bpl.org/site/sargent/01_hvd.html Analysis...

paper

paper   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,081 words

...(30×22 in), Colombier (34½×23½ in), Atlas (34×26 in), and Antiquarian (53×31 in). Some of these sizes are still available in handmade and mould-made papers but for most purposes paper is now made in International Standard A sizes, based on A0 with an area of 1 square metre (9 square ft), A1 being half A0, A2 being half A1, etc. The traditional handmade surfaces of sheets were described as: Rough, produced by the weave of the wet press felt; Not, the same surface but further smoothed by pressing the sheets again against each other; and Hot Pressed, glazed by...

Stieglitz, Alfred

Stieglitz, Alfred (1864–1946)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,666 words

... Metropolitan Museum of Art . After his death in New York, O’Keeffe donated the single finest example of some 1,550 prints of Stieglitz’s own work to the National Gallery of Art . She gave the Metropolitan nearly six hundred works of art and distributed the remainder of about 250 items to several institutions, with Fisk University in Nashville receiving the largest group. http://www.anb.org/articles/17/17-00833.html?a=1&n=stieglitz&d=10&ss=0&q=2 (subscription) Biography, bibliography https://www.moma.org/artists/5664 Images including “The Terminal,” and...

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
117,015 words
Illustration(s):
77

...2004) S. Weber : “Reshaping Damascus: Social Change and Patterns of Architecture in Late Ottoman Times,” From the Syrian Land to the States of Syria and Lebanon , ed. T. Philipp and C. Schumann (Beirut, 2004), pp. 41–58 H. Z. Watenpaugh : The Image of an Ottoman City: Imperial Architecture and Urban Experience in Aleppo in the 16th and 17th Centuries (Leiden, 2004) S. Weber : “ Zeugnisse kulturellen Wandels: Stadt, Architektur und Gesellschaft des osmanischen Damaskus im 19. und frühen 20. Jahrhundert, ” EJOS , ix/1 (2006), pp. 1–111 D. Kuban : ...

Central Asia

Central Asia   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
48,691 words
Illustration(s):
10

...surface of the design. Cross stitch (Tajik iroki ) was widespread in the mountains, while it was used to decorate robes in Bukhara and Shahr-i Sabz. Embroidery was used to decorate furnishings, clothing and ceremonial objects. Large wall hangings ( sūzanī ; usually 3.5×2.5 m and 2.0×1.5 m) were made of embroidered panels, occasionally done by different hands, sewn together (see fig. 8). Embroidery was also used for blanket- and cushion-covers, hearth-covers ( sandalpush ), prayer mats ( dzhoynamoz ) and other decorative items. Embroidery was obligatory for...

Textiles

Textiles   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
32,331 words
Illustration(s):
12

...Many of these motifs appear in contemporary manuscripts, metalwork and ceramics made for the Ottoman court, suggesting that court studios had a strong impact on textile designers and weavers. 7. Compound-weave silk and twill fragment woven with metal thread, 0.67×1.21 m, from Bursa or Istanbul, 2nd half 16th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1952 (52.20.21); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Art Resource, NY In the 18th and 19th centuries the fondness for floral motifs continued, and during the Tulip...

Angers

Angers   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
5,295 words
Illustration(s):
1

...pays de Loire: Angers, Maine-et-Loire , Inventaire général des monuments et des richesses artistiques de la France (Angers, 1988) J. Mcneill and D. Prigent , eds: Anjou: Medieval Art, Architecture and Archaeology (Leeds, 2003) 1. Cathedral .   2. St Aubin .   3. St Serge .   4. Castle . 5. ‘Apocalypse’ tapestries . 1. Cathedral. The cathedral of St Maurice is a fine representative of the regional style known as Angevin Gothic. Its characteristic single-nave construction gives it a smoothly unified exterior broken only by the two west towers. This...

Digital Media

Digital Media   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
5,396 words
Illustration(s):
1

...into circular tracks and wedge-shaped sectors before receiving any data. Any digital medium needs to be formatted in advance as an array of receptacles, each one of which can be put into one of two radically different physical states as a way of symbolizing one of two numbers (0 or 1). The aim is to inscribe symbols unambiguously rather than to respond sensitively to subtle perturbations. The process of digital recording (also known as digitizing) is one of mensuration rather than maculation; information gets converted from physical events into abstract...

Early Christian architecture

Early Christian architecture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
9,452 words
Illustration(s):
2

...others: ‘Nuovi dati sull’Antica Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano: Parte II’, Boll. A. , lxxxi (Jan–March 1996), pp. 1–84 M. J. Maciel : Antiguidade tardia e paleocristianismo em Portugal (Lisbon, 1996) C. Rizzardi , ed.: Il mausoleo di Galla Placidia a Ravenna (Modena, 1996) W. Weber : ‘Der Basilikenkomplex auf dem Domfreihof in Trier: Die jüngsten Ausgrabungen im Bereich des Doms und der Liebfrauenkirche’. Ant. Welt , Xxvii/2 (1996), pp. 121–7 P. Angiolini Martinelli : La Basilica di San Vitale a Ravenna (Modena, 1997) H. Brandenburg : Die...

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