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We Shall Overcome

Subject: Literature

The most prominent freedom song of the civil rights movement of the 1960s, “We Shall Overcome” has origins in African American spirituals and has been used in a range of protest movements. ...

“We Shall Overcome”

“We Shall Overcome”   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
362 words

...example, teenager Jamila Jones introduced the line “We are not afraid"). “We Shall Overcome” served as a powerful symbol of the civil rights movement and continues to function as a tool of solidarity and resistance. Guy Carawan and Candie Carawan , We Shall Overcome: Songs of the Southern Freedom Movement, 1963. Bernice Johnson Reagon , Voices of the Civil Rights Movement: Black American Freedom Songs, sound recording and accompanying text, Smithsonian Institution, 1980. Jim Brown et al., We Shall Overcome: The Song that Moved a Nation, video documentary,...

‘We Shall Overcome’

‘We Shall Overcome’   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...We Shall Overcome’ . The title of a song originating from before the American Civil War ( 1861–5 ) and adopted for a hymn of 1901 by the Methodist minister C. Albert Tindley entitled ‘I'll Overcome Some Day’. It was revived in 1946 as a protest song by black tobacco workers on picket lines in Charleston, South Carolina, and again during the black civil rights campaign of 1963...

We Shall Overcome

We Shall Overcome  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The most prominent freedom song of the civil rights movement of the 1960s, “We Shall Overcome” has origins in African American spirituals and has been used in a range of protest movements. The song ...
Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature   Reference library

Philip S. Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,106 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the [Most] Venerable Name [he shall be put to death]. (7:1) But if he has blasphemed, either because he has been overcome by distress, or for any other such reason, or while he is reading a scroll or reciting a benediction, he shall be excluded (2) and shall return to the Council of the community no more. If he has spoken in anger against one of the priests inscribed in the scroll, he shall be fined for one year (3) and shall be excluded for his own good from the pure meal of the Congregation. But if he spoke unwittingly, he shall be fined for six months....

Minorities in a Democracy

Minorities in a Democracy   Reference library

Humayun Kabir

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,430 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...interest of all the people of India including the majority community. That is why in our Constitution we find a guarantee of equal rights and opportunities for every citizen regardless of caste, religion, sex, language or race. The entire list of the differences which distinguish and divide human beings, they are all as far as one can reckon mentioned in the Constitution and it is said: All these distinctions shall be overlooked and as Indian citizens they shall have equal rights and equal opportunities. The highest office is open to any person of any religious...

Rethinking Islam Today

Rethinking Islam Today   Reference library

Mohamed Arkoun

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
12,624 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...linked to oral cultures and the official ideological functions of the religion. We shall come back to this point because it is a permanent way of thinking that religion revealed and that social, cultural, and political activity maintained. Tradition and orthodoxy are also unthought, unelaborated concepts in Islamic traditional thought. Tradition is reduced to a collection of “authentic” texts recognized in each community: Shi‘i, Sunni, and Khariji. If we add to the Qur'an and hadith [traditions of the Prophet], the methodology used to...

Extra-canonical early Christian literature

Extra-canonical early Christian literature   Reference library

J. K. Elliott and J. K. Elliott

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,133 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of our long watch that we kept at sea you are not seeing straight, brother James: but do you not see the man who stands there, fair and comely and of a cheerful countenance?’ But he said to me, ‘Him I do not see, brother; but let us go and we shall see what it means.’ And so when we had landed the ship, we saw him helping us to beach the ship. And when we left the place, wishing to follow him again, he again appeared to me, bald-headed but with a thick and flowing beard; but to James he appeared as a youth whose beard was just starting. We were perplexed, both...

Unveiling and Veiling

Unveiling and Veiling   Reference library

Nazira Zein-ed-Din

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,469 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...nation, however advanced, there is a lower class overcome by corruption whose morals and conduct have deteriorated because they did not have the chance to be educated and to develop so that they could reach the higher level in the nation. Gentlemen, we should do our best to see to it that the majority in our nation are able to have an education and the means to develop. Then it would be possible for us to be proud before our nations. . . . We should not believe everything we hear and take our evidence from falsehood,...

Message Not Government, Religion Not State

Message Not Government, Religion Not State   Reference library

‘Ali ‘Abd al-Raziq

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,968 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... “We have not sent you as warden over them.” (Sura [17], Verse 54) “Have you considered he take his own lust as his god? Can you act as a trustee for him?” (Sura 25, Verse 43) “We have sent down this Book to you with the truth for all mankind. So, he who comes to guidance does so for himself, and he who goes astray does so for his own loss; on you does not lie their guardianship.” (Sura 39, Verse 41) “If they turn away (you are not responsible); we have not appointed you a warden over them. Your duty is to deliver the message.” (Sura 42, Verse 48) “We...

Jihad and the Modern World

Jihad and the Modern World   Reference library

Jackson Sherman

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,768 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...that part of the reason many of the Prophet's contemporaries hesitated to follow him was their fear that they would lose the support of their tribes and allies and thus be rendered fair game for all attackers. For example, Qur'ân 28:57 reads: “They say, ‘If we follow the guidance with you we shall be snatched from our land.’” Similarly, 3:173 describes the nascent Muslim community as “Those whom the people warned, ‘Verily all the people have lined up against you, so fear them!’” These and numerous other verses clearly indicate that war, as an activity ...

Isaiah

Isaiah   Reference library

R. Coggins and R. Coggins

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
64,792 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The approach we have tried to follow here renders the notion of a distinct body of Servant Songs problematic on two accounts. First, it has not seemed possible to be specific about authorship of individual sections within the whole poetic library which we call the book of Isaiah. Secondly, the idea of particular poetic sections referring to specific individuals, in principle identifiable, has seemed a very doubtful one. Better, surely, to try to understand this poem, like the others, in the context in which we find it. If that be accepted, we shall immediately...

Introduction to the New Testament

Introduction to the New Testament   Reference library

Leslie Houlden

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,403 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...It offers the prospect of conversation where we shall range around for points of contact and explore possible features of character and opinion; so that gradually, but quite unsystematically, we may build up a picture of the one who has been introduced to us. If the introduction leads to sufficient interest, we shall hope that it leads to further meetings, so that our sketchy picture may become fuller and more exact. We shall take steps to ensure that the process continues from this propitious beginning. We shall certainly not expect that the first encounter...

Britain and America: A Common Heritage

Britain and America: A Common Heritage   Quick reference

George Redmonds

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,879 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...distributions, but it is fair to say that patterns of distribution in 1881 , often 500 years after the date of origin, always tell us something. In the cases quoted we are alerted to the strong possibility that Tillotson and Colpitts have single origins and discover that Lorimer is principally a Scottish surname. When work on the national hearth tax records is complete, we shall have a major insight into even earlier distribution patterns. Stephen Archer's disc also gives the numbers for each surname in 1881 , and this information too can be of...

Shari‘a: The Codification of Islamic Law

Sharia: The Codification of Islamic Law   Reference library

Muhammad Sa‘id Al-‘Ashmawi

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,146 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...serenity and rigor that we intend to reflect here on the problems posed by the codification of the shari‘a . First, we shall give the term a precise definition. To do so we shall refer to the dispositions of the Qur'an and the prophetic tradition regarding the Prophet ( sunna ), and then to the Egyptian legislative and constitutional texts in which it is mentioned. By comparing its senses in these two types of norms we shall be able to determine to what degree the two understandings are concordant or contradictory. Only then will we know how to modify or...

Rights and Roles of Woman

Rights and Roles of Woman   Reference library

Amina Wadud

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,307 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...humankind on earth. The text was revealed to the inhabitants of the earth, while they inhabited the earth, and we are all on the earth as we read and discuss the text. As such, our earthly existence transforms our perceptions of the text and is equally potentially transformed by the text. More importantly, because of the Qur'an's intention to guide the affairs of humans, a certain emphasis is placed on understanding and applying the text while we are here on earth. In my consideration of woman on earth from the Qur'anic perspective, there are certain problems...

The Participation of Islamists in a Non-Islamic Government

The Participation of Islamists in a Non-Islamic Government   Reference library

Rachid Ghannouchi

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,685 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of Allah and not to resort to adopting laws other than His. It is therefore a must for all Muslims to do what they can in order to obey Allah's commandment and establish His governance. But what if the Muslims are unable to do so? The rule is that we are obliged to do only that which we can: No soul shall have a burden laid on it greater than it can bear. ( 2:233 ) The Islamic government is one in which: 1. Supreme legislative authority is for the Shari’ah, that is the revealed law of Islam, which transcends all laws. Within this context, it is the...

Extremism

Extremism   Reference library

Yusuf Al-Qaradawi

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,314 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and in another verse: “If you eschew the most heinous of the things which are forbidden, We shall expel out of you all the evil in you and admit you to a state of great honor.” (Sura 4, Verse 31) In view of the above evidence from the Qur'an and sunna , how could we expel a Muslim from the fold of Islam merely because of his commitment to certain controversial matters that we are not sure are permissible or forbidden, or because of his failure to perform practices that we are not certain are obligatory or recommended. This is why I object to the tendency of...

Qur'an and Woman

Qur'an and Woman   Reference library

Amina Wadud-Muhsin

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
8,749 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...restricted to the mentioned gender—from the perspective of universal Qur'anic guidance. 10 A divine text must overcome the natural restrictions of the language of human communication. Those who argue that the Qur'an cannot be translated believe that there is some necessary correlation between Arabic and the message itself. I will demonstrate that gender distinction, an inherent flaw, necessary for human communication in the Arabic, is overcome by the text in order to fulfill its intention of universal guidance. ...

“There Was No King in Israel”: The Era of the Judges

“There Was No King in Israel”: The Era of the Judges   Reference library

Jo Ann Hackett

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,677 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...and, again, archaeology inform us about the neighbors of ancient Israel during the early Iron Age, especially the Philistines, the Transjordanian peoples (the Ammonites, Moabites, and Edomites), and some of the Phoenician cities. We know only the rough chronology of the period. As we shall see, the ordering of stories in the book of Judges is artificial, and the kind of information archaeology offers can give only a broad outline of the times. Consequently, the discussion that follows is arranged topically rather than chronologically,...

Romans

Romans   Reference library

Craig C. Hill and Craig C. Hill

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,053 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...every way to Christ. v. 17 , the section concludes quite unexpectedly: [we are] ‘heirs…if…we suffer’. This sudden shift to minor key signals the presence of the antagonist, death. Although sin has been overcome, its ravages, its legacy remain. (‘The present time’— ho nun kairos , v. 18 —is the label Paul gives to this ‘time between the times’.) The comments made in connection with 5:3 (‘we…boast in our sufferings’), apply here: for Paul, the shape of Christian life was cruciform (‘we suffer with him’; see also rom e .4). True spirituality is dangerous and...

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