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Walt Whitman

Subject: Literature

(1819–1892) American poet Franklin Evans; or, The Inebriate (1842) FictionLeaves of Grass [first edn] (1855) PoetryDrum-Taps (1865) PoetrySequel to Drum-Taps (1865–6) ...

Whitman, Walt

Whitman, Walt (1819–92)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
166 words

...O'Dowd also delivered several public lectures on Whitman's work. Another writer, who arrived in Australia in 1888 , William Gay ( 1865–97 ), was the author of two monographs on Whitman ( 1893 , 1895 ). The O'Dowd–Whitman correspondence and a range of Australian commentaries on Whitman's work are collected and edited by A. L. McLeod in Walt Whitman in Australia and New Zealand ( 1964 ). The influence of Whitman on Australian writers is also discussed in Joseph Jones 's Radical Cousins ( 1976...

Whitman, Walt

Whitman, Walt (1819–92)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
691 words

...Allen, Gay W. The Solitary Singer (New York, 1955). Asselineau, Roger . The Evolution of Walt Whitman (Iowa City, Iowa, 1999). Erkkila, Betsy . Whitman the Political Poet (Oxford, 1989). Giantvalley, Scott ed. Walt Whitman, 1838–1939: A Reference Guide (Boston, 1981). Greenspan, Ezra , ed. The Cambridge Companion to Walt Whitman (Cambridge, UK, 1995). Kaplan, Justin . Walt Whitman: A Life (New York, 1980). Miller, Edwin H. , ed. A Century of Whitman Criticism (Bloomington, Ind., 1969). Edward W....

Whitman, Walt

Whitman, Walt (1819–92)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
112 words

..., Walt ( Walter Whitman ) ( 1819–92 ) US poet . In 1855 he published, at his own expense, Leaves of Grass - a volume of 12 poems that included ‘Song of Myself’. In 1856 and 1860 , Whitman produced enlarged editions of the work. Drum-Taps ( 1865 ), which draws on his experience of medical service in the Civil War, and Sequel to Drum-Taps ( 1865–66 ), which includes his famous elegies to Abraham Lincoln , ‘When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd' and ‘O Captain! My Captain!’, were both incorporated into a much-expanded 1867 edition of ...

Whitman, Walt

Whitman, Walt (1819–1892)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

..., Walt [ Walter Whitman ] ( 1819–1892 ) American poet Franklin Evans; or, The Inebriate ( 1842 ) Fiction Leaves of Grass [first edn] ( 1855 ) Poetry Drum-Taps ( 1865 ) Poetry Sequel to Drum-Taps ( 1865–6 ) Poetry Democratic Vistas ( 1871 ) Non-Fiction Passage to India ( 1871 ) Poetry Memoranda During the War ( 1875 ) Non-Fiction Two Rivulets [including Democratic Vistas , 1871 ] ( 1876 ) Non-Fiction Poetry November Boughs ( 1888 ) Poetry Good-Bye, My Fancy ( 1891 ) Non-Fiction / Poetry...

Whitman, Walt

Whitman, Walt (1819–92)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
352 words

..., Walt ( 1819–92 ), American poet , whose controversial Leaves of Grass George Eliot quoted in a review of April 1856 , cautiously distancing herself from ‘his contempt for the “prejudices” of decency’ ( Westminster Review , 65: 650). Whitman's indecency, however, became a repeated issue for George Eliot, one that extended even beyond her death. Around 1871 (or so he later told Whitman), H. Buxton Forman convinced her to read Leaves of Grass , where she found a ‘message for her soul’ (Traubel, ii. 434). In March 1876 , however, the ...

WHITMAN, Walt

WHITMAN, Walt (1819–1892)   Reference library

Edward W. O’Brien

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... (New York, 1955). Asselineau, Roger . The Evolution of Walt Whitman (Iowa City, Iowa, 1999). Erkkila, Betsy . Whitman the Political Poet (Oxford, 1989). Giantvalley, Scott , ed. Walt Whitman, 1838–1939: A Reference Guide (Boston, 1981). Greenspan, Ezra , ed. The Cambridge Companion to Walt Whitman (Cambridge, UK, 1995). Kaplan, Justin . Walt Whitman: A Life (New York, 1980). Loving, Jerome . Walt Whitman: The Song of Himself (Berkeley, Cal., 1999). Miller, Edwin H. , ed. A Century of Whitman Criticism (Bloomington, Indiana, 1969). Edward W....

Whitman, Walt

Whitman, Walt (1819–1892)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
868 words

..., Walt ( 1819–1892 ) Walt Whitman , the self-professed bard of the people, was born on Long Island in 1819 . Whitman spent much of his life in Brooklyn, where he worked as a printer, school teacher, and journeyman. These experiences and the myriad people of New York who Whitman met as a result would later frame the ideas of democracy and equality at the heart of so many of his poems. Whitman's best-known collection of poems, Leaves of Grass , probably would have – like its author – fallen into utter obscurity had it not been for a letter of praise for...

Whitman, Walt

Whitman, Walt (1819–1892)   Reference library

David S. Reynolds

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., Walt ( 1819–1892 ), poet . Walt Whitman revolutionized poetry by replacing conventional rhyme and meter with a free-flowing, proselike poetic form that followed the natural rhythms of voice and feeling. Announcing himself as the representative American “bard,” he brought a new democratic inclusiveness to poetry, opening the way for later writers by his experimentation with novel social and sexual themes. The third of seven children of Walter and Louisa Van Velsor Whitman , he was born in West Hills, Long Island. In 1823 , the Whitmans moved to...

Whitman, Walt

Whitman, Walt (1819–92)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
464 words

...(‘Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking’, 1860 ), and his work proved a liberating force for many of his successors, including Henry Miller and the poets of the Beat Generation . See The Collected Writings of Walt Whitman , ed. Sculley Bradley et al. , 17 vols (1961–84) ; Justin Kaplan , Walt Whitman (1980) ; Gary Schmidgall , Walt Whitman ...

Whitman, Walt

Whitman, Walt   Reference library

David S. Reynolds

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
583 words

...Whitman, Walt ( 1819–1892 ), poet. Walt Whitman revolutionized poetry by replacing conventional rhyme and meter with a free-flowing, proselike poetic form that followed the natural rhythms of voice and feeling. Announcing himself as the representative American “bard,” he brought a new democratic inclusiveness to poetry, opening the way for later writers by his experimentation with novel social and sexual themes. The third of seven children of Walter and Louisa Van Velsor Whitman , he was born in West Hills, Long Island. In 1823 , the Whitmans moved to...

Whitman, Walt

Whitman, Walt (1819–92)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
283 words

..., Walt ( 1819–92 ) American poet . He travelled in 1848 to New Orleans, returning to New York via St Louis and Chicago, and the experience of the frontier merged with his admiration for Ralph Waldo Emerson to produce the first, self-published edition of Leaves of Grass in 1855 , a sequence celebrating America through free verse, avoiding European models. When Emerson was sent a copy he replied hailing the work as ‘the most extraordinary piece of wit and wisdom that America has yet contributed’. The second edition ( 1856 ) added 21 poems, and the...

Whitman, Walt

Whitman, Walt   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
10,740 words

...Walt Whitman Handbook . New York, 1975. Allen, Gay Wilson , and Ed Folsom , eds. Walt Whitman and the World . Iowa City, Iowa, 1995. Essays on Whitman's reception around the globe by leading critics in each country treated. Asselineau, Roger . The Evolution of Walt Whitman . Iowa City, Iowa, 1999. First published in French in 1954. First biography to discuss the connection between the poet's alleged homosexuality and his poetry. Ceniza, Sherry . Walt Whitman and 19th-Century Women Reformers . Tuscaloosa, Ala., 1998. Cowley, Malcolm , ed. Walt Whitman's...

Walt Whitman

Walt Whitman (1819–92)   Reference library

Francis Crick

Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
112 words

...Walt Whitman 1819 – 92 American poet, journalist and essayist When I heard the learn'd astronomer, When the proofs, the figures, were ranged in columns before me, When I was shown the charts and diagrams, to add, divide, and measure them, When I sitting heard the astronomer where he lectured with much applause in the lecture-room, How soon unaccountable I became tired and sick, Till rising and gliding out I wander'd off by myself, In the mystical moist night-air, and from time to time, Look'd up in perfect silence at the stars. Leaves of Grass , edited...

Walt Whitman

Walt Whitman (1819–92)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
312 words

...0Walt Walt Whitman 1819 – 92 American poet O Captain! my Captain! our fearful trip is done, The ship has weathered every rack, the prize we sought is won, The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting. allegorical poem on the death of Abraham lincoln ‘O Captain! My Captain!’ (1871) O captain ! my Captain fearful trip is done ship has weathered every rack The ship is anchored safe and sound, its voyage closed and done. From fearful trip the victor ship comes in with object won; Exult O shores, and ring O bells! But I with mournful...

Walt Whitman

Walt Whitman (181992)   Reference library

Brewer's Famous Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
496 words

...Walt Whitman 1819 92 American poet I Sing the Body Electric. Title of poem (1855), in Leaves of Grass (various editions 1855–97). The phrase was later used by Ray Bradbury as the title story in a collection called I Sing the Body Electric (1970). Compare Virgil 2 . We Two Boys together Clinging. Title of poem, in the same work. Hence, the title of David Hockney's 1961 painting We Two Boys Together Clinging . The picture shows two figures indeed clinging together and surrounded by various inscriptions, including the numerals ‘4.2’. This is code...

Walt Whitman

Walt Whitman (1819–92)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
880 words

...0Walt Walt Whitman 1819 – 92 American poet . On Whitman: see ginsberg I dreamed in a dream I saw a city invincible to the attacks of the whole of the rest of the earth, I dreamed that was the new city of Friends. ‘I dreamed in a dream’ (1867) dreamed in a dream saw a city invincible new city of Friends new city of friends I sing the body electric. title of poem (1855) sing the body electric sing the body electric sing the body electric O Captain! my Captain! our fearful trip is done, The ship has weathered every rack, the prize we sought...

Walt Whitman

Walt Whitman (1819–92)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
746 words

...0Walt Walt Whitman 1819 – 92 American poet I dreamed in a dream I saw a city invincible to the attacks of the whole of the rest of the earth, I dreamed that was the new city of Friends. ‘I dreamed in a dream’ (1867) saw a city invincible new city of Friends new city of friends I sing the body electric. title of poem (1855) sing the body electric sing the body electric sing the body electric O Captain! my Captain! our fearful trip is done, The ship has weathered every rack, the prize we sought is won. ‘O Captain! My Captain!’ (1871) O ...

Walt Whitman

Walt Whitman (1819–92)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of American Quotations (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
1,421 words

...Walt Whitman 1819 – 92 As I have walked in Alabama my morning walk, I have seen where the she-bird the mocking bird sat on her nest in the briers hatching her brood. I have seen the he-bird also, I have paused to hear him near at hand inflating his throat and joyfully singing. Starting from Paumanok , in Leaves of Grass , 1881 The United States themselves are essentially the greatest poem. Preface, Leaves of Grass , 1st ed., 1855 I hear America singing, the varied carols I hear. I Hear America Singing , 1867 I shall use the word America and democracy...

Whitman, Walt(er)

Whitman, Walt(er) (31 May 1819)   Reference library

Jack Sullivan

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
458 words

...Faner : Walt Whitman and Opera (Philadelphia, 1951) J.G. Brennan : “Delius and Whitman,” Whitman Review , xviii/3 (1972), 90–6 J. Wannamaker : The Musical Settings of the Poetry of Walt Whitman: a Study of Theme, Structure, and Prosody (diss., U. of Minnesota, 1972) [incl. list of settings] M.A. Hovland : Musical Settings of American Poetry: a Bibliography (Westport, CT, 1986) [incl. list of settings] T. Hampson and M. Verdino-Süllword : liner notes, To the Soul , EMI CDC5 55028 (1997) J. Sullivan : “New World Songs: the Legacy of Whitman,” New...

Whitman, Walt[er]

Whitman, Walt[er] (1819–92)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,616 words

...clerk in the Indian Bureau of the Department of the Interior, but was shortly dismissed by the Secretary, on the ground that Leaves of Grass was an immoral book. Whitman was defended by his friends, William O'Connor , who wrote The Good Gray Poet ( 1866 ), and John Burroughs , who with Whitman's assistance published Notes on Walt Whitman as Poet and Person ( 1867 ). During these years, Whitman issued two new editions of Leaves of Grass ( 1867 , 1871 ); Democratic Vistas ( 1871 ), a prose work; and Passage to India ( 1871 ), embodying the concept...

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