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Wladimir Köppen

(b. St Petersburg, 25 September 1846; d. Graz, Austria, 22 June 1940) German meteorologist and climatologist who produced a map of climatic zones, differentiated by temperature ...

Vladimir

Vladimir   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
476 words

... Capital of North-East Russia from the late 12th to the early 15th c., a city particularly rich in medieval monuments. Situated in the land of Rostov, Vladimir (its Slavonic and Russian form; in Old Russian, Volodimer) was founded in c. 1096 by Vladimir Monomakh whose name it took, just as the homonymous town in Volhynia (in Ukrainian, Volodymyr) owed its name to St Vladimir (the Great) . Added to its name to distinguish the northern town was either Zalessky (“beyond the forests”) or “on the Klyaz'ma”, a tributary of the Oka whose left bank...

Köppen, Wladimir

Köppen, Wladimir (25 September 1846)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Weather (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023

...Wladimir (b. St Petersburg , 25 September 1846 ; d. Graz, Austria , 22 June 1940 ) German meteorologist and climatologist who produced a map of climatic zones, differentiated by temperature regime, in 1884 . His pioneering scheme for climate classification ( see Köppen classification ) was introduced in 1900...

Köppen, Wladimir

Köppen, Wladimir (1846–1940)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Wladimir ( 1846–1940 ), German climatologist . Wladimir Köppen is credited with designing a classification system for the world's vegetation communities and climates that is widely accepted by today's climatologists and geographers. Introduced in 1918 as a detailed and intricate system, it was simplified several times during the 1930s. The Köppen classification is a quantitative system based on annual temperatures and amounts of precipitation. Using plants as meteorological “instruments” for measuring precipitation effectiveness and drainage,...

Vogel, Wladimir (Rudolfovich)

Vogel, Wladimir (Rudolfovich) (29 Feb. 1896)   Reference library

Paul Griffiths and Martin Anderson

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
122 words

...Vogel, Wladimir (Rudolfovich) ( b Moscow , 29 Feb. 1896 ; d Zürich , 19 June 1984 ). Swiss composer , of German-Russian parentage. He studied in Berlin with Heinz Tiessen and Busoni , then taught at the Klindworth-Scharwenka Conservatory ( 1929–33 ). In 1933 he was forced to leave Germany and moved to Switzerland, where he spent the rest of his life. He taught privately. His most notable contribution to music was in the use of speaking voices, solo and choral; he wrote several ‘dramma-oratorios’, among them Wagadus Untergang durch die...

Köppen, Wladimir Peter

Köppen, Wladimir Peter (1846–1940)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Wladimir Peter ( 1846–1940 ) A meteorologist who developed the climate classification system that bears his name. He was born in St Petersburg, Russia, of German parents, studied at the universities of Heidelberg and Leipzig, and during 1872–3 worked in the Russian meteorological service. In 1875 he moved to Hamburg, Germany, where he headed a new division of the Deutsche Seewarte, formed to issue weather forecasts for the land and sea areas of northern Germany. He was able to devote himself entirely to research from 1879 . He died in Graz,...

Woytinsky, Wladimir S.

Woytinsky, Wladimir S. (1885–1960)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of American Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
465 words

...Wladimir S. ( 1885–1960 ) Wladimir Woytinsky was born in St. Petersburg in Russia to Savely and Wilhelmina Woytinsky on 12 November 1885 , and died in New York on 10 June 1960 . He graduated from the University of St. Petersburg in 1908 . The young Woytinsky became an ardent foe of Romanov autocracy, a stance which earned him exile in Siberia between 1908 and 1917 . When the Russian Revolution and Civil War, came Woytinsky joined the Kerensky government as a commissar with the Northern Front. Following a brief internment by the Bolsheviks in ...

Köppen, Wladimir Peter

Köppen, Wladimir Peter   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Scientists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
300 words

...Wladimir Peter (1846–1940) Russian–German climatologist Köppen was educated at the university in his native city of St. Petersburg and then at Heidelberg and Leipzig. Although he began his career in 1872 with the Russian meteorological service, he moved to Germany shortly afterward where, in 1875 , he was appointed director of the meteorological research department of the German Naval Observatory at Hamburg, a post he retained until the end of World War I when he was succeeded by his son-in-law Alfred Wegener . Köppen is mainly remembered today for...

Vladimir

Vladimir   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
5 words

... (Russian town). See Suzdal᾽...

Vladimir

Vladimir   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
102 words

... (Suzdalia) Political centre of *Suzdalia in the 12th and 13th centuries. Prince Andrei Bogoliubskii ( 1157–74 ), who moved his capital there, his brother Vsevolod ‘Big Nest’ ( 1176– 1212 ), and Vsevolod’s grandson Aleksandr Nevskii ( 1252–63 ) maintained Vladimir’s hegemony. The rise of *Moscow in the 14th century reduced Vladimir to a provincial town, and the title of grand prince of Vladimir passed to the Moscow dynasty. Vladimir was an important ecclesiastical and cultural centre, as its two 12th-century *cathedrals of the Dormition...

Vladimir

Vladimir   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
109 words
Illustration(s):
1

... ( Volodymyr, Volyn’ ) City named after Grand Prince *Vladimir of *Kiev , who took the city from *Poland . Vladimir became the capital of the increasingly autonomous principality of Volhynia. Volhynia united with Galicia in 1199 , and thereafter Vladimir ceased to be a capital city. In the latter 14th and early 15th centuries Vladimir was contested by Poland and ultimately, successfully, by *Lithuania . A minor administrative centre, it suffered a series of devastating *Tatar raids in the late 15th century. Cathedral of St Demetrius,...

Vladimir

Vladimir (Russia)   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Vladimir , Russia A province and a city founded in 1108 and named by Vladimir II Monomakh ( 1053–1125 ), Grand Prince of Kiev ( 1113–25 ), after St Vladimir I the Great ( c. 956–1015 ), Grand Prince of Kiev. It was the capital of Kievan Rus′ between 1157 and c. 1328 . The name could be translated as ‘Ruler of the World’ or alternatively ‘Possessor of Peace’, mir meaning both ‘world’ and ‘peace’. See vladikavkaz...

Vladimir

Vladimir   Quick reference

Neil Morris

Dictionary Plus Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
72 words

...Vladimir A city in western (European) Russia, administrative centre of the Vladimir region, on the Klyazma River. Founded in 1108 by Vladimir II, grand prince of Kiev, it became capital of the princedom in 1157 . It has many fine old buildings, including two cathedrals (originally built 1158 and 1197 ) and a Golden Gate ( 1158 ). Modern industries include chemicals, electrical goods, and textiles. Population ( 2010 ) 345,400. Neil...

Vladimir

Vladimir   Reference library

Andrzej Poppe

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
161 words

... , prince of Galitza (from 1141 ); born ca. 1110 , died 1153 . He was the grandson of Rostislav of Tmutorakan and Lanka , daughter of Béla I of Hungary. Involved in constant conflicts with Polish and Volhynian princes and, from 1146 , with Hungary and Kiev, Vladimir concluded an alliance with Byz., probably ca. 1146–47 . Kinnamos ( Kinn . 115.18–19) describes him as “a man allied with ( hypospondos ) the Romans,” which suggests the existence of a treaty, but which has been wrongly interpreted as denoting Vladimir's vassalage. In Manuel I's war...

Vladimir

Vladimir   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Opera Characters (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
37 words

... ( Borodin : Prince Igor ). Ten. Son of Prince Igor. Goes with his father to fight the Polovtsi and falls in love with Kontchakovna, the daughter of their leader. Created ( 1890 ) by Grigorii Ugrinovich...

Vladimir

Vladimir   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
74 words

... City on the n bank of the River Klyazma, Russia. Founded early in the 12th century by Vladimir II of Kiev , it is one of Russia's oldest cities. The grand dukes of Moscow were crowned here in the 14th century. Tourists are drawn partly by three 12th-century buildings - the two cathedrals and the Golden Gate (a fortified city gate). Industries: chemicals, cotton textiles, plastics, tractors, machine tools, electrical goods. Pop. ( 1999 )...

Vladimir

Vladimir   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
347 words

... ( 955–1015 ) prince of Kiev. Scandinavian in origin, a great-grandson of Rurik , traditional founder of the Russian state, Vladimir was brought up in the pagan Viking religion and before his baptism freely indulged in the violence, brutality, and lust often regarded (not least by the contemporary Arab chronicler Ibn-Fadlan) as characteristic of the Varangians. He became Prince of Novgorod in 970 ; he had to flee to Scandinavia in 972 in the revolt of his brothers; but he soon returned victorious and consolidated his position as ruler of Kievan...

Vladimir I

Vladimir I   Reference library

Andrzej Poppe

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
212 words

... I (Βλαδιμηρός), prince of Kiev, son of Svjatoslav and grandson of Igor ; sole ruler of Kievan Rus᾽ (from 980 ); baptismal name Basil ; died 15 July 1015 . In Sept. 987 Vladimir I formed an alliance with Basil II, sealed a year later by Vladimir's marriage to Basil's sister Anna . Vladimir was baptized on Epiphany, the multitude of Kievans probably on Pentecost 988, and a metropolitan see subordinate to Constantinople was established in Kiev. Vladimir sent several thousand warriors from Rus᾽ to fight in battles at Bithynian Chrysopolis ( Jan....

Vladimir, St

Vladimir, St (c.958; d. 15 July 1015)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
245 words

..., St (b. c .958; d. 15 July 1015 ) Grand prince of *Kiev from c .980 . Vladimir (or Volodimer), the baptizer of *Rus’ , chose eastern Orthodox Christianity over western Christianity, Judaism, and Islam in 988/9 , thereby bringing Kievan Rus’ into the spiritual, cultural, and political orbit of *Byzantium . Assigned to rule *Novgorod in 969 , Vladimir was swept up in the succession struggle following the death of his father Sviatoslav ( 972 ). His forces took Kiev in 980 , murdering his older brother Iaropolk. Capturing *Cherson in 988 ,...

Nabokov, Vladimir

Nabokov, Vladimir (1899–1977)   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
28 words

...Vladimir ( 1899–1977 ), novelist , short‐story writer , poet , memoirist , and editor : educ. Cambridge ( Trinity College ) early 1920s. The Real Life of Sebastian Knight 1941 , Speak Memory 1967...

Orloff, Vladimir

Orloff, Vladimir (1928)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
31 words

...Vladimir ( b Odessa , 1928 ; d 2019 ). Russian‐born cellist . Prof., Vienna Acad. 1967 , Toronto Univ. 1971–91 . Début, Bucharest 1947 . First prize Bucharest int. comp. 1947 , Warsaw int. comp. 1955...

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