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Vincentian Canon

Subject: Religion

The threefold test of Catholicity laid down by St Vincent of Lérins, namely ‘what has been believed everywhere, always, and by all’. By this triple test of ecumenicity, antiquity, and ...

Vincentian canon

Vincentian canon   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
44 words

... canon . The threefold test of Catholicity laid down by St Vincent of Lérins, namely ‘what has been believed everywhere, always, and by all’. By this triple test of ecumenicity, antiquity, and consent, the Church is to differentiate between true and false...

Vincentian Canon

Vincentian Canon   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
53 words

... Canon . A threefold (but never realized) criterion of Catholic doctrine: quod ubique , quod semper , quod ab omnibus creditum est (‘what has been believed everywhere, always, and by all’). It was formulated by St Vincent of Lérins (d. before 450) in his Commonitorium , a guide to heresy and to determining the true...

Vincentian Canon

Vincentian Canon   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
86 words

... Canon The threefold test of Catholicity laid down by Vincent of Lérins in his ‘Commonitorium’ (2.3), namely quod ubique, quod semper, quod ab omnibus creditum est (‘what has been believed everywhere, always, and by all’). By this triple test of ecumenicity, antiquity, and consent, the Church is to differentiate between true and false traditions. The order of the tests is to be noted, as the canon was very frequently misquoted with ‘antiquity’ ( quod semper ) first by English writers in the 19th...

Vincentian Canon

Vincentian Canon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The threefold test of Catholicity laid down by St Vincent of Lérins, namely ‘what has been believed everywhere, always, and by all’. By this triple test of ecumenicity, antiquity, and consent, the ...
St Vincent of Lérins

St Vincent of Lérins  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. before 450), author of the Commonitorium. After a period in secular employment, he became a monk at Lérins. It is generally thought that he opposed the teaching of St Augustine on predestination ...
Georg Calixtus

Georg Calixtus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1586–1656), Protestant theologian. He was professor of theology at Helmstedt from 1614. He tried to build up a theological system (syncretism) which would reconcile Lutherans, Calvinists, and ...
Joseph Cottolengo

Joseph Cottolengo  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1786–1842),priest and founder of the Societies of the Little House of Divine Providence. Born at Bra (Piedmont) of a middle-class family, he was educated in the seminary of Turin, was ordained ...
Old Catholics

Old Catholics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A group of small national Churches, consisting of Christians who have separated from the RC Church.(1) The Old Catholic Church in the Netherlands, sometimes called the Church of Utrecht. This owes ...
Catholic

Catholic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The word, meaning ‘general’ or ‘universal’, has come to have various uses in Christian terminology: (1) Of the universal Church as distinct from local Christian communities.(2) In the sense of ...
Vincent of Lérins, St

Vincent of Lérins, St (450)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
66 words

...of Lérins, St (d. before 450 ) Monastic author of the Commonitorium ( c .434 ), a guide for distinguishing orthodox from heretical teaching. The ‘Vincentian canon’ proposes that the Catholic faith is ‘what has been believed everywhere, always, by all’. James R. Payton, Jr Commonitoria , ed. R. Demeulenaere , CCSL 64 (1985). T. G. Guarino , ‘ Tradition and Social Development: Vincent of Lérins ’, Theological Studies , 67 (2006),...

Vincent of Lérins, St

Vincent of Lérins, St (d. before 450)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
118 words

...he opposed the teaching of St Augustine on predestination and was probably the object of one of Prosper of Aquitaine's controversial writings. His own Commonitorium was designed to provide a guide to the determination of the Catholic faith; it embodies the famous ‘ Vincentian canon ’. Despite his emphasis on tradition, he held that Scripture was the final ground of Christian truth, and that the authority of the Church was to be invoked only to guarantee its right interpretation. Feast day, 24...

Old Catholics

Old Catholics   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
126 words

...Catholics . Christians who adhere (according to the declaration of their bishops in 1889 ) to the Vincentian Canon , not in order to resist all change, but in order to guard against unwarranted innovation. The roots of the separation of Old Catholic Churches go back to the post-Reformation debates in the Netherlands: the Jansenist Church of Utrecht retained the apostolic succession after its separation from Rome in 1724 and was later able to supply valid consecration of bishops. The major breach occurred as a consequence of the Vatican I ...

Calixtus, Georg

Calixtus, Georg (1586–1656)   Reference library

Dan Borvan

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
253 words

...system (‘unifying theology’) which should lead to reconciliation between Lutherans , Calvinists, and Catholics. The basis of the proposed reunion was to be the scriptures, the Apostles’ Creed , and the faith of the first five cents, interpreted in the light of the Vincentian canon . He expounded his position, for which he was accused of ‘ syncretism ’ by his fellow Lutherans, in a long series of writings, of which perhaps the most important was his treatise Judicium de controversiis theologicis quae inter Lutheranos et Reformatos agitantur… (1650). ‡...

Catholic

Catholic   Reference library

Euan Cameron

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
253 words

...Ignatius of Antioch ( Ep. ad Smyr. 8.2): ‘where Jesus Christ is, there is the Catholic [or “whole”] Church’. In Christian terminology it has been used: (1) Of the universal Church as distinct from local Christian communities, denoting the faith of the whole Church ( see Vincentian Canon ). (2) In the sense of ‘orthodox’, as distinct from ‘heretical’, or ‘schismatical’. (3) Historically, of the undivided Church before the schism of E. and W., traditionally dated in the W. from the mutual excommunications of 1054. Thereafter the W. Church usually referred to...

Cottolengo, Joseph

Cottolengo, Joseph   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
351 words

...a canon in 1818 . There he spent the rest of his life caring for the poor and catering for nearly every human need. This he did by founding a variety of religious institutes. Inspired by the example of Vincent de Paul , he first provided for a small hospital of five beds: this had been occasioned by the death of a sick family in the slums without adequate care. The hospital grew rapidly: its staff became the nucleus of the Brothers and Sisters of St Vincent. During the cholera epidemic of 1831 the local authority closed this hospital, so the Vincentians...

Vincent of Lérins, St

Vincent of Lérins, St (450)   Reference library

Jarred Mercer

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
416 words

...published a text of Vincent’s ‘Excerpta’, the earliest known Augustinian florilegium . Vincent’s main work, the ‘Commonitorium’, written under the pseudonym ‘Peregrinus’, was designed to provide a guide to the determination of the Catholic faith; it embodies the famous Vincentian Canon . Despite his emphasis on tradition , Vincent maintained that the final ground of Christian truth was holy scripture, and that the authority of the Church was to be invoked only to guarantee its right interpretation. He did not, however, preclude a development in matters of...

Vincentius of Lérins

Vincentius of Lérins (fl. 430–50)   Reference library

Thomas O’Loughlin

The Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,532 words

... ‘Vincentian canon’ of orthodoxy equalling teaching that is quod ubique, quod semper, quod ab omnibus ) that would allow deviation from, or rejection of, Aug. by appealing to the range of the tradition. The fact that V. paraphrased Aug., but did not name or quote him, was seen as a sign that he was indeed engaged in a dispute and was not, at the very least, an admirer of Aug. As the disputes over grace died down and the value of the ‘Vincentian Canon’ rose within...

Newman, John Henry

Newman, John Henry (1801–90)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
4,586 words

...for some years he had been drawn towards this step, he was prevented to a large part by his awareness that in various respects belief and practice in the Roman Catholic Church included matters that are not to be found in the apostolic church. As such they fail to satisfy the Vincentian Canon that authentic faith is what has been held ‘always, everywhere and by all’ ( semper, ubique et ab omnibus ). Newman attempted to overcome this difficulty by entertaining the ‘hypothesis’ of development. Arguing that since ‘Christianity is a fact, and impresses an idea of...

Certainty

Certainty   Reference library

Susan E. Schreiner

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Martin Luther

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Religion
Length:
9,860 words

...that the foundation for Christian truth was Scripture. However, different people interpreted the Bible in ways that were judged to be contrary to Christian faith. Around the year 434, Vincent of Lérins provided a rule that distinguished Catholic truth from heresy. This “Vincentian Canon” required that Christian truth be that which was believed everywhere, always, and by all ( Quod ubique, quod semper, quod ab omnibus ). These criteria guaranteed the certainty and stability of doctrine. One target of Vincent’s was probably Augustine, because he could be...

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